Protocol - Disability Index
The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI ©) version 2.1a is a 10-item proprietary self-administered questionnaire that asks questions regarding how an individual’s back (or leg) trouble affects the ability to perform routine daily activities.
The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI ©) is a proprietary instrument and is available from the PROQOLID database.
Jeremy Fairbank is the owner of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI ©) and version 2.1a of the instrument is available from the PROQOLID database (www.proqolid.org). Registration, as well as a user agreement, may be required for database access. Additionally, depending upon the type of research, a fee may be charged. The PROQOLID database was created by Mapi Research Trust, 2001-2014, All rights reserved.
Each item of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI ©) focuses on a certain activity such as walking, lifting, and personal care (i.e., washing, dressing etc.). The respondent reports how their back (or leg) trouble has affected their ability to perform each of the activities on the day the ODI © is completed.
Protocol Name from Source:
Personnel and Training Required
The interviewer should be trained and qualified to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population.
|Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection||No|
|Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual||No|
Mode of Administration
Adults, ages 18 and older
The Rare Genetic Conditions Working Group selected the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI ©) because it has high reproducibility, is widely used, has low participant and provider burden, and addresses pain and scoliosis.
|Common Data Elements (CDE)||Disability Index Value||4798044||CDE Browser|
|Human Phenotype Ontology||Poor fine motor coordination||HP:0007010||HPO|
|Human Phenotype Ontology||Difficulty walking||HP:0002355||HPO|
Process and Review
Fairbank, J. C., & Pynsent, P. B. (2000). The Oswestry Disability Index. Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 25(22), 2940-2952.
Baker, D. J., Pynsent, P. B. & Fairbank, JCT (1989). The Oswestry Disability Index revisited. In Roland Jenner, Jr. (Ed.), Back pain: New approaches to rehabilitation and education (pp. 174-186). Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Carreon, L. Y., Glassman, S. D., & Howard, J. (2008). Fusion and nonsurgical treatment for symptomatic lumbar degenerative disease: A systematic review of Oswestry Disability Index and MOS Short Form-36 outcomes. Spine Journal, 8(5), 747-755.
Fairbank, J. C. (2014). Why are there different versions of the Oswestry Disability Index? Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine, 20(1), 83-86.
Fairbank, J. C. T., Couper, J., Davies, J. B., & O’Brien, J. P. (1980). The Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire. Physiotherapy, 66, 271-273.
|Variable Name||Variable ID||Variable Description||dbGaP Mapping|
|PX220601000000||Protocol 220601 - proprietary. Check DCW for more||N/A|
April 30, 2015
This index is used to assess an individual’s ability to perform routine, daily activities.
This measure can be used to investigate the impact of having a disability on an individual’s daily activities and quality of life.
Oswestry Disability Index, ODI, quality of life, QOL, pain, spine, scoliosis, disability, proprietary