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Protocol - Substance Abuse and Dependence - Past Year - Tobacco

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Description:

In a face-to-face interview, the respondent is asked several questions about nicotine dependence during the past 12 months. These responses correspond with criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) (American Psychiatric Association, 1994). The questions encompass nicotine from any source (e.g., cigarettes, cigars, a pipe, snuff, or chewing tobacco).

Protocol:

Section 3A - Tobacco Use

Column a

Column b

8a. The next few questions are about experiences that many people have had with using tobacco, including cigarettes, cigars, a pipe, snuff, or chewing tobacco. As I read each experience, please tell me if it has EVER happened to you as a result of using ANY of these types of tobacco.

In your ENTIRE LIFE, did you EVER…(PAUSE)

(Repeat phrase frequently)

b. Did this happen in the last 12 months?

(1) More than once want to cut down on your tobacco use?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b1]

(2) Give up or cut down on activities that you were interested in or that gave you pleasure because tobacco use was not permitted at the activity?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b2]

(3) Give up or cut down on activities that were important to you — like associating with friends or relatives or attending social activities - because tobacco use was not permitted at the activity?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b3]

(4) Continue to use tobacco even though you knew it was causing you a health problem or making a health problem worse?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b4]

(5) Find yourself (chain smoking/using one pinch or plug of snuff or chewing tobacco right after another)?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b5]

(6) More than once try to stop or cut down on your tobacco use but found you couldn’t do it?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b6]

(7) Many people experience problems on occasions when they stop or cut down on their tobacco use.

After stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use, did you EVER…

(a) Feel depressed?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b7a]
(b) Have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b7b]
(c) Have difficulty concentrating?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b7c]
(d) Eat more than usual or gain weight?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b7d]
(e) Become easily irritated, angry, or frustrated?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b7e]
(f) Feel anxious or nervous?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b7f]
(g) Feel your heart beating more slowly than usual?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b7g]
(h) Feel more restless than usual?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to Check
Item 3.4

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b7h]

CHECK ITEM 3.4

Are at least 2 items marked "Yes" in column b, 7(a) - 7(h)?

1 [ ] Yes - Go to 7(i)

2 [ ] No - SKIP to (8)

(i) You just mentioned that you had some experiences after stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use in the last 12 months. Were any of these experiences very uncomfortable or upsetting to you or did they cause problems in your life — like at work or school or with family or friends?

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b7i]
(j) Did you use tobacco in the last 12 months to keep from having any of these experiences?

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b7j]

(8) Wake up in the middle of the night to use tobacco?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b8]

(9) Often use tobacco just after getting up or shortly after getting up in the morning?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b9]

(10) Find yourself using tobacco JUST AFTER being in a situation where tobacco use was not permitted - like after being on a plane, at a meeting, or shopping at the mall?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b10]

(11) Find that you had to use much more tobacco than you once did to get the effect you wanted?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b11]

(12) Increase your use of tobacco by at least 50 percent?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b12]

(13) Have a period when you often used tobacco more than you intended to?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b13]

(14) Continue to use tobacco even though it made you nervous, jittery, anxious, or depressed?

1 [ ] Yes →

2 [ ] No - Go to next experience

1 [ ] Yes

2 [ ] No

[s3aq8b14]

Scoring Procedure and Interpretation

The scoring algorithms were reverse-engineered and further validated by members of the Substance Abuse and Addiction Scientific Panel and Working Group, and the results from the algorithms were found to match* the nicotine dependence diagnoses reported in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) (Saha et al., 2010; Muthen & Asparouhov, 2006).

The variable names used in the following SAS code for nicotine dependence diagnosis correspond to the variable names shown in blue from the protocol text. The algorithms are derived from published work by NESARC investigators (Grant et al., 2004), and they are provided to assist with derivation of estimates from NESARC.

