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Protocol - Birthplace

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Description

The respondent completes the self-administered questionnaire by indicating his or her place of birth. If he or she was born in the United States, an additional question captures the state, if known. If he or she was not born in the United States, another open-ended question asks for this location.

Specific Instructions

None

Protocol

The following question has been revised from the original. Where were you born?

[ ] In the United States - Print name of state

­­­­­­­­­____________________________________

[ ] Outside the United States - Print U.S. Territory (e.g., Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam) or name of foreign country, etc.

____________________________________

Availability

Available

Personnel and Training Required

This question may be self-administered (as in the source protocol) or administered by an interviewer with a paper-and-pencil or computer-assisted interview. The interviewer must be trained to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. The interviewer must be trained and found to be competent (i.e., tested by an expert) at the completion of personal interviews.* The interviewer should be trained to prompt respondents further if a "don’t know" response is provided.

* There are multiple modes to administer this question (e.g., paper-and-pencil and computer-assisted interviews).

Equipment Needs

Either a paper-and-pencil or computer-assisted instrument may be used. If a computer-assisted instrument is used, computer software may be necessary to develop the instrument. The interviewer will require a laptop computer or handheld computer to administer a computer-assisted questionnaire.

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered or interviewer-administered questionnaire

Lifestage

Infant, Toddler, Child, Adolescent, Adult, Senior, Pregnancy

Participants

Any age. A proxy may also provide this information.

Selection Rationale

Birthplace can be informative of a respondent’s race/ethnicity and ancestry. Open-ended response was preferred to a coded list of countries.

Language

Chinese, English, Spanish

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Birthplace proto 63046-7 LOINC
caDSR Form PhenX PX010201 - Birthplace 5791046 caDSR Form
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel #2 (ERP 2) reviewed the measures in the Demographics, Environmental Exposures, and Social Environments domains.

Guidance from ERP 2 includes:

• No significant changes to measure

Back-compatible: no changes to Data Dictionary

Previous version in Toolkit archive (link)

Protocol Name from Source

American Community Survey (ACS), 2008

Source

U.S. Census Bureau. (2008). American Community Survey (ACS), 2008. Washington, DC: Author. Question number: Person 1, #7.

General References

Public Population Project in Genomics (P3G) Data Schema and Harmonization Platform for Epidemiological Research (DataSHaPER).

U.S. Census Bureau. (2007). 2006 American Community Survey Content Test Report P.1. Evaluation report covering place of birth, U.S. citizenship status, and year of arrival. Washington, DC: Author.

Protocol ID

10201

Variables
Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
PX010201_Birthplace
PX010201010000 Where were you born? Variable Mapping
PX010201_Birthplace_Location
PX010201020000 Where were you born? In the United States - more
Print name of state. Outside the United States - Print U.S. Territory (e.g., Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam) or name of foreign country etc. show less
Variable Mapping
Demographics
Measure Name

Birthplace

Release Date

February 6, 2009

Definition

Question asking the respondent in what country he or she was born.

Purpose

Birthplace is requested to determine if the individual was born in the United States, in a U.S. Territory, or in a foreign country. Large national surveys like the U.S. Census and American Community Survey (ACS) use birthplace data to quantify immigration.

Keywords

birthplace, Demographics, ancestry, immigration, place of birth, country of birth, American Community Survey, ACS, U.S. Census Bureau, immigrant health

Measure Protocols
Protocol ID Protocol Name
10201 Birthplace
Publications

Crusan, A., et al. (2023) Using Community-Based Participatory Research Methods to Inform the Development of Medically Tailored Food Kits for Hispanic/Latine Adults with Hypertension: A Qualitative Study. Nutrients. 2023 August; 15(16): 3600. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu15163600

Bart, T. A., et al. (2023) Measurement invariance of commonly used psychosis-screening scales in US Spanish- and English-speaking Hispanic participants. Psychological Assessment. 2023 April; 35(4): 300-310. doi: 10.1037/pas0001207

Chan, N. W., et al. (2022) Social determinants of health data in solid organ transplantation: National data sources and future directions. Am J Transplant. 2022 October; 22(10): 2293-2301. doi: 10.1111/ajt.17096

Pomeroy, A., et al. (2022) Protocol for a Longitudinal Study of the Determinants of Metabolic Syndrome Risk in Young Adults. Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine. 2022 April; 7(2): 8. doi: 10.1249/tjx.0000000000000197

Brown, L. D., et al. (2022) Addressing Hispanic Obesity Disparities Using a Community Health Worker Model Grounded in Motivational Interviewing. American Journal of Health Promotion. 2022 February; 36(2): 259-268. doi: 10.1177/08901171211049679

Schettini, E., et al. (2021) Internalizing-externalizing comorbidity and regional brain volumes in the ABCD study. Development and Psychopathology. 2021 December; 33(5): 1620-1633.

Barch, D. M., et al. (2021) Demographic and mental health assessments in the adolescent brain and cognitive development study: Updates and age-related trajectories. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 2021 December; 52: 101031. doi: 10.1016/j.dcn.2021.101031

Barch, D. M., et al. (2018) Demographic, physical and mental health assessments in the adolescent brain and cognitive development study: Rationale and description. Dev Cogn Neurosci. 2018 August; 32: 55-66. doi: 10.1016/j.dcn.2017.10.010

Kwok, R. K., et al. (2017) The GuLF STUDY: A Prospective Study of Persons Involved in the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Response and Clean-Up. Environ Health Perspect. 2017 April; 125(4): 570-578. doi: 10.1289/EHP715

McCarty, C.A., Berg, R., Rottscheit, C.M., Waudby, C.J., Kitchner, T., Brilliant, M., Ritchie, M.D. (2014) Validation of PhenX measures in the personalized medicine research project for use in gene/environment studies. BMC Med Genomics. 2014 January; 7: 3. doi: 10.1186/1755-8794-7-3