Protocol - Local Tobacco Control Public Policies
This protocol uses tobacco control legislative data from the American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation’s (ANRF’s) U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database, a standardized system and national collection of local ordinances and board of health regulations containing provisions on clean indoor air, restrictions on youth access to tobacco, tobacco sales and distribution restrictions, tobacco advertising and promotion restrictions, tobacco excise taxes, and conditional use permits.
With the exception of lists of current local jurisdictions that are 100% smoke free, all American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation (ANRF) data are proprietary. To purchase data on additional topics from the database, please call ANRF for a quote at 510-841-3032, or e-mail the Ordinance Database Team at TobaccoLawsDatabase@no-smoke.org.
In addition, the WG recommends that investigators consider clearly defining "tobacco products" by noting whether that definition includes or excludes certain types of related products based on these criteria: products that are intended for human consumption; made or derived from tobacco; typically contain nicotine, but sometimes do not; and are not Food and Drug Administration-approved tobacco-cessation products.
The U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database can be used to generate reports that provide local-level data on tobacco use prevention and control policies related to the following topics:
- 100% smokefree ordinances (non-hospitality worksites, restaurants, bars)
- Preemption of local smokefree air laws
- Excise taxes on tobacco products
- Restrictions on minors’ access to tobacco products
- Marketing/advertising restrictions
- Restrictions on other (non-cigarette) tobacco products
To view the latest Smokefree Lists and Maps, and description of Data that are updated on a quarterly basis (January, April, July, and October)
Protocol Name from Source:
This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.
Personnel and Training Required
Knowledge of the American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation’s (ANRF’s) U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database. Further analysis of the extracted data is required.
Access to a computer with Internet access.
|Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection||No|
|Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual||No|
Mode of Administration
Secondary Data Analysis
Not applicable: Derived from proprietary secondary data.
Tobacco use is the single leading cause of preventable deaths and disease in the United States. Extensive evidence demonstrates the effectiveness of various tobacco control policies in reducing tobacco use. In many jurisdictions, local tobacco control policies are stronger and/or more comprehensive than state policies.
|Common Data Elements (CDE)||Tobacco Local Tobacco Control Public Policy Assessment Text||4885191||CDE Browser|
Process and Review
This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.
American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation (ANRF). (2015). U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database. www.no-smoke.org/goingsmokefree.php?id=519
Babb, S., McNeil, C., Kruger, J., & Tynan, M.A. (2015). Secondhand smoke and smoking restrictions in casinos: A review of the evidence. Tobacco Control, 24(1), 11-17.
Ferketich, A. K., Lugo, A., La Vecchia, C., Fernandez, E., Boffetta, P., Clancy, L., & Gallus, S. (2014). Relation between national-level tobacco control policies and individual-level voluntary home smoking bans in Europe. Tobacco Control [Epub ahead of print].
Hahn, E. J., Rayens, M. K., Adkins, S., Begley, K., & York, N. (2015). A controlled community-based trial to promote smoke-free policy in rural communities. Journal of Rural Health, 31(1), 76-88.
Kadowaki, J., Vuolo, M., & Kelly, B. C. (2015). A review of the current geographic distribution of and debate surrounding electronic cigarette clean air regulations in the United States. Health & Place, 31, 75-82.
Klein, E. G., & Hood, N. E. (2015). The smoking ban next door: Do hospitality businesses in border areas have reduced sales after a statewide smoke-free policy? Health Policy, 119(1), 44-49.
