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Protocol - Phonological Awareness

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Description:

Syllable Repetition Task (SRT) is an 18-item task to assess the ability to repeat nonwords. Administrator presses the down arrow key to progress through the test stimuli in PowerPoint. Each test item (nonword) will appear on the PC screen in the order on the SRT Scoring Form. The screen should not be visible to the respondent, as the task is purely an auditory one. Every time the recording says a nonword, the respondent is to attempt to say the nonword.

Specific Instructions:

The PowerPoint file, including the audio stimuli, can be freely downloaded from the Phonology Project website at: http://www2.waisman.wisc.edu/phonology/pubs-tech.html (See the PowerPoint slides under Reference #14)

Protocol:

Summary of the Syllable Repetition Task (SRT)

The Syllable Repetition Task (SRT) assesses a speaker’s ability to repeat nonwords using an 18-item imitation task. The only speech sounds in the SRT nonwords are the vowel /a/ and four voiced consonants /b/, /d/, /m/, and /n/.

Administration:

1. Provide the following instructions to the participant, repeating as necessary to ensure comprehension. Provide an example (using the sample stimulus “baba”) if you think the participant may not readily understand the directions:

“You are going to say some silly words. Every time you hear the woman say a word, you try to copy her. Say the word exactly the way she says it.”

2. Press the down arrow key to progress through the test stimuli in PowerPoint. Each test item will appear on the PC screen in the order on the SRT Scoring Form.

3. If you need to repeat an item, press the up-arrow key and then the down arrow key. Replays of items are permitted only for the following reasons:

a) Overtalk or some other noise occurs during the stimulus, making it difficult for the participant to hear it, and/or during the response, making the item difficult to score live or from the recording.

b) The participant is inattentive during the presentation of the stimulus, requests a repeat of the stimulus, or doesn’t repeat the stimulus. In each of these 18 cases, allow one repeat, but say something like, “I’ll do that now, but I can’t repeat any more items, so just do the best you can.”

Scoring Instructions

Completing the SRT Scoring Form

1. Use the SRT Scoring Form to score a participant’s responses either during administration of the task or later from the audio recording.

2. “Response” column: Circle each consonant that is incorrect.

3. “Transcription” column: Enter “NR” if there is no response to the stimulus. Enter a transcription of the entire response if any of the target consonants are incorrect, or if there are added sounds or syllables.

4. “No. of Consonants Correct” column: Enter a digit indicating the number of correctly repeated consonants. Then, compute and enter the syllable-level (i.e., SRT-2, SRT-3, and SRT-4) scores and the total SRT score using the formulas for each.

5. “No. of Additions” column: Enter a check mark for added sounds (see note on scoring form about added syllables).

Check the following website for additional information on scoring: 

http://www.waisman.wisc.edu/phonology/.

Protocol Name from Source:

Syllable Repetition Task (SRT)

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

The Syllable Repetition Task (SRT) can be administered by trained research assistants. Examiners should have formal training in the ethical administration, scoring, and interpretation of clinical assessments. Additionally, investigators are encouraged to have quality control procedures in place to maintain consistency among examiners. Examiners should familiarize themselves with the correct pronunciation of each nonword to be able to detect errors.

Equipment Needs

Computer with external speakers, file or disk containing Syllable Repetition Task (SRT) stimuli, recording device and matching external microphone, and SRT Scoring Form.

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Child, Adolescent

Participants:

Children and adolescents, ages 3–17 years

Selection Rationale

The Syllable Repetition Task (SRT) was selected because it is easy to administer and score. Scoring this test does not require familiarity with the International Phonetic Alphabet. Further, unlike other nonword repetition tasks, it contains only consonants that most children can say at very young ages; therefore, it is suitable for use with children who have speech disorders. Finally, because the stimuli vary in length (two, three, and four syllables), researchers can use this test to investigate the role of memory.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Speech Phonological Awareness Test Syllable Repetition Task Assessment Score Ê 6773769 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel #7 (ERP 7) reviewed the measures in the Speech and Hearing domain.

Guidance from ERP 7 includes the following:

  • Added a new measure
  • New Data Dictionary

Source

Shriberg, L. (2008). Syllable Repetition Task (SRT).

The Syllable Repetition Task (SRT) and the technical manuals can be freely downloaded here:

https://www2.waisman.wisc.edu/phonology/pubs-tech.html.

The SRT PowerPoint file is listed under 2008. The scoring sheet is in the 2008 Technical Report (p. 19), but the newer, revised norms are in the 2011 Technical Report.

Contact:

Lawrence D. Shriberg, PI (shriberg@waisman.wisc.edu
Heather L. Mabie (hmabie@wisc.edu)Waisman Center
1500 Highland Ave
Madison, WI 53705
Telephone: 608-263-5982

Lab Website: http://www.waisman.wisc.edu/phonology

General References

Dollaghan, C., & Campbell, T. F. (1998). Nonword repetition and child language impairment. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 41, 1136–1146.

Shriberg, L. D., Lohmeier, H. L., Campbell, T. F., Dollaghan, C. A., Green, J. R., & Moore, C. A. (2009). A nonword repetition task for speakers with misarticulations: The Syllable Repetition Task (SRT). Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 52, 1189–1212. 

