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Protocol - Disinhibiting Behaviors - Impulsivity - Adolescent and Adult

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Description:

The UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale contains 59 self-administered questions that are scored as five subscales (urgency, premeditation, perseverance, sensation seeking, and positive urgency). The respondent is asked to complete the questionnaire by reading each item and circling the number on a Likert scale, ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree, that corresponds to his/her behavior.

Protocol:

Below are a number of statements that describe ways in which people act and think. For each statement, please indicate how much you agree or disagree with the statement. If you Agree Strongly circle 1, if you Agree Somewhat circle 2, if you Disagree Somewhat circle 3, and if you Disagree Strongly circle 4. Be sure to indicate your agreement or disagreement for every statement below. Also, there are questions on the following pages.

Agree Strongly

Agree Some

Disagree Some

Disagree Strongly

1.

I have a reserved and cautious attitude toward life.

1

2

3

4

2.

I have trouble controlling my impulses.

1

2

3

4

3.

I generally seek new and exciting experiences and sensations.

1

2

3

4

4.

I generally like to see things through to the end.

1

2

3

4

5.

When I am very happy, I can't seem to stop myself from doing things that can have bad consequences.

1

2

3

4

6.

My thinking is usually careful and purposeful.

1

2

3

4

7.

I have trouble resisting my cravings (for food, cigarettes, etc).

1

2

3

4

8.

I'll try anything once.

1

2

3

4

9.

I tend to give up easily.

1

2

3

4

10.

When I am in a great mood, I tend to get into situations that could cause me problems.

1

2

3

4

11.

I am not one of those people who blurt out things without thinking.

1

2

3

4

12.

I often get involved in things I later wish I could get out of.

1

2

3

4

13.

I like sports and games in which you have to choose your next move very quickly.

1

2

3

4

14.

Unfinished tasks really bother me.

1

2

3

4

15.

When I am very happy, I tend to do things that may cause problems in my life.

1

2

3

4

16.

I like to stop and think things over before I do them.

1

2

3

4

17.

When I feel bad, I will often do things I later regret in order to make myself feel better now.

1

2

3

4

18.

I would enjoy water skiing.

1

2

3

4

19.

Once I get going on something I hate to stop.

1

2

3

4

20.

I tend to lose control when I am in a great mood.

1

2

3

4

21.

I don't like to start a project until I know exactly how to proceed.

1

2

3

4

22.

Sometimes when I feel bad, I can't seem to stop what I am doing even though it is making me feel worse.

1

2

3

4

23.

I quite enjoy taking risks.

1

2

3

4

24.

I concentrate easily.

1

2

3

4

25.

When I am really ecstatic, I tend to get out of control.

1

2

3

4

26.

I would enjoy parachute jumping.

1

2

3

4

27.

I finish what I start.

1

2

3

4

28.

I tend to value and follow a rational, "sensible" approach to things.

1

2

3

4

29.

When I am upset I often act without thinking.

1

2

3

4

30.

Others would say I make bad choices when I am extremely happy about something.

1

2

3

4

31.

I welcome new and exciting experiences and sensations, even if they are a little frightening and unconventional.

1

2

3

4

32.

I am able to pace myself so as to get things done on time.

1

2

3

4

33.

I usually make up my mind through careful reasoning.

1

2

3

4

34.

When I feel rejected, I will often say things I regret later.

1

2

3

4

35.

Others are shocked or worried about the things I do when I am feeling very excited.

1

2

3

4

36.

I would like to learn to fly an airplane.

1

2

3

4

37.

I am a person who always gets the job done.

1

2

3

4

38.

I am a cautious person.

1

2

3

4

39.

It is hard for me to resist acting on my feelings.

1

2

3

4

40.

When I get really happy about something, I tend to do things that can have bad consequences.

1

2

3

4

41.

I sometimes like doing things that are a bit frightening.

1

2

3

4

42.

I almost always finish projects that I start.

1

2

3

4

43.

Before I get into a new situation I like to find out what to expect from it.

1

2

3

4

44.

I often make matters worse because I act without thinking when I am upset.

1

2

3

4

45.

When overjoyed, I feel like I can't stop myself from going overboard.

1

2

3

4

46.

I would enjoy the sensation of skiing very fast down a high mountain slope.

1

2

3

4

47.

Sometimes there are so many little things to be done that I just ignore them all.

1

2

3

4

48.

I usually think carefully before doing anything.

