Protocol - Fluoride Use
These questions address fluoride use by adults and children. The participant is asked about the use of fluoridated toothpaste and dietary fluoride supplements.
The Working Group recommends that interviewers should be instructed to establish and document the biological or familial relationship between the respondent and family member.
1a. Does anyone in the family use toothpaste with fluoride?
1[ ]Yes (Go to question 1b)
2[ ]No (Go to question 2)
9[ ]Dont Know (Go to question 2)
1b. Who is this? ___________________________
1c. Anyone else?
If yes, Re-ask 1b and 1c
2. [Doctors or dentists may prescribe or provide tablets, drops, or supplements with fluoride in them. (Sometimes these are given at school.)]
Does [childs name] now take vitamins with FLUORIDE in them or any other kind of FLUORIDE tablets, drops, or supplements?
9[ ]Dont Know
Protocol Name from Source
Personnel and Training Required
The interviewer must be trained to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. The interviewer must be trained and found to be competent (i.e., tested by an expert) at the completion of personal interviews.* The interviewer should be trained to prompt respondents further if a "dont know" response is provided.
*There are multiple modes to administer these questions (e.g., paper-and-pencil and computer-assisted interviews).
|Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection||No|
|Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual||No|
Mode of Administration
Infant, Toddler, Child, Adolescent, Adult, Senior, Pregnancy
Participants ≥18 years of age respond for themselves and all members of their family.
The protocol from a national study includes questions about the respondents use of fluoride, including fluoride toothpaste and the use of dietary fluoride supplements prescribed by a dentist or physician.
|Common Data Elements (CDE)||Person Fluoride Use Text||2966467||CDE Browser|
|Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)||Oral fluoride use proto||62588-9||LOINC|
|Human Phenotype Ontology||Hypomineralization of enamel||HP:0006285||HPO|
Process and Review
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). (1983). Dental Care. Questions N4a–c (questions 1a–c).
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). (1989). Dental Care. Question P8 (question 2).
|Variable Name||Variable ID||Variable Description||dbGaP Mapping|
|PX080601010100||Does anyone in the family use toothpaste more||N/A|
|PX080601010200||Who is this?||N/A|
|PX080601020000||Does [child's name] now take vitamins with more||N/A|
December 30, 2009
A measure to assess fluoride exposure from fluoride toothpaste and dietary fluoride supplements.
Fluoride is known to prevent tooth decay.
Oral health, Fluoride, Fluoride exposure, Dental care, National Health Interview Survey