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Browse » Domains » Social Environments » Race/Ethnic Residential Segregation

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Measure: Race/Ethnic Residential Segregation   #211400

Definition:

A measure of neighborhood race/ethnic residential segregation, based on data from the U.S. Census Bureau.

Purpose:

This measure examines various population characteristics to determine the degree of race/ethnic residential segregation, the degree to which various groups reside in different neighborhoods (Iceland & Douzet, 2006). Race/ethnic residential segregation, particularly when resulting from discrimination, can have negative consequences for minority group members. Race/ethnic residential segregation can limit residential choice, constrain economic and educational opportunities by limiting people’s access to good schools and jobs, serve to concentrate poverty in disadvantaged neighborhoods, and contribute to social exclusion and alienation (Massey & Denton, 1988). Residential segregation also affects the nature and quality of intergroup relations in society: segregation reduces contact between groups and is usually thought to both cause and reflect polarization across communities (Reardon, 2006). Following Reardon (2006), a region is segregated to the extent to which individuals of a different group live in different neighborhoods within a region. That is, the term segregation does not apply to individual neighborhoods but to larger regions (e.g., school districts, counties, metropolitan statistical areas.

Protocols:

Keywords:

Social Environments, American Community Survey, ACS, neighborhood, residential segregation, neighborhood disadvantage, U.S. Census

Measure Release Date: May 31, 2016

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