1

2

3

4

49.

When I am really excited, I tend not to think of the consequences of my actions.

1

2

3

4

50.

In the heat of an argument, I will often say things that I later regret.

1

2

3

4

51.

I would like to go scuba diving.

1

2

3

4

52.

I tend to act without thinking when I am really excited.

1

2

3

4

53.

I always keep my feelings under control.

1

2

3

4

54.

When I am really happy, I often find myself in situations that I normally wouldn't be comfortable with.

1

2

3

4

55.

Before making up my mind, I consider all the advantages and disadvantages.

1

2

3

4

56.

I would enjoy fast driving.

1

2

3

4

57.

When I am very happy, I feel like it is ok to give in to cravings or overindulge.

1

2

3

4

58.

Sometimes I do impulsive things that I later regret.

1

2

3

4

59.

I am surprised at the things I do while in a great mood.

1

2

3

4

Scoring Instructions:

This is a revised version of the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale (Whiteside & Lynam, 2001). This version, UPPS-P (Lynam, Smith, Whiteside, & Cyders, 2006), assesses positive urgency (Cyders, Smith, Spillane, Fischer, Annus, & Peterson, 2007) in addition to the four pathways assessed in the original version of the scale—urgency (now negative urgency), (lack of) premeditation, (lack of) perseverance, and sensation seeking. The scale uses a 1 (agree strongly) to 4 (disagree strongly) response format. Because the items from different scales run in different directions, it is important to make sure that the correct items are reverse-scored. Typically all of the items are recoded in the direction such that higher scores indicate more impulsive behavior. Therefore, we include the scoring key for (negative) urgency, (lack of) premeditation, (lack of) perseverance, sensation seeking, and positive urgency. For each scale, calculate the mean of the available items; this puts the scales on the same metric. Typically participants must have responded to at least 70% of the items before a score is calculated.

(Negative) Urgency (all items except one are reversed)

items 2 (R), 7(R), 12 (R), 17 (R), 22 (R), 29 (R), 34 (R), 39 (R), 44 (R), 50 (R), 53, 58 (R)

(lack of) Premeditation (no items are reversed)

items 1, 6, 11, 16, 21, 28, 33, 38, 43, 48, 55

(lack of) Perseverance (two items are reversed)

items 4, 9 (R), 14, 19, 24, 27, 32, 37, 42, 47 (R)

Sensation Seeking (all items are reversed)

items 3 (R), 8 (R), 13 (R), 18 (R), 23 (R), 26 (R), 31 (R), 36 (R), 41 (R), 46 (R), 51 (R), 56 (R)

Positive Urgency (all items are reversed)

items 5 (R), 10 (R), 15 (R), 20 (R), 25 (R), 30 (R), 35 (R), 40 (R), 45 (R), 49 (R), 52 (R), 54 (R), 57 (R), 59 (R)

(R) indicates the item needs to be reverse scored such 1=4, 2=3, 3=2, and 4=1.

Protocol Name from Source:

UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adolescent, Adult

Participants:

[

Ages 12+ years

]

Specific Instructions:

None

Selection Rationale

[

The UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale was developed by Whiteside and Lynam (2001) through an empirical investigation of the many different existent measures of the heterogeneous trait of impulsivity. Used in studies of psychiatric disorders and risky and deviant behavior, the scale has been widely adopted, validated with adolescents and adults, and administered in French and German. In 2006, Dr. Gregory Smith and colleagues added one more dimension (positive urgency) to the scale. Each subscale has been validated and the results are independent of one another.

]

Language

English, French, German

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Adult Impulsive Behavior Assessment Scale 3162877 CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Disinhibit behav - impuls adult proto 62920-4 LOINC
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

Expert Review Panel 4 (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains. Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

  • No changes

Source

Lynam, D. R., Smith, G. T., Whiteside, S. P., & Cyders, M. A. (2006). The UPPS-P: Assessing five personality pathways to impulsive behavior. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University.

General References

Cyders, M. A., Smith, G. T., Spillane, N. S., Fischer, S., Annus, A. M., & Peterson, C. (2007). Integration of impulsivity and positive mood to predict risky behavior: Development and validation of a measure of positive urgency. Psychological Assessment, 19(1), 107-118.

d'Acremont, M., & Van der Linden, M. (2005). Adolescent impulsivity: Findings from a community sample. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34, 427-435.