Shriberg, L. D., Lohmeier, H. L., Strand, E. A., & Jakielski, K. J. (2012). Encoding, memory, and transcoding deficits in childhood apraxia of speech. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 26, 445–482.

Protocol ID:

201901

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Consonants_Bada
PX201901010101 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Consonants_Bama
PX201901010301 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Consonants_Daba
PX201901010601 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Consonants_Dama
PX201901010201 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Consonants_Maba
PX201901010801 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Consonants_Mada
PX201901010401 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Consonants_Naba
PX201901010501 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Consonants_Nada
PX201901010701 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Number_Additions_Bada
PX201901010104 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Number_Additions_Bama
PX201901010304 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Number_Additions_Daba
PX201901010604 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Number_Additions_Dama
PX201901010204 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Number_Additions_Maba
PX201901010804 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Number_Additions_Mada
PX201901010404 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Number_Additions_Naba
PX201901010504 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Number_Additions_Nada
PX201901010704 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Number_Correct_Consonants_Bada
PX201901010103 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Number_Correct_Consonants_Bama
PX201901010303 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Number_Correct_Consonants_Daba
PX201901010603 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Number_Correct_Consonants_Dama
PX201901010203 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Number_Correct_Consonants_Maba
PX201901010803 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Number_Correct_Consonants_Mada
PX201901010403 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Number_Correct_Consonants_Naba
PX201901010503 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Number_Correct_Consonants_Nada
PX201901010703 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Response_Bada
PX201901010102 What was the participants response? N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Response_Bama
PX201901010302 What was the participants response? N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Response_Daba
PX201901010602 What was the participants response? N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Response_Dama
PX201901010202 What was the participants response? N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Response_Maba
PX201901010802 What was the participants response? N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Response_Mada
PX201901010402 What was the participants response? N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Response_Naba
PX201901010502 What was the participants response? N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Double_Response_Nada
PX201901010702 What was the participants response? N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Quadruple_Consonants_Bamadana
PX201901030101 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Quadruple_Consonants_Danabama
PX201901030201 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Quadruple_Consonants_Manabada
PX201901030301 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Quadruple_Consonants_Nadamaba
PX201901030401 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Quadruple_Number_Additions_Bamadana
PX201901030104 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Quadruple_Number_Additions_Danabama
PX201901030204 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Quadruple_Number_Additions_Manabada
PX201901030304 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Quadruple_Number_Additions_Nadamaba
PX201901030404 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Quadruple_Number_Correct_Consonants_Bamadana
PX201901030103 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Quadruple_Number_Correct_Consonants_Danabama
PX201901030203 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Quadruple_Number_Correct_Consonants_Manabada
PX201901030303 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Quadruple_Number_Correct_Consonants_Nadamaba
PX201901030403 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Quadruple_Response_Bamadana
PX201901030102 What was the participants response? N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Quadruple_Response_Danabama
PX201901030202 What was the participants response? N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Quadruple_Response_Manabada
PX201901030302 What was the participants response? N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Quadruple_Response_Nadamaba
PX201901030402 What was the participants response? N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Consonants_Bamana
PX201901020101 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Consonants_Banada
PX201901020501 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Consonants_Dabama
PX201901020201 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Consonants_Madaba
PX201901020301 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Consonants_Manaba
PX201901020601 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Consonants_Nabada
PX201901020401 Which consonant(s) did the participant more
respond incorrect? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Number_Additions_Bamana
PX201901020104 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Number_Additions_Banada
PX201901020504 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Number_Additions_Dabama
PX201901020204 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Number_Additions_Madaba
PX201901020304 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Number_Additions_Manaba
PX201901020604 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Number_Additions_Nabada
PX201901020404 Did the participant have added sounds to more
their response? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Number_Correct_Consonants_Bamana
PX201901020103 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Number_Correct_Consonants_Banada
PX201901020503 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Number_Correct_Consonants_Dabama
PX201901020203 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Number_Correct_Consonants_Madaba
PX201901020303 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Number_Correct_Consonants_Manaba
PX201901020603 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Number_Correct_Consonants_Nabada
PX201901020403 What was the number of consonants the more
paticipant responded correctly? show less
N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Response_Bamana
PX201901020102 What was the participants response? N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Response_Banada
PX201901020502 What was the participants response? N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Response_Dabama
PX201901020202 What was the participants response? N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Response_Madaba
PX201901020302 What was the participants response? N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Response_Manaba
PX201901020602 What was the participants response? N/A
PX201901_Phonological_Awareness_Syllables_Triple_Response_Nabada
PX201901020402 What was the participants response? N/A
Speech, Language and Hearing
Measure Name:

Phonological Awareness

Release Date:

June 4, 2019

Definition

This measure is a test to assess the ability of the respondent to repeat multi-syllable nonsense words.

Purpose

This measure is used to assess an individual's ability to code and temporarily store information phonologically. This ability is related to verbal memory and language acquisition.

Keywords

Nonword repetition, verbal memory, specific language impairment, SLI, speech and hearing, Syllable Repetition Task, SRT