|Variable Name||Variable ID||Variable Description||Version||dbGaP Mapping|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Advertising||PX750601220000||Does the municipality have tobacco advertising laws? (advertising via location/zoning, tombstone, public transit, retailer requirements)||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Airport||PX750601080000||Does the municipality have 100% smokefree airport laws?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Bar||PX750601030000||Does the municipality have 100% smokefree freestanding bar laws?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Baseball_Stadiums||PX750601100000||What smoking policies does the municipality have at professional baseball stadiums?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Beach||PX750601170000||Does the municipality have 100% smoke-free beach laws?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Conditional_Use||PX750601230000||Does the municipality have conditional use permit laws?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Football_Stadiums||PX750601090000||What smoking policies does the municipality have at professsional American football stadiums?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Hotel||PX750601040000||Does the municipality have 100% smokefree hotel and motel guest room laws?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Balcony||PX750601120200||If all units in Market Rate Multi-unit Housing are 100% smoke-free, do the units have a patio or balcony?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Condominium||PX750601120300||If all units in Market Rate Multi-unit Housing are 100% smoke-free, are the units described as condominiums?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Enddate||PX750601120700||If the municipality has laws that restrict a percentage of units in Market Rate Multi-unit housing to be 100% smoke-free, what is the final effective date of said law?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Minimum||PX750601110000||What is the minimum number of units for the municipality to consider a building Market Rate Multi-unit Housing?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Minimumpercentage||PX750601120400||If the municipality does not restrict Market Rate Multi-unit Housing to be 100% smoke-free, are there laws that restrict percentage of units to be currently 100% smoke-free?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Percentage||PX750601120500||If the municipality has laws that require Market Rate Multi-unit housing to be smoke-free, what is the minimum percentage of Market Rate Multi-unit Housing that need to be smoke-free?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Restriction||PX750601120100||Does the municipality restrict Market Rate Multi-unit Housing to be 100% smoke-free?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Marketratemultiunit_Startdate||PX750601120600||If the municipality has laws that restrict a percentage of units in Market Rate Multi-unit housing to be 100% smoke-free, what is the initial effective date of said law?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Medicalfacilities||PX750601050000||Does the municipality have 100% smokefree hospital and psychiatric facility laws?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Medicalfacilities_Any||PX750601060000||Does the municipality have any laws restricting smoking at hospital and psychiatric facilities?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Medicalfacilities_Details||PX750601070000||If the municipality has any laws restricting smoking at hospital and psychiatric facilities, what are the details of the restrictions?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Nonhospitality||PX750601010000||Does the municipality have 100% smokefree non-hospitality workplace laws?||4||Variable Mapping|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Outdoor_Dining||PX750601190000||Does the municipality have 100% smoke-free outdoor dining and bar patio laws?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Parks||PX750601200000||Does the municipality have 100% smoke-free park laws?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Pharmacy||PX750601160000||Does the municipality have 100% tobacco-free pharmacy laws?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Private_Clubs||PX750601150000||Does the municipality have 100% smokefree private club laws?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Balcony||PX750601140200||If all units in Public/Affordable Multi-unit Housing are 100% smoke-free, do the units have a patio or balcony?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Enddate||PX750601140600||If the municipality has laws that restrict a percentage of units in Public/Affordable Multi-unit housing to be 100% smoke-free, what is the final effective date of said law?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Minimum||PX750601130000||What is the minimum number of units for the municipality to consider a building Public/Affordable Multi-unit Housing?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Minimumpercentage||PX750601140300||If the municipality does not restrict Public/Affordable Multi-unit Housing to be 100% smoke-free, are there laws that restrict percentage of units to be currently 100% smoke-free?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Percentage||PX750601140400||If the municipality has laws that require Public/Affordable Multi-unit housing to be smoke-free, what is the minimum percentage of Public/Affordable Multi-unit Housing that need to be smoke-free?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Restriction||PX750601140100||Does the municipality restrict Public/Affordable Multi-unit Housing to be 100% smoke-free?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Publicaffordablemultiunit_Startdate||PX750601140500||If the municipality has laws that restrict a percentage of units in Public/Affordable Multi-unit housing to be 100% smoke-free, what is the initial effective date of said law?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Restaurant||PX750601020000||Does the municipality have 100% smokefree restaurant laws?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Transit_Stops||PX750601180000||Does the municipality have 100% smoke-free transit waiting area laws?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Youth_Access||PX750601240000||Does the municipality have youth access laws?||4||N/A|
|PX750601_Local_Tobacco_Policies_Zoos||PX750601210000||Does the municipality have 100% smoke-free zoo laws?||4||N/A|
Local Tobacco Control Public Policies
June 24, 2015
A measure of tobacco use prevention and control policies at the local-level.
This measure examines tobacco use prevention and control policies.
American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation, ANRF, U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database, smoke free, bans, restrictions, excise tax, tobacco, minors, marketing, advertising, policy, emerging tobacco products, preemption, smoke-free air, second hand smoke, secondhand smoke, second-hand smoke