The SAS code creates NESARC-compatible dichotomous variables (with values 0 = negative and 1 = positive) for past-year nicotine dependence diagnostic criteria (p12tolerance, p12withdrawal_v2, p12intend, p12quit, p12giveup, p12time, and p12problems) and past-year nicotine dependence diagnosis (dsm4depend_p12). The nicotine withdrawal algorithm, shown below as p12withdrawal_v2, may not directly relate to withdrawal based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) (American Psychiatric Association, 1994). All other diagnostic criteria algorithms are directly based on DSM-IV. Nicotine withdrawal according to Criterion B of DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) may be captured by using p12withdrawal_dsm alone.

* For p12tolerance, a 1% difference was noted between the publication (Saha et al., 2010) and the reverse-engineered algorithm results.

SAS code

********************Dependence items******************;

p12tolerance = (s3aq8b11=1) or (s3aq8b12=1);

p12withdrawal_total = ((s3aq8b7a=1)+(s3aq8b7b=1)+(s3aq8b7c=1)+(s3aq8b7d=1)+(s3aq8b7e=1)+(s3aq8b7f=1)+(s3aq8b7g=1)+(s3aq8b7h=1));

p12withdrawal_v1=(p12withdrawal_total>3);

p12withdrawal_v2=(p12withdrawal_v1=1 or (s3aq8b7j=1 or s3aq8b8=1 or s3aq8b9=1 or s3aq8b10=1));

p12withdrawal_dsm=(p12withdrawal_v1=1 or s3aq8b7j=1);

p12intend = (s3aq8b13=1);

p12quit = (s3aq8b1=1 or s3aq8b6=1);

p12giveup = (s3aq8b2=1 or s3aq8b3=1);

p12time = (s3aq8b5=1);

p12problems = (s3aq8b4=1 or s3aq8b14=1);

***********Past 12-month dependence diagnosis***;

dsm4depend_total_p12=p12tolerance+p12withdrawal_v2+p12intend+p12quit+p12giveup+p12time+p12problems;

dsm4depend_p12 =(dsm4depend_total_p12 ge 3);

Protocol Name from Source:

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

Interviewer must be trained and found to be competent to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. Specifically, the 2-week AUDADIS training covers directed self-study, intensive classroom training, and practice interviewing. The interviewer should be trained to prompt respondents further if a "don’t know" response is provided.

Equipment Needs

Although the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-IV (AUDADIS-IV) instrument was developed for administration by computer, the PhenX Working Group acknowledges that these questions can be administered in a noncomputerized format. Hasin et al. (1997) and Grant et al. (1995) used the AUDADIS in paper-and-pencil format; Grant et al. (2003) obtained data with the computerized format.

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training Yes
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual Yes
Mode of Administration

Interviewer-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adult

Participants:

>18 years of age

Specific Instructions:

Questions concerning past 12-month nicotine experiences are found in Section 3A (questions 8-11) of the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule - Fourth Edition Version (AUDADIS-IV). The questions and check items have not been renumbered, so the protocol text starts with question "8." Note that not all questions are administered to all respondents because of skip patterns in AUDADIS-IV. These questions are asked if a respondent had affirmatively answered the first question in the "Tobacco - Smoking Status" measure from the Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances domain, such that never smokers skip Section 3A entirely. Variable names, shown in blue, are used in the scoring algorithm for nicotine dependence diagnosis in the past 12 months.

The Substance Abuse and Addiction Working Group acknowledges that the following questions may gather sensitive information relating to the use of substances and/or illegal conduct. If the information is released, it might be damaging to an individual’s employability, lead to social stigmatization, or lead to other consequences.

Most researchers assure confidentiality as part of their informed consent process, as required by their institutional review boards. When assessing minors with these questions, it may be necessary to obtain informed consent from a parent of the adolescent. Further assurance of confidentiality may be obtained by applying to National Institutes of Health (NIH) for a Certificate of Confidentiality, which helps researchers protect the privacy of human research participants. The procedures for the Certificate of Confidentiality can be found at the Grants Policy website of the NIH: http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/policy/coc/index.htm.

