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Protocol - Local Tobacco Control Public Policies

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Description:

This protocol uses tobacco control legislative data from the American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation’s (ANRF’s) U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database, a standardized system and national collection of local ordinances and board of health regulations containing provisions on clean indoor air, restrictions on youth access to tobacco, tobacco sales and distribution restrictions, tobacco advertising and promotion restrictions, tobacco excise taxes, and conditional use permits.

Specific Instructions:

With the exception of lists of current local jurisdictions that are 100% smoke free, all American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation (ANRF) data are proprietary. To purchase data on additional topics from the database, please call ANRF for a quote at 510-841-3032, or e-mail the Ordinance Database Team at TobaccoLawsDatabase@no-smoke.org.

In addition, the WG recommends that investigators consider clearly defining "tobacco products" by noting whether that definition includes or excludes certain types of related products based on these criteria: products that are intended for human consumption; made or derived from tobacco; typically contain nicotine, but sometimes do not; and are not Food and Drug Administration-approved tobacco-cessation products.

Protocol:

The U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database can be used to generate reports that provide local-level data on tobacco use prevention and control policies related to the following topics:

  • 100% smokefree ordinances (non-hospitality worksites, restaurants, bars)
  • Preemption of local smokefree air laws
  • Excise taxes on tobacco products
  • Restrictions on minors’ access to tobacco products
  • Marketing/advertising restrictions
  • Restrictions on other (non-cigarette) tobacco products

To view the latest Smokefree Lists and Maps, and description of Data that are updated on a quarterly basis (January, April, July, and October)

see: www.no-smoke.org/goingsmokefree.php?id=519.

Protocol Name from Source:

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

Knowledge of the American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation’s (ANRF’s) U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database. Further analysis of the extracted data is required.

Equipment Needs

Access to a computer with Internet access.

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Secondary Data Analysis

Life Stage:

Participants:

Not applicable: Derived from proprietary secondary data.

Selection Rationale

Tobacco use is the single leading cause of preventable deaths and disease in the United States. Extensive evidence demonstrates the effectiveness of various tobacco control policies in reducing tobacco use. In many jurisdictions, local tobacco control policies are stronger and/or more comprehensive than state policies.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Tobacco Local Tobacco Control Public Policy Assessment Text 4885191 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None.

Process and Review

Not applicable.

Source

American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation (ANRF). (2015). U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database. www.no-smoke.org/goingsmokefree.php?id=519

General References

Babb, S., McNeil, C., Kruger, J., & Tynan, M.A. (2015). Secondhand smoke and smoking restrictions in casinos: A review of the evidence. Tobacco Control, 24(1), 11-17.

Ferketich, A. K., Lugo, A., La Vecchia, C., Fernandez, E., Boffetta, P., Clancy, L., & Gallus, S. (2014). Relation between national-level tobacco control policies and individual-level voluntary home smoking bans in Europe. Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print].

Hahn, E. J., Rayens, M. K., Adkins, S., Begley, K., & York, N. (2015). A controlled community-based trial to promote smoke-free policy in rural communities. Journal of Rural Health, 31(1), 76-88.

Kadowaki, J., Vuolo, M., & Kelly, B. C. (2015). A review of the current geographic distribution of and debate surrounding electronic cigarette clean air regulations in the United States. Health & Place, 31, 75-82.

Klein, E. G., & Hood, N. E. (2015). The smoking ban next door: Do hospitality businesses in border areas have reduced sales after a statewide smoke-free policy? Health Policy, 119(1), 44-49.

Protocol ID:

