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Protocol - Eye Diseases and Treatment in Young Children

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Description:

A series of 20 questions administered to parents to assess whether or not their child has/had any eye diseases and treatments. There are also questions addressing family history of eye disease.

Specific Instructions:

None

Protocol:

1. During the past 12 months have you noticed (name of child) frequently squinting?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

2. During the past 12 months has (name of child) had difficulty drawing or coloring?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no

3[ ]unable to color

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

3. During the past 12 months has (name of child) appeared to have difficulty seeing?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

4. Does (name of child) close one eye when he/she is in bright sun light?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

5. Does (name of child) close or cover one eye when he/she is concentrating?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

6. When was (name of child)s last complete eye examination, one that included dilating of pupils where the doctor used bright lights to look in the back of his/her eyes? (this would have made the child temporarily sensitive to bright light)

1[ ]within past 12 months

2[ ]1-3 years ago

3[ ]3-5 years ago

4[ ]never

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

7. Has a doctor ever told you that (name of child) had amblyopia, that is poor vision that cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no (skip to Q9)

8[ ]refused (skip to Q9)

9[ ]dont know (skip to Q9)

a. Was that his/her...

1[ ]right eye

2[ ]left eye

3[ ]both

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

8. Has the child ever been treated in the past for amblyopia, that is poor vision that cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses, or needing to wear an eye patch?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

9. Do or did any of his/her relatives have amblyopia that is, poor vision that cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no (skip to Q10a)

8[ ]refused (skip to Q11)

9[ ]dont know (skip to Q11)

10a. Which relative(s)? We are only interested in blood relatives.

(READ CATEGORIES AND CODE ALL THAT APPLY)

1[ ]mother

2[ ]father

3[ ]both parents

4[ ]sister (ask Q10b)

5[ ]brother (ask Q10b)

6[ ]grandparents (ask Q10b)

7[ ]other relative (specify:_____________) (ask Q10b)

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

10b. How many of his/her (relative) have, had, or were suspected of having amblyopia?

(code refused as 8, dont know as 9)

___ sisters

___ brothers

___ grandparents

___ other relatives

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

11. Does (name of child) have strabismus — that is one or both eyes are turned in, or turned out, or up or down, or crossed or wall eyes?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no (skip to Q13)

8[ ]refused (skip to Q13)

9[ ]dont know (skip to Q13)

a. Was that his/her.....

(READ CATEGORIES)

1[ ]right eye

2[ ]left eye

3[ ]both

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

12. Has (name of child) ever been treated for his/her strabismus that is if one or both eyes are turned in, or turned out, or up or down?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no (skip to Q13)

8[ ]refused (skip to Q13)

9[ ]dont know (skip to Q13)

12a. What treatment did (name of child) receive?

1[ ]glasses or contact lenses

2[ ]patching

3[ ]eye drops

4[ ]vision therapy

5[ ]eye muscle surgery

6[ ]botulinum injections

7[ ]other (specify:_________)

8[ ]none

88[ ]refused

99[ ]dont know

13. Do or did any of his/her relatives have strabismus that is if one or both eyes are turned in, or turned out, or up or down?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no (skip to Q15)

8[ ]refused (skip to Q15)

9[ ]dont know (skip to Q15)

14a. Which relative(s)? We are only interested in blood relatives

(READ CATEGORIES AND CODE ALL THAT APPLY)

1[ ]mother

2[ ]father

3[ ]both parents

4[ ]sister (ask Q14b)

5[ ]brother (ask Q14b)

6[ ]grandparents (ask Q14b)

7[ ]other relative (specify:_____________) (ask Q14b)

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

14b. How many of his/her (relative) have, had, or were suspected of having strabismus?

(code refused as 8, dont know as 9)

___ sisters

___ brothers

___ grandparents

___ other relatives

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

15. Has a doctor ever told you that (name of child) has myopia (nearsightedness) or needs to wear glasses to see far away?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no (skip to Q17)

8[ ]refused (skip to Q17)

9[ ]dont know (skip to Q17)

a. Was that his/her...

(READ CATEGORIES)

1[ ]right eye

2[ ]left eye

3[ ]both

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

16. Has name of child ever been treated for his/her myopia (nearsightedness)?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no (skip to Q17)

8[ ]refused (skip to Q17)

9[ ]dont know (skip to Q17)

a. What treatment did (name of child) receive?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no

3[ ]glasses or contact lenses

4[ ]none

5[ ]other (specify:_______)

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

b. In the past 12 months, how many times has he/she seen an eye doctor for his/her myopia (nearsightedness)?

