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Browse » Domains » Environmental Exposures » Residential History

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Measure: Residential History   #060300

Definition:

Questions about the respondent’s current and previous residences. Details on each residence are collected to allow sufficient data for geocoding.

Purpose:

Many studies have linked the physical location of a person’s residence with environmental exposures such as air pollution or other environmental toxins in soil or water that can cause adverse effects to the cardiac, pulmonary, or nervous systems. Researchers can use the geographic coordinates (geocoordinates) of a person’s residence to determine the residence’s location and determine proximity or exposure to local and ambient pollutants. Information about not only the current residence but also previous residences is more useful because relevant exposures may have occurred in the past, and many diseases have a long latency period (e.g., cancers or nervous system diseases). Residential geolocations can subsequently be linked to additional information such as water source and whether or not the property was located on a farm to serve as additional indicators for potential environmental exposures.

Protocols:

Keywords:

Environmental exposure, residence, farm, geocoordinate, latitude, longitude, landmark, global positioning system, GPS

Measure Release Date: May 31, 2016

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