750601

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Advertising
PX750601220000 Does the municipality have tobacco more
advertising laws? (advertising via location/zoning, tombstone, public transit, retailer requirements) show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Airport
PX750601080000 Does the municipality have 100% smokefree more
airport laws? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Bar
PX750601030000 Does the municipality have 100% smokefree more
freestanding bar laws? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Baseball_Stadiums
PX750601100000 What smoking policies does the municipality more
have at professional baseball stadiums? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Beach
PX750601170000 Does the municipality have 100% smoke-free more
beach laws? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Conditional_Use
PX750601230000 Does the municipality have conditional use more
permit laws? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Football_Stadiums
PX750601090000 What smoking policies does the municipality more
have at professsional American football stadiums? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Hotel
PX750601040000 Does the municipality have 100% smokefree more
hotel and motel guest room laws? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Balcony
PX750601120200 If all units in Market Rate Multi-unit more
Housing are 100% smoke-free, do the units have a patio or balcony? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Condominium
PX750601120300 If all units in Market Rate Multi-unit more
Housing are 100% smoke-free, are the units described as condominiums? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Enddate
PX750601120700 If the municipality has laws that restrict a more
percentage of units in Market Rate Multi-unit housing to be 100% smoke-free, what is the final effective date of said law? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Minimum
PX750601110000 What is the minimum number of units for the more
municipality to consider a building Market Rate Multi-unit Housing? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Minimumpercentage
PX750601120400 If the municipality does not restrict Market more
Rate Multi-unit Housing to be 100% smoke-free, are there laws that restrict percentage of units to be currently 100% smoke-free? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Percentage
PX750601120500 If the municipality has laws that require more
Market Rate Multi-unit housing to be smoke-free, what is the minimum percentage of Market Rate Multi-unit Housing that need to be smoke-free? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Restriction
PX750601120100 Does the municipality restrict Market Rate more
Multi-unit Housing to be 100% smoke-free? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Startdate
PX750601120600 If the municipality has laws that restrict a more
percentage of units in Market Rate Multi-unit housing to be 100% smoke-free, what is the initial effective date of said law? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Medicalfacilities
PX750601050000 Does the municipality have 100% smokefree more
hospital and psychiatric facility laws? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Medicalfacilities_Any
PX750601060000 Does the municipality have any laws more
restricting smoking at hospital and psychiatric facilities? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Medicalfacilities_Details
PX750601070000 If the municipality has any laws restricting more
smoking at hospital and psychiatric facilities, what are the details of the restrictions? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Nonhospitality
PX750601010000 Does the municipality have 100% smokefree more
non-hospitality workplace laws? show less
Variable Mapping
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Outdoor_Dining
PX750601190000 Does the municipality have 100% smoke-free more
outdoor dining and bar patio laws? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Parks
PX750601200000 Does the municipality have 100% smoke-free more
park laws? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Pharmacy
PX750601160000 Does the municipality have 100% tobacco-free more
pharmacy laws? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Private_Clubs
PX750601150000 Does the municipality have 100% smokefree more
private club laws? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Balcony
PX750601140200 If all units in Public/Affordable Multi-unit more
Housing are 100% smoke-free, do the units have a patio or balcony? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Enddate
PX750601140600 If the municipality has laws that restrict a more
percentage of units in Public/Affordable Multi-unit housing to be 100% smoke-free, what is the final effective date of said law? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Minimum
PX750601130000 What is the minimum number of units for the more
municipality to consider a building Public/Affordable Multi-unit Housing? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Minimumpercentage
PX750601140300 If the municipality does not restrict more
Public/Affordable Multi-unit Housing to be 100% smoke-free, are there laws that restrict percentage of units to be currently 100% smoke-free? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Percentage
PX750601140400 If the municipality has laws that require more
Public/Affordable Multi-unit housing to be smoke-free, what is the minimum percentage of Public/Affordable Multi-unit Housing that need to be smoke-free? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Restriction
PX750601140100 Does the municipality restrict more
Public/Affordable Multi-unit Housing to be 100% smoke-free? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Startdate
PX750601140500 If the municipality has laws that restrict a more
percentage of units in Public/Affordable Multi-unit housing to be 100% smoke-free, what is the initial effective date of said law? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Restaurant
PX750601020000 Does the municipality have 100% smokefree more
restaurant laws? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Transit_Stops
PX750601180000 Does the municipality have 100% smoke-free more
transit waiting area laws? show less
N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Youth_Access
PX750601240000 Does the municipality have youth access laws? N/A
PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Zoos
PX750601210000 Does the municipality have 100% smoke-free more
zoo laws? show less
N/A
Tobacco Regulatory Research
Measure Name:

Local Tobacco Control Public Policies

Release Date:

June 24, 2015

Definition

A measure of tobacco use prevention and control policies at the local-level.

Purpose

This measure examines tobacco use prevention and control policies.

Keywords

American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation, ANRF, U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database, smoke free, bans, restrictions, excise tax, tobacco, minors, marketing, advertising, policy, emerging tobacco products, preemption, smoke-free air, second hand smoke, secondhand smoke, second-hand smoke