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Protocol - Child Oral Health Pain

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Description:

The Child Oral Health Impact Profile-Short Form 19 (COHIP-SF 19) is a 19-item interviewer-administered questionnaire about the oral health of a child to assess the child’s quality of life. This questionnaire can be administered to children aged 8-17 years old.

The COHIP-SF 19 is derived from the Child Oral Health Impact Profile, which is administered to parents and contains 34 questions. The COHIP-SF 19 covers the areas of school environment, self-image, social-emotional well-being, and functional well-being.

Protocol:

Please answer "yes" or "no" to the following questions.

Have you "….." because of your teeth, mouth, or face?

1. Had pain in your teeth/toothache

2. Had discolored teeth or spots on your teeth

3. Had crooked teeth or spaces between your teeth

4. Had bad breath

5. Had bleeding gums

6. Had difficulty eating foods you would like to eat

7. Had trouble sleeping

8. Had difficulty saying certain words

9. Had difficulty keeping your teeth clean

10. Been unhappy or sad

11. Felt worried or anxious

12. Avoided smiling or laughing with other children

13. Felt that you look different

14. Been worried about what other people think about your …

15. Been teased, bullied, or called names by other children

16. Missed school for any reason

17. Not wanted to speak/read out loud in class

18. Been confident

19. Felt that you were attractive (good looking)

COHIP 19 Scoring Key

Domains:

oral health (5 items),

1. Had pain in your teeth/toothache

2. Had discolored teeth or spots on your teeth

3. Had crooked teeth or spaces between your teeth

4. Had bad breath

5. Had bleeding gums

functional (4 items),

6. Had difficulty eating foods you would like to eat

7. Had trouble sleeping

8. Had difficulty saying certain words

9. Had difficulty keeping your teeth clean

socio-emotional (10 items)

10. Been unhappy or sad

11. Felt worried or anxious

12. Avoided smiling or laughing with other children

13. Felt that you look different

14. Been worried about what other people think about your …

15. Been teased, bullied, or called names by other children

16. Missed school for any reason

17. Not wanted to speak/read out loud in class

18. Been confident

19. Felt that you were attractive (good looking)

Scoring:

The negatively worded items are then reverse coded so that higher scores represent a more positive QOL. Most of the items are negatively worded, so the only 2 items that do not need to be reverse coded are ’been confident’ and ’felt that you were attractive’

Original code: (’never’=0, ’almost never’=1, ’sometimes’=2, ’fairly often’=3, ’almost all of the time’=4)

To reverse code: (’never’=4, ’almost never’=3, ’sometimes’=2, ’fairly often’=1, ’almost all of the time’=0)

Totals:

Calculated as the total sum of the items in each subscale COHIP-SF 19 Total is the total sum of all 19 items

For missing items: do not calculate subscales with missing items or total scale

Protocol Name from Source:

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

The interviewer should be trained and qualified to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population.

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Interviewer-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Child, Adolescent

Participants:

Children aged 8-17

Specific Instructions:

None.

Selection Rationale

The Child Oral Health Impact Profile-Short Form 19 (COHIP-SF 19) was chosen because both reliability and validity testing of the COHIP-SF 19 were consistent with those reported in the literature for the validated 34-item COHIP (i.e., the parent form). Based on this testing, the COHIP-SF 19 addresses recommendations for a shorter, more efficient children’s oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) instrument and is appropriate for a variety of purposes such as clinical research and epidemiological studies.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Youth Oral Pain Assessment Score 4798040 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

Broder, H., Wilson-Genderson, M., & Sischo, L. (2012). Reliability and validity testing for the Child Oral Health Impact Profile-Reduced (COHIP-SF 19). Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 72(4), 302-312. (Erratum published 2013, Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 73, p. 86).

General References

Ahn, Y. S., Kim, H. Y., Hong, S. M., Patton, L. L., Kim, J. H., & Noh, H. J. (2012). Validation of a Korean version of the Child Oral Health Impact Profile (COHIP) among 8- to 15-year-old school children. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 22(4), 292-301.

Broder, H. L., Wilson-Genderson, M., & Sischo, L. (2012). Reliability and validity testing for the Child Oral Health Impact Profile-Reduced (COHIP-SF 19). Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 72(4), 302-312.

Dunlow, N., Phillips, C., & Broder, H. (2007). Concurrent validity of the COHIP. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 35(Suppl. 1), 41-49.

Gilchrist, F., Rodd, H., Deery, C., & Marshman, Z. (2014). Assessment of the quality of measures of child oral health-related quality of life. BMC Oral Health, 14(40), 1-17.

Protocol ID:

220401

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Avoided_Smiling PX220401120000 Have you avoided smiling or laughing with other children because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Avoided_SpeakingClass PX220401170000 Have you not wanted to speak/read out loud in class because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Bad_Breath PX220401040000 Have you Had bad breath because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Been_Confident PX220401180000 Have you been confident because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Been_Teased PX220401150000 Have you been teased, bullied, or called names by other children because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Bleding_Gums PX220401050000 Have you Had bleeding gums because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Crooked_Spaces PX220401030000 Have you Had crooked teeth or spaces between your teeth because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Difficulty_CleaningTeeth PX220401090000 Have you had difficulty keeping your teeth clean because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Difficulty_Eating PX220401060000 Have you Had difficulty eating foods you would like to eat because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Difficulty_Words PX220401080000 Have you had difficulty saying certain words because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Discolored_Teeth PX220401020000 Have you Had discolored teeth or spots on your teeth because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Felt_Attractive PX220401190000 Have you felt that you were attractive (good looking) because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Felt_Look_Different PX220401130000 Have you felt that you look different because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Felt_WorriedAnxious PX220401110000 Have felt worried or anxious because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Missed_School PX220401160000 Have you missed school for any reason because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Toothache PX220401010000 Have you had pain in your teeth/toothache because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Trouble_Sleeping PX220401070000 Have you Had trouble sleeping because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Unhappy_BeenSad PX220401100000 Have you been unhappy or sad because of your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Worried_WhatPeopleThink PX220401140000 Have you been worried about what other people think about your teeth, mouth, or face? 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Child Oral Health Pain

Release Date:

April 30, 2015

Definition

A measure to assess oral pain and related quality of life in children.

Purpose

This measure can be used to determine the effects of a child’s oral health on his or her quality of life.

Keywords

Pain, pediatric, childhood, toddler, adolescent, quality of life, QOL, orthodontics, craniofacial, Oral Health-Related Quality of Life, OHRQoL, cleft lip, cleft palate, dental, facial image, Child Oral Health Impact Profile, COHIP