Fischer, S., & Smith, G. T. (2008). Binge eating, problem drinking, and pathological gambling: Linking behavior to shared traits and social learning. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 789-800.

Lynam, D. R., & Miller, J. D. (2004). Personality pathways to impulsive behavior and their relations to deviance: Results from three samples. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 20, 319-342.

Smith, G. T., Fischer, S., Cyders, M. A., Annus, A. M., Spillane, N. S., & McCarthy, D. M. (2007). On the validity and utility of discriminating among impulsivity-like traits. Assessment, 14, 155-170.

Whiteside, S. P., & Lynam, D. R. (2001). The Five Factor Model and impulsivity: Using a structural model of personality to understand impulsivity. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 669-689.

Protocol ID:

180401

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX180401_Able_To_Pace_Myself PX180401320000 I am able to pace myself so as to get things done on time. 4 N/A
PX180401_Act_Without_Thinking_Make_Worse PX180401440000 I often make matters worse because I act without thinking when I am upset. 4 N/A
PX180401_Act_Without_Thinking_When_Excited PX180401520000 I tend to act without thinking when I am really excited. 4 N/A
PX180401_Act_Without_Thinking_When_Upset PX180401290000 When I am upset I often act without thinking. 4 N/A
PX180401_Almost_Always_Finish_Projects PX180401420000 I almost always finish projects that I start. 4 N/A
PX180401_Cant_Stop_From_Going_Overboard PX180401450000 When overjoyed, I feel like I can't stop myself from going overboard. 4 N/A
PX180401_Cant_Stop_Hurtful_Actions PX180401220000 Sometimes when I feel bad, I can't seem to stop what I am doing even though it is making me feel worse. 4 N/A
PX180401_Careful_Reasoning PX180401330000 I usually make up my mind through careful reasoning. 4 N/A
PX180401_Cautious_About_New_Situations PX180401430000 Before I get into a new situation I like to find out what to expect from it. 4 N/A
PX180401_Cautious_Attitude_Toward_Life PX180401010000 I have a reserved and cautious attitude toward life. 4 N/A
PX180401_Cautious_Person PX180401380000 I am a cautious person. 4 N/A
PX180401_Concentrate_Easily PX180401240000 I concentrate easily. 4 N/A
PX180401_Consider_All_Advantages_And_Disadvantages PX180401550000 Before making up my mind, I consider all the advantages and disadvantages. 4 N/A
PX180401_Doesnt_Blurt_Out_Without_Thinking PX180401110000 I am not one of those people who blurt out things without thinking. 4 N/A
PX180401_Dont_Think_About_Consequences PX180401490000 When I am really excited, I tend not to think of the consequences of my actions. 4 N/A
PX180401_Do_Impulsive_Things_Later_Regret PX180401580000 Sometimes I do impulsive things that I later regret. 4 N/A
PX180401_Do_Things_That_Cause_Problems PX180401150000 When I am very happy, I tend to do things that may cause problems in my life. 4 N/A
PX180401_Do_Things_With_Bad_Consequences PX180401400000 When I get really happy about something, I tend to do things that can have bad consequences. 4 N/A
PX180401_Enjoy_Fast_Driving PX180401560000 I would enjoy fast driving. 4 N/A
PX180401_Enjoy_Parachute_Jumping PX180401260000 I would enjoy parachute jumping. 4 N/A
PX180401_Enjoy_Taking_Risks PX180401230000 I quite enjoy taking risks. 4 N/A
PX180401_Exactly_How_To_Proceed PX180401210000 I don't like to start a project until I know exactly how to proceed. 4 N/A
PX180401_Finish_What_I_Start PX180401270000 I finish what I start. 4 N/A
PX180401_Get_The_Job_Done PX180401370000 I am a person who always gets the job done. 4 N/A
PX180401_Give_InTo_Cravings_When_Happy PX180401570000 When I am very happy, I feel like it is ok to give in to cravings or overindulge. 4 N/A
PX180401_Give_Up_Easily PX180401090000 I tend to give up easily. 4 N/A
PX180401_Great_Mood_Get_Into_ProblemSituations PX180401100000 When I am in a great mood, I tend to get into situations that could cause me problems. 4 N/A
PX180401_Hard_To_Resist_Feelings PX180401390000 It is hard for me to resist acting on my feelings. 4 N/A
PX180401_Hate_To_Stop PX180401190000 Once I get going on something I hate to stop. 4 N/A