Selection Rationale

The Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-Fourth Edition Version (AUDADIS-IV) is a fully structured diagnostic interview for alcohol and substance use disorders and their associated disabilities. AUDADIS-IV was designed by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) to be administered by lay interviewers. Questions from the AUDADIS-IV were chosen because this protocol has been used in an established epidemiological study of adults with a wide age range and different races and ethnicities (National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, NESARC). AUDADIS-IV questions have been validated and psychometrically tested.

Language

English, Spanish

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Substance Abuse Tobacco Use Past Year Questionnaire Assessment Description Text 3466871 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Wave 1 (NESARC-WAVE 1). Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition Version (AUDADIS-IV). Section 3A Tobacco Use, Questions 8-11.

Grant, B. F., Dawson, D. A., Stinson, F. S., Chou, P. S., Kay, W., & Pickering, R. (2003) The Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-IV (AUDADIS-IV): Reliability of alcohol consumption, tobacco use, family history of depression and psychiatric diagnostic modules in a general population sample. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 71(1), 7-16.

The reverse-engineering of the scoring algorithms reflects a collaborative effort, particularly between Dr. Arpana Agrawal (Washington University in St. Louis, Substance Abuse and Addiction Scientific Panel Member) and Alvaro Verges from the research group of Dr. Kenneth Sher (University of Missouri, Substance Abuse and Addiction Scientific Panel Chair).

General References

American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC.

Canino, G., Bravo, M., Ramirez, R., Febo, V. E., Rubio-Stipec, M., Fernandez, R. L., & Hasin, D. (1999). The Spanish Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule (AUDADIS): Reliability and concordance with clinical diagnoses in a Hispanic population. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 60(6), 790-799.

Grant, B. F., Harford, T. C., Dawson, D. A., Chou, P. S., & Pickering, R. P. (1995). The Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule (AUDADIS): Reliability of alcohol and drug modules in a general population sample. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 39(1), 37-44.

Grant, B. F., Hasin, D. S., Chou, S. P., Stinson, F. S., & Dawson, D. A. (2004). Nicotine dependence and psychiatric disorders in the United States: Results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Archives of General Psychiatry, 61(11), 1107-1115.

Grant, B. F., & Towle, L. (1990). Standardized diagnostic interviews for alcohol research. Alcohol Health and Research World, 14(4), 340-348.

Hasin, D., Carpenter, K. M., McCloud, S., Smith, M., & Grant, B. F. (1997). The Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule (AUDADIS): Reliability of alcohol and drug modules in a clinical sample. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 44(2-3), 133-141.

Muthen, B., & Asparouhov, T. (2006). Item response mixture modeling: Application to tobacco dependence criteria. Addictive Behaviors, 31(6), 1050-1066.

Saha, T. D., Compton, W. M., Pulay, A. J., Stinson, F. S., Ruan, W. J., & Grant, B. F. (2010). Dimensionality of DSM-IV nicotine dependence in a national sample: An item response theory application. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 108(1-2), 21-28.

Ruan, W. J., Goldstein, R. B., Chou, S. P., Smith, S. M., Saha, T. D., Pickering, R. P., Dawson, D. A., Huang, B., Stinson, F. S., & Grant, B. F. (2008). The Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule-IV (AUDADIS-IV): Reliability of new psychiatric diagnostic modules and risk factors in a general population sample. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 92(1-3), 27-36.

Protocol ID:

