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Browse » Domains » Social Environments » Healthy Food Environments

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Measure: Healthy Food Environments   #210700

Definition:

This measure utilizes a questionnaire to assess a respondent’s access to healthy foods and healthy eating alternatives in his or her local neighborhood.

Purpose:

Obesity and being overweight are major public health issues, and it is well established that obesity is associated with a wide range of serious health outcomes, such as coronary heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. Until quite recently, food purchasing behavior and diet have been regarded purely as matters of individual free choice, and most intervention studies have targeted changing individual behavior (e.g., encouraging healthy eating). This perspective neglects social and material contexts in which food purchasing and diet decisions are made (Diez Roux, 1998). There is now considerable interest in the role of the built and social environments in promoting obesity and being overweight (Egger & Swinburn, 1997; Walker et al., 1999; Davison & Birth, 2000).

Protocols:

Keywords:

Social environments, healthy food availability, fresh foods, food, restaurant, grocery store, neighborhood, community, obesity, Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, MESA, Perceived Availability of Healthy Foods Scale, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NHLBI

Measure Release Date: May 31, 2016

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