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Essential Measures are only those items that are critical to the collection of the Measure or are necessary for the interpretation of results. Essential Measures are integral to the Measure. Without such information the data collected would be incomplete and/or misleading.
An additional PhenX Measure that the user may find helpful based on the selection of a particular PhenX Measure. Related PhenX Measures can include additional Measures that are needed to calculate a Derived Variable (e.g., Weight and Height are needed to calculate BMI), Measures that are commonly used in presentations and publications to present the value of the chosen Measures (e.g., Height and Weight by Race and Ethnicity), Measures that are conceptually related to the chosen Measure (e.g., Current Educational Attainment is conceptually related to Annual Family Income and Arm Span is conceptually related to Height), Measures that are physiologically and/or biologically related to the chosen Measure (e.g., Stroke and Heart Disease). Related PhenX Measures are suggestions only.
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Browse » Domains » Environmental Exposures » History of Being Breast Fed

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Measure: History of Being Breast Fed   #061000

Definition:

Question about whether or not the respondent was breast-fed as a child.

Purpose:

Human milk has health benefits for infants (i.e., nutritional and immunologic benefits). Lactation has been shown to be beneficial to the health of mothers (e.g., lower risk of some cancers). Breast-feeding also has been shown to have psychological and neurodevelopmental benefits. Unfortunately, human milk may also be a vehicle for transfer of viruses (e.g., HIV) and environmental chemicals (e.g., polyhalogenated chemicals). Generally, the benefits of human milk and lactation have been found to outweigh the risks of exposures to pathogens or toxic substances in breast milk but there are higher-risk situations that have been recognized. Researchers can use information about breast-feeding to make inferences relevant to early nutritional status and immunologic development, the mother-child relationship, and potential exposures.

Protocols:

Keywords:

Environmental Exposures, breast-feeding, breast milk, lactation, immunology, virus transmission, National Cancer Institute, NCI, Long Island Breast Cancer Study, LIBCSP

Measure Release Date: May 31, 2016

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