_____ # times

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

17. Do or did any of his/her relative have myopia or (nearsightedness)?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no (skip to Q19)

8[ ]refused (skip to Q19)

9[ ]dont know (skip to Q19)

18a. Which relative(s)? We are only interested in blood relatives.

(READ CATEGORIES AND CODE ALL THAT APPLY)

1[ ]mother

2[ ]father

3[ ]both parents

4[ ]sister (ask Q18b)

5[ ]brother (ask Q18b)

6[ ]grandparents (ask Q18b)

7[ ]other relative (specify:_____________) (ask Q18b)

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

18b. How many of his/her (relative) have, or had myopia or nearsightedness?

(code refused as 8, dont know as 9)

___ sisters

___ brothers

___ grandparents

___ other relatives

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

19. Does your child have or has (he/she) had any other eye or vision problems?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no (skip to end)

8[ ]refused (skip to end)

9[ ]dont know (skip to end)

a. What treatment did (name of child) receive?

Specify:________________

b. When did your child receive this treatment?

Date:_________

20. Has a doctor ever told you that (name of child, for each child) ever had:

a. cataract?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

(if yes) type of treatment:_________

(if yes) when:__________

b. glaucoma?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

(IF YES) type of treatment:_________

(IF YES) when:__________

c. retinopathy of prematurity?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

(IF YES) type of treatment:_________

(IF YES) when:__________

d. eye tumor/retinoblastoma?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

(IF YES) type of treatment:_________

(IF YES) when:__________

e. optic nerve hypoplasia?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

(IF YES) type of treatment:_________

(IF YES) when:__________

f. nasolacrimal duct obstruction?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

(IF YES) type of treatment:_________

(IF YES) when:__________

g. cortical visual impairment?

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

(IF YES) type of treatment:_________

(IF YES) when:__________

h. other? (specify:_________)

1[ ]yes

2[ ]no

8[ ]refused

9[ ]dont know

(IF YES) type of treatment:_________

(IF YES) when:__________

Protocol Name from Source:

Not applicable.

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

The interviewer must be trained to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. The interviewer must be trained and found to be competent (i.e. tested by an expert) at the completion of personal interviews.

Equipment Needs

Either a pencil and paper or computer-assisted instrument may be used. If a computer-assisted instrument is used, computer software may be necessary to develop the instrument. The interviewer will require a laptop computer/handheld computer to administer a computer-assisted questionnaire.

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Interviewer-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Infant, Toddler, Child

Participants:

Multi-Ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study (MEPEDS): administered to parents of children aged 6-72 months old

Baltimore Pediatric Eye Disease Study (BPEDS): administered to parents of children aged 6-60 months old

Selection Rationale

The protocols selected are from standard parental questionnaires used routinely in epidemiologic studies of ocular health in children. These protocols are current, and well-established.

Language

Cantonese Chinese, English, Mandarin Chinese, Spanish

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Child Eye Disorder Assessment 3007562 CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Eye diseases young children proto 62685-3 LOINC
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

Not applicable.

Source
University of Southern California, The Multi-Ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study (MEPEDS), 2002-2008.

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore Pediatric Eye Disease Study (BPEDS), 2003-2007.

BPEDS Clinic Interview- Section E: Ocular History
General References

Varma R, Deneen J, Cotter S, Paz SH, Azen SP, Tarczy-Hornoch K, Zhao P; Multi-Ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study Group. (2006). The multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study: design and methods. Ophthalmic Epidemiol, 13(4):253-62.

Multi-ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study Group. (2008). Prevalence of amblyopia and strabismus in African American and Hispanic children ages 6 to 72 months the multi-ethnic pediatric eye disease study. Ophthalmology, 115(7):1229-1236.

Epub 2007 Oct 22.

Friedman DS, Repka MX, Katz J, Giordano L, Ibironke J, Hawse P, Tielsch JM. (2009). Prevalence of amblyopia and strabismus in white and African American children aged 6 through 71 months the Baltimore Pediatric Eye Disease Study. Ophthalmology, 116(11):2128-34.