PX180401_Ignore_Little_Things PX180401470000 Sometimes there are so many little things to be done that I just ignore them all. 4 N/A
PX180401_Keep_Feelings_Under_Control PX180401530000 I always keep my feelings under control. 4 N/A
PX180401_Later_Wish_Get_Out_Of PX180401120000 I often get involved in things I later wish I could get out of. 4 N/A
PX180401_Like_Doing_Frightening_Things PX180401410000 I sometimes like doing things that are a bit frightening. 4 N/A
PX180401_Like_Games_Choose_Move_Quickly PX180401130000 I like sports and games in which you have to choose your next move very quickly. 4 N/A
PX180401_Like_To_Fly_An_Airplane PX180401360000 I would like to learn to fly an airplane. 4 N/A
PX180401_Lose_Control PX180401200000 I tend to lose control when I am in a great mood. 4 N/A
PX180401_Others_Say_I_Make_BadChoices PX180401300000 Others would say I make bad choices when I am extremely happy about something. 4 N/A
PX180401_Others_ShockedAbout_Things_I_Do PX180401350000 Others are shocked or worried about the things I do when I am feeling very excited. 4 N/A
PX180401_Out_Of_Control_When_Ecstatic PX180401250000 When I am really ecstatic, I tend to get out of control. 4 N/A
PX180401_Rational_Approach_To_Things PX180401280000 I tend to value and follow a rational, "sensible" approach to things. 4 N/A
PX180401_Regret_Actions_ToFeel_Better PX180401170000 When I feel bad, I will often do things I later regret in order to make myself feel better now. 4 N/A
PX180401_Say_Things_Later_Regret PX180401500000 In the heat of an argument, I will often say things that I later regret. 4 N/A
PX180401_Say_Things_Regret_When_Rejected PX180401340000 When I feel rejected, I will often say things I regret later. 4 N/A
PX180401_Seek_New_And_Exciting_Experiences PX180401030000 I generally seek new and exciting experiences and sensations. 4 N/A
PX180401_See_Things_Through PX180401040000 I generally like to see things through to the end. 4 N/A
PX180401_Stop_And_Think_Things_Over PX180401160000 I like to stop and think things over before I do them. 4 N/A
PX180401_Surprising_Actions_Great_Mood PX180401590000 I am surprised at the things I do while in a great mood. 4 N/A
PX180401_Thinking_Careful_And_Purposeful PX180401060000 My thinking is usually careful and purposeful. 4 N/A
PX180401_Think_Carefully_Before_Doing_Anything PX180401480000 I usually think carefully before doing anything. 4 N/A
PX180401_Trouble_Controlling_Impulses PX180401020000 I have trouble controlling my impulses. 4 N/A
PX180401_Trouble_Resisting_Cravings PX180401070000 I have trouble resisting my cravings (for food, cigarettes, etc). 4 N/A
PX180401_Try_Anything_Once PX180401080000 I'll try anything once. 4 N/A
PX180401_Uncomfortable_Situations_When_Happy PX180401540000 When I am really happy, I often find myself in situations that I normally wouldn't be comfortable with. 4 N/A
PX180401_Unfinished_Tasks_Really_Bother_Me PX180401140000 Unfinished tasks really bother me. 4 N/A
PX180401_Welcome_New_And_Exciting_Experiences PX180401310000 I welcome new and exciting experiences and sensations, even if they are a little frightening and unconventional. 4 N/A
PX180401_When_Happy_Do_Things_BadConsequences PX180401050000 When I am very happy, I can't seem to stop myself from doing things that can have bad consequences. 4 N/A
PX180401_Would_Enjoy_Snow_Skiing_Sensation PX180401460000 I would enjoy the sensation of skiing very fast down a high mountain slope. 4 N/A
PX180401_Would_Enjoy_Water_Skiing PX180401180000 I would enjoy water skiing. 4 N/A
PX180401_Would_Like_Scuba_Diving PX180401510000 I would like to go scuba diving. 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Disinhibiting Behaviors - Impulsivity

Release Date:

December 13, 2010

Definition

This is an assessment with five subscales that are used to measure five distinct dimensions of impulsive behavior.

Purpose

Impulsivity is typically defined as the initiation of behavior without forethought. It has been identified as a risk factor for a variety of psychiatric disorders and problem drinking.

Keywords

Psychosocial, impulsive, impulsivity, behavior, personality, premeditation, urgency, sensation seeking, perseverance, UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale for Children