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Protocol - Serial Pregnancy Weight - Weights Abstracted from Prenatal Charts

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Description:

Serial measures of weight either (1) abstracted from health care (prenatal) records or (2) measured prospectively for the duration of gestation. Data collected entail (1) weights measured at all prenatal visits; (2) dates of all prenatal visits; (3) reported pre-pregnancy weight; (4) reported or measured height; and (5) gestational age at every prenatal visit and at delivery. If the opportunity exists to collect the gestational weight prospectively as part of the research protocol, this is preferred because weights taken using a research protocol are better standardized for amount of participant clothing and scales are regularly calibrated.

Specific Instructions:

None

Protocol:

Weights Abstracted from Prenatal and/or Labor and Delivery Charts

Most obstetric practices and prenatal clinics use a standardized form to chart prenatal course. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG, formerly the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists) has an Antenatal Record form that is periodically upgraded and available for its members. There are others, such as the POPRAS (Problem-Oriented Perinatal Risk Assessment System) or Hollister Maternal/Newborn Record System forms, which are also in common use. All of the standardized forms have places or spaces to report information on gestational age, pre-pregnancy weight, height, and weights measured during pregnancy at every prenatal visit and dates of examination, and these can be abstracted. For charts with only nurse/physician notes, measured weight should be recorded for each prenatal visit. For women carrying a singleton fetus, the expected schedule of prenatal visits suggested by ACOG is monthly through the 7th month (28 weeks), every 2-3 weeks through the 9th month (36 weeks), and weekly thereafter until delivery. Weight is occasionally measured at delivery and can be found in the labor and delivery chart along with the gestational age at delivery.

An example of the relevant section of the ACOG Antenatal Record Form B (Initial Physical Exam) which charts date of exam, pre-pregnancy weight, and height:

An example of the relevant section of the ACOG Antenatal Record Form C which contains the date of the woman’s last menstrual period (LMP) and estimated due date(s) (EDD) for establishing (or correcting) gestational age at each prenatal visit:

Gestational age (written with both weeks and days, e.g., 39 weeks and 0 days or 39 + 0) is calculated using the best obstetrical EDD based on the following formula:

Gestational Age = (280 - (EDD - Reference Date))/ 7

Protocol Name from Source:

American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Antenatal Form B and C

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

For the aspects of the measures requiring chart review, the abstracter should be trained in medical terminology and records review; for measuring weights, the examiner should be trained as for Measured Weight.

Equipment Needs

Paper-and-pencil (for chart review) and/or digital scale or beam balance scale.

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Medical record abstraction

Life Stage:

Pregnancy

Participants:

Women who have had a pregnancy (20 weeks or longer) or are currently pregnant.

Selection Rationale

Weight and weight gain in pregnancy are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, including risk for low and high birth weight (i.e., small-for-gestational age [SGA] and large-for-gestational age [LGA] newborns); risk for preeclampsia and gestational diabetes; and risk for cesarean delivery. Maternal weight gain below recommended is associated with a lower birth weight. Maternal weight gain in excess of recommendations is associated with a high birth weight and, especially among those women who were normal weight before pregnancy, has also been independently associated with risk of overweight and obesity in the offspring.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Person Prenatal Chart Serial Pregnancy Weight Gain Weight Value 5021302 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

Total Weight Gain in Pregnancy, Rates of Weight Gain

Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel #1 reviewed the measures in the Anthropometrics, Diabetes, Physical Activity and Physical Fitness, and Nutrition and Dietary Supplements domains.

Guidance from the ERP includes:

• Added a new measure

  • New Data Dictionary

Source

American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (http://www.acog.org/)

General References

Institute of Medicine, Committee to Reexamine IOM Pregnancy Weight Guidelines. (2009). Weight gain during pregnancy: Reexamining the guidelines. K. M. Rasmussen & A. L. Yaktine (Eds.). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Rasmussen, K. M., Catalano, P. M., & Yaktine, A. L. (2009). New guidelines for weight gain during pregnancy: What obstetrician/gynecologists should know. Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 21, 521-526.

Protocol ID:

21701

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Date_Visit_10
PX021701100100 What is the date of the tenth prenatal more
examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Date_Visit_2
PX021701020100 What is the date of the second prenatal more
examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Date_Visit_3
PX021701030100 What is the date of the third prenatal more
examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Date_Visit_4
PX021701040100 What is the date of the fourth prenatal more
examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Date_Visit_5
PX021701050100 What is the date of the fifth prenatal more
examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Date_Visit_6
PX021701060100 What is the date of the sixth prenatal more
examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Date_Visit_7
PX021701070100 What is the date of the seventh prenatal more
examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Date_Visit_8
PX021701080100 What is the date of the eighth prenatal more
examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Date_Visit_9
PX021701090100 What is the date of the ninth prenatal more
examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_GestationalAge_Visit_10
PX021701100200 What is the patient's gestational age at the more
tenth prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_GestationalAge_Visit_2
PX021701020200 What is the patient's gestational age at the more
second prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_GestationalAge_Visit_3
PX021701030200 What is the patient's gestational age at the more
third prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_GestationalAge_Visit_4
PX021701040200 What is the patient's gestational age at the more
fourth prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_GestationalAge_Visit_5
PX021701050200 What is the patient's gestational age at the more
fifth prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_GestationalAge_Visit_6
PX021701060200 What is the patient's gestational age at the more
sixth prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_GestationalAge_Visit_7
PX021701070200 What is the patient's gestational age at the more
seventh prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_GestationalAge_Visit_8
PX021701080200 What is the patient's gestational age at the more
eighth prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_GestationalAge_Visit_9
PX021701090200 What is the patient's gestational age at the more
ninth prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Height_Visit_10
PX021701100300 What is the patient's height at the tenth more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Height_Visit_2
PX021701020300 What is the patient's height at the second more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Height_Visit_3
PX021701030300 What is the patient's height at the third more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Height_Visit_4
PX021701040300 What is the patient's height at the fourth more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Height_Visit_5
PX021701050300 What is the patient's height at the fifth more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Height_Visit_6
PX021701060300 What is the patient's height at the sixth more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Height_Visit_7
PX021701070300 What is the patient's height at the seventh more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Height_Visit_8
PX021701080300 What is the patient's height at the eighth more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Height_Visit_9
PX021701090300 What is the patient's height at the ninth more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_InitialExamination_