510403

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX510403_After_Stopping_Angry_Frustrated PX510403070501 After stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use, did you EVER... Become easily irritated, angry, or frustrated? 4 N/A
PX510403_After_Stopping_Angry_Frustrated_Last12Months PX510403070502 After stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use, did you EVER... Become easily irritated, angry, or frustrated? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_After_Stopping_Anxious_Nervous PX510403070601 After stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use, did you EVER... Feel anxious or nervous? 4 N/A
PX510403_After_Stopping_Anxious_Nervous_Last12Months PX510403070602 After stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use, did you EVER... Feel anxious or nervous? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_After_Stopping_Depressed PX510403070101 After stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use, did you EVER... Feel depressed 4 N/A
PX510403_After_Stopping_Depressed_Last12Months PX510403070102 After stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use, did you EVER... Feel depressed Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_After_Stopping_Difficulty_Concentrating PX510403070301 After stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use, did you EVER... Have difficulty concentrating? 4 N/A
PX510403_After_Stopping_Difficulty_Concentrating_Last12Months PX510403070302 After stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use, did you EVER... Have difficulty concentrating? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_After_Stopping_Gain_Weight PX510403070401 After stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use, did you EVER... Eat more than usual or gain weight? 4 N/A
PX510403_After_Stopping_Gain_Weight_Last12Months PX510403070402 After stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use, did you EVER... Eat more than usual or gain weight? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_After_Stopping_Restless PX510403070801 After stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use, did you EVER... Feel more restless than usual? 4 N/A
PX510403_After_Stopping_Restless_Last12Months PX510403070802 After stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use, did you EVER... Feel more restless than usual? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_After_Stopping_Sleepless PX510403070201 After stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use, did you EVER... Have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep? 4 N/A
PX510403_After_Stopping_Sleepless_Last12Months PX510403070202 After stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use, did you EVER... Have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_After_Stopping_Slow_Heartbeat PX510403070701 After stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use, did you EVER... Feel your heart beating more slowly than usual? 4 N/A
PX510403_After_Stopping_Slow_Heartbeat_Last12Months PX510403070702 After stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use, did you EVER... Feel your heart beating more slowly than usual? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_Chain_Smoking_Last12Months PX510403050200 In your ENTIRE LIFE, did you EVER... (PAUSE) Find yourself chain smoking/using one pinch or plug of snuff or chewing tobacco right after another.? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_Check_Item PX510403070900 CHECK ITEM 3.4: Are at least 2 items marked "yes" in column b, 7 a. - 7 h.? 4 N/A
PX510403_Continue_Tobacco_HealthProblems_Last12Months PX510403040200 In your ENTIRE LIFE, did you EVER... (PAUSE) Continue to use tobacco even though you knew it was causing you a health problem or making a health problem worse? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_Continue_Tobacco_Made_Nervous PX510403140100 Continue to use tobacco even though it made you nervous, jittery, anxious, or depressed? 4 N/A
PX510403_Continue_Tobacco_Made_Nervous_Last12Months PX510403140200 Continue to use tobacco even though it made you nervous, jittery, anxious, or depressed? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_CouldNot_CutOut_Tobacco_Last12Months PX510403060200 In your ENTIRE LIFE, did you EVER... (PAUSE) More than once try to stop or cut down on your tobacco use but found you couldn't do it? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_CutDown_ImportantActivities_TobaccoUse_NotPermitted_Last12Months PX510403030200 In your ENTIRE LIFE, did you EVER... (PAUSE) Give up or cut down on activities that were important to you - like associating with friends or relatives or attending social activities - because tobacco use was not permitted at the activity? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_CutDown_InterestingActivities_TobaccoUse_NotPermitted_Last12Months PX510403020200 In your ENTIRE LIFE, did you EVER... (PAUSE) Give up or cut down on activities that you were interested in or that gave you pleasure because tobacco use was not permitted at the activity? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_EntireLife_Chain_Smoking PX510403050100 In your ENTIRE LIFE, did you EVER... (PAUSE) Find yourself chain smoking/using one pinch or plug of snuff or chewing tobacco right after another.? 4 N/A