Protocol ID:

110401

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
PX110401_Amblyopia_Brother
PX110401100104 Do or did any of his/her brother have amblyopia? N/A
PX110401_Amblyopia_Ever
PX110401070100 Has a doctor ever told you that (name of more
child) had amblyopia, that is poor vision that cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses? show less
Variable Mapping
PX110401_Amblyopia_Eye
PX110401070200 Was that his/her...? N/A
PX110401_Amblyopia_Father
PX110401100102 Do or did his/her father have amblyopia? N/A
PX110401_Amblyopia_Grandparents
PX110401100105 Do or did any of his/her grandparents have more
amblyopia? show less
N/A
PX110401_Amblyopia_Mother
PX110401100101 Do or did his/her mother have amblyopia? N/A
PX110401_Amblyopia_Number_Brothers
PX110401100203 How many of his/her brothers have, had, or more
were suspected of having amblyopia? show less
N/A
PX110401_Amblyopia_Number_Brothers_Coded
PX110401100204 How many of his/her brothers have, had, or more
were suspected of having amblyopia? show less
N/A
PX110401_Amblyopia_Number_Grandparents
PX110401100205 How many of his/her grandparents have, had, more
or were suspected of having amblyopia? show less
N/A
PX110401_Amblyopia_Number_Grandparents_Coded
PX110401100206 How many of his/her grandparents have, had, more
or were suspected of having amblyopia? show less
N/A
PX110401_Amblyopia_Number_Other_Relatives
PX110401100207 How many of his/her other relatives have, more
had, or were suspected of having amblyopia? show less
N/A
PX110401_Amblyopia_Number_Other_Relatives_Coded
PX110401100208 How many of his/her other relatives have, more
had, or were suspected of having amblyopia? show less
N/A
PX110401_Amblyopia_Number_Sisters
PX110401100201 How many of his/her sisters have, had, or more
were suspected of having amblyopia? show less
N/A
PX110401_Amblyopia_Number_Sisters_Coded
PX110401100202 How many of his/her sisters have, had, or more
were suspected of having amblyopia? show less
N/A
PX110401_Amblyopia_Other_Relative
PX110401100106 Do or did any of his/her other relative have more
amblyopia? show less
N/A
PX110401_Amblyopia_Other_Relative_Specify
PX110401100107 Specify other relative. N/A
PX110401_Amblyopia_Relative
PX110401090000 Do or did any of his/her relatives have more
amblyopia that is, poor vision that cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses? show less
N/A
PX110401_Amblyopia_Sister
PX110401100103 Do or did any of his/her sister have amblyopia? N/A
PX110401_Amblyopia_Treatment_Ever
PX110401080000 Has the child ever been treated in the past more
for amblyopia, that is poor vision that cannot be corrected with glasses or contact lenses, or needing to wear an eye patch? show less
N/A
PX110401_Cataract_Ever
PX110401200101 Has a doctor ever told you that (name of more
child, for each child) ever had cataract? show less
N/A
PX110401_Cataract_Treatment_Date
PX110401200103 When did your child receive this treatment? N/A
PX110401_Cataract_Treatment_Type
PX110401200102 What treatment did (name of child) receive? N/A
PX110401_Close_One_Eye_Bright_Light
PX110401040000 Does (name of child) close one eye when more
he/she is in bright sun light? show less
N/A
PX110401_Close_One_Eye_Concentrating
PX110401050000 Does (name of child) close or cover one eye more
when he/she is concentrating? show less
N/A
PX110401_Cortical_Visual_Impairment_Ever
PX110401200701 Has a doctor ever told you that (name of more
child, for each child) ever had cortical visual impairment? show less
N/A
PX110401_Cortical_Visual_Impairment_Treatment_Date
PX110401200703 When did your child receive this treatment? N/A
PX110401_Cortical_Visual_Impairment_Treatment_Type
PX110401200702 What treatment did (name of child) receive? N/A
PX110401_Difficulty_Drawing_Coloring
PX110401020000 During the past 12 months has (name of more
child) had difficulty drawing or coloring? show less
N/A
PX110401_Difficulty_Seeing
PX110401030000 During the past 12 months has (name of more
child) appeared to have difficulty seeing? show less
N/A
PX110401_Eye_Examination_Include_Pupil_Dilating
PX110401060000 When was (name of child)'s last complete eye more
examination, one that included dilating of pupils where the doctor used bright lights to look in the back of his/her eyes? show less
N/A
PX110401_Eye_Tumor_Retinoblastoma_Ever
PX110401200401 Has a doctor ever told you that (name of more
child, for each child) ever had eye tumor/retinoblastoma? show less
N/A
PX110401_Eye_Tumor_Retinoblastoma_Treatment_Date
PX110401200403 When did your child receive this treatment? N/A
PX110401_Eye_Tumor_Retinoblastoma_Treatment_Type
PX110401200402 What treatment did (name of child) receive? N/A
PX110401_Frequently_Squinting
PX110401010000 During the past 12 months have you noticed more
(name of child) frequently squinting? show less
N/A
PX110401_Glaucoma_Ever
PX110401200201 Has a doctor ever told you that (name of more
child, for each child) ever had glaucoma? show less
N/A
PX110401_Glaucoma_Treatment_Date