PX510403_EntireLife_Continue_Tobacco_HealthProblems PX510403040100 In your ENTIRE LIFE, did you EVER... (PAUSE) Continue to use tobacco even though you knew it was causing you a health problem or making a health problem worse? 4 N/A
PX510403_EntireLife_CouldNot_CutOut_Tobacco PX510403060100 In your ENTIRE LIFE, did you EVER... (PAUSE) More than once try to stop or cut down on your tobacco use but found you couldn't do it? 4 Variable Mapping
PX510403_EntireLife_CutDown_ImportantActivities_TobaccoUse_NotPermitted PX510403030100 In your ENTIRE LIFE, did you EVER... (PAUSE) Give up or cut down on activities that were important to you - like associating with friends or relatives or attending social activities - because tobacco use was not permitted at the activity? 4 N/A
PX510403_EntireLife_CutDown_InterestingActivities_TobaccoUse_NotPermitted PX510403020100 In your ENTIRE LIFE, did you EVER... (PAUSE) Give up or cut down on activities that you were interested in or that gave you pleasure because tobacco use was not permitted at the activity? 4 N/A
PX510403_EntireLife_WantTo_CutDown_TobaccoUse PX510403010100 In your ENTIRE LIFE, did you EVER... (PAUSE) More than once want to cut down on your tobacco use? 4 N/A
PX510403_Experiences_CauseProblems_WorkSchool PX510403071001 You just mentioned that you had some experiences after stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use in the last 12 months. Were any of these experiences very uncomfortable or upsetting to you or did they cause problems in your life - like at work or school or with family or friends? 4 N/A
PX510403_Experiences_CauseProblems_WorkSchool_Last12Months PX510403071002 You just mentioned that you had some experiences after stopping or cutting down on your tobacco use in the last 12 months. Were any of these experiences very uncomfortable or upsetting to you or did they cause problems in your life - like at work or school or with family or friends? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_Use_50Percent_More_Tobacco PX510403120100 Increase your use of tobacco by at least 50 percent? 4 N/A
PX510403_Use_50Percent_More_Tobacco_Last12Months PX510403120200 Increase your use of tobacco by at least 50 percent? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_Use_More_Tobacco_Effect PX510403110100 Find that you had to use much more tobacco than you once did to get the effect you wanted? 4 N/A
PX510403_Use_More_Tobacco_Effect_Last12Months PX510403110200 Find that you had to use much more tobacco than you once did to get the effect you wanted? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_Use_More_Tobacco_ThanIntended PX510403130100 Have a period when you often used tobacco more than you intended to? 4 Variable Mapping
PX510403_Use_More_Tobacco_ThanIntended_Last12Months PX510403130200 Have a period when you often used tobacco more than you intended to? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_Use_Tobacco_Just_After PX510403100100 Find yourself using tobacco JUST AFTER being in a situation where tobacco use was not permitted - like after being on a plane, at a meeting, or shopping at the mall? 4 N/A
PX510403_Use_Tobacco_Just_After_Last12Months PX510403100200 Find yourself using tobacco JUST AFTER being in a situation where tobacco use was not permitted - like after being on a plane, at a meeting, or shopping at the mall? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_Use_Tobacco_Prevent_Problems PX510403071101 Did you use tobacco in the last 12 months to keep from having any of these experiences? 4 N/A
PX510403_Use_Tobacco_Upon_Waking PX510403090100 Often use tobacco just after getting up or shortly after getting up in the morning? 4 N/A
PX510403_Use_Tobacco_Upon_Waking_Last12Months PX510403090200 Often use tobacco just after getting up or shortly after getting up in the morning? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_Wake_Up_Use_Tobacco PX510403080100 Wake up in the middle of the night to use tobacco? 4 N/A
PX510403_Wake_Up_Use_Tobacco_Last12Months PX510403080200 Wake up in the middle of the night to use tobacco? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
PX510403_WantTo_CutDown_TobaccoUse_Last12Months PX510403010200 In your ENTIRE LIFE, did you EVER... (PAUSE) More than once want to cut down on your tobacco use? Did this happen in the last 12 months? 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Substance Abuse and Dependence - Past Year

Release Date:

June 7, 2012

Definition

Interviewer-administered questions to determine whether the respondent has experienced symptoms of alcohol abuse and dependence, nicotine dependence, or substance abuse and dependence in the past year (i.e., past 12 months).

Purpose

This measure uses the 12-month criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), to evaluate alcohol abuse and dependence, nicotine dependence, or substance abuse and dependence.

Keywords

Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule, AUDADIS, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIAAA, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder, DSM-5, National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, NESARC