PX110401200203 When did your child receive this treatment? N/A
PX110401_Glaucoma_Treatment_Type
PX110401200202 What treatment did (name of child) receive? N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Brother
PX110401180104 Do or did any of his/her brother have myopia more
or (nearsightedness)? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Ever
PX110401150100 Has a doctor ever told you that (name of more
child) has myopia (nearsightedness) or needs to wear glasses to see far away? show less
Variable Mapping
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Eye
PX110401150200 Was that his/her...? N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Father
PX110401180102 Do or did his/her father have myopia or more
(nearsightedness)? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Grandparents
PX110401180105 Do or did any of his/her grandparents have more
myopia or (nearsightedness)? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Mother
PX110401180101 Do or did his/her mother have myopia or more
(nearsightedness)? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Number_Brothers
PX110401180203 How many of his/her brothers have, or had more
myopia or nearsightedness? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Number_Brothers_Coded
PX110401180204 How many of his/her brothers have, or had more
myopia or nearsightedness? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Number_Grandparents
PX110401180205 How many of his/her grandparents have, or more
had myopia or nearsightedness? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Number_Grandparents_Coded
PX110401180206 How many of his/her grandparents have, or more
had myopia or nearsightedness? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Number_Other_Relatives
PX110401180207 How many of his/her other relatives have, or more
had myopia or nearsightedness? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Number_Other_Relatives_Coded
PX110401180208 How many of his/her other relatives have, or more
had myopia or nearsightedness? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Number_Sisters
PX110401180201 How many of his/her sisters have, or had more
myopia or nearsightedness? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Number_Sisters_Coded
PX110401180202 How many of his/her sisters have, or had more
myopia or nearsightedness? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Other_Relative
PX110401180106 Do or did any of his/her other relative have more
myopia or (nearsightedness)? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Other_Relative_Specify
PX110401180107 Specify other relative. N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Other_Treatment_Specify
PX110401160202 Specify other treatment. N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Relative
PX110401170000 Do or did any of his/her relative have more
myopia or (nearsightedness)? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Seeing_Doctor_Times
PX110401160300 In the past 12 months, how many times has more
he/she seen an eye doctor for his/her myopia (nearsightedness)? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Seeing_Doctor_Times_Coded
PX110401160301 In the past 12 months, how many times has more
he/she seen an eye doctor for his/her myopia (nearsightedness)? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Sister
PX110401180103 Do or did any of his/her sister have myopia more
or (nearsightedness)? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Treatment_Ever
PX110401160100 Has name of child ever been treated for more
his/her myopia (nearsightedness)? show less
N/A
PX110401_Myopia_Nearsightedness_Treatment_Type
PX110401160201 What treatment did (name of child) receive? N/A
PX110401_Nasolacrimal_Duct_Obstruction_Ever
PX110401200601 Has a doctor ever told you that (name of more
child, for each child) ever had nasolacrimal duct obstruction? show less
N/A
PX110401_Nasolacrimal_Duct_Obstruction_Treatment_Date
PX110401200603 When did your child receive this treatment? N/A
PX110401_Nasolacrimal_Duct_Obstruction_Treatment_Type
PX110401200602 What treatment did (name of child) receive? N/A
PX110401_Optic_Nerve_Hypoplasia_Ever
PX110401200501 Has a doctor ever told you that (name of more
child, for each child) ever had optic nerve hypoplasia? show less
N/A
PX110401_Optic_Nerve_Hypoplasia_Treatment_Date
PX110401200503 When did your child receive this treatment? N/A
PX110401_Optic_Nerve_Hypoplasia_Treatment_Type
PX110401200502 What treatment did (name of child) receive? N/A
PX110401_Other_Eye_Vision_Problem
PX110401190100 Does your child have or has (he/she) had any more
other eye or vision problems? show less
N/A
PX110401_Other_Eye_Vision_Problem_Treatment_Date
PX110401190300 When did your child receive this treatment? N/A
PX110401_Other_Eye_Vision_Problem_Treatment_Type
PX110401190200 What treatment did (name of child) receive? N/A
PX110401_Other_Told_By_Doctor_Ever
PX110401200801 Has a doctor ever told you that (name of more
child, for each child) ever had other? show less
N/A
PX110401_Other_Told_By_Doctor_Specify
PX110401200802 Specify other. N/A
PX110401_Other_Told_By_Doctor_Treatment_Date
PX110401200804 When did your child receive this treatment? N/A
PX110401_Other_Told_By_Doctor_Treatment_Type
PX110401200803 What treatment did (name of child) receive? N/A
PX110401_Retinopathy_Prematurity_Ever
PX110401200301 Has a doctor ever told you that (name of more
child, for each child) ever had retinopathy of prematurity? show less
Variable Mapping
PX110401_Retinopathy_Prematurity_Treatment_Date
PX110401200303 When did your child receive this treatment? N/A
PX110401_Retinopathy_Prematurity_Treatment_Type
PX110401200302 What treatment did (name of child) receive? N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Brother
PX110401140104 Do or did any of his/her brother have strabismus? N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Ever
PX110401110100 Does (name of child) have strabismus - that more
is one or both eyes are turned in, or turned out, or up or down, or crossed or wall eyes? show less
Variable Mapping
PX110401_Strabismus_Eye
PX110401110200 Was that his/her...? N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Father
PX110401140102 Do or did his/her father have strabismus? N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Grandparents
PX110401140105 Do or did any of his/her grandparents have more
strabismus? show less
N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Mother
PX110401140101 Do or did his/her mother have strabismus? N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Number_Brothers
PX110401140203 How many of his/her brothers have, had, or more
were suspected of having strabismus? show less
N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Number_Brothers_Coded
PX110401140204 How many of his/her brothers have, had, or more
were suspected of having strabismus? show less
N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Number_Grandparents
PX110401140205 How many of his/her grandparents have, had, more
or were suspected of having strabismus? show less
N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Number_Grandparents_Coded
PX110401140206 How many of his/her grandparents have, had, more
or were suspected of having strabismus? show less
N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Number_Other_Relatives
PX110401140207 How many of his/her other relatives have, more
had, or were suspected of having strabismus? show less
N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Number_Other_Relatives_Coded
PX110401140208 How many of his/her other relatives have, more
had, or were suspected of having strabismus? show less
N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Number_Sisters
PX110401140201 How many of his/her sisters have, had, or more
were suspected of having strabismus? show less
N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Number_Sisters_Coded
PX110401140202 How many of his/her sisters have, had, or more
were suspected of having strabismus? show less
N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Other_Relative
PX110401140106 Do or did any of his/her other relative have more
strabismus? show less
N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Other_Relative_Specify
PX110401140107 Specify other relative. N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Other_Treatment_Specify
PX110401120202 Specify other treatment. N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Relative
PX110401130000 Do or did any of his/her relatives have more
strabismus that is if one or both eyes are turned in, or turned out, or up or down? show less
N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Sister
PX110401140103 Do or did any of his/her sister have strabismus? N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Treatment_Ever
PX110401120100 Has (name of child) ever been treated for more
his/her strabismus that is if one or both eyes are turned in, or turned out, or up or down? show less
N/A
PX110401_Strabismus_Treatment_Type
PX110401120201 What treatment did (name of child) receive? N/A
Ocular
Measure Name:

Eye Diseases and Treatment in Young Children

Release Date:

February 26, 2010

Definition

Questions to assess various eye diseases and treatments in very young children

Purpose

A variety of eye diseases in the newborn may have life-long implications associated with visual function and ocular health. The presence of structural ocular defects in the newborn are often due to inherited ocular and/or syndromic conditions, but may also be due to environmental factors (e.g. intrauterine viruses which may cause neonatal cataracts).

Keywords

Ocular, Eye disease, Treatment of eye disease, Family history of eye disease, Multi-Ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study, MEPEDS, Baltimore Pediatric Eye Disease Study, BPEDS, Strabismus, Amblyopia, Myopia, Eye patching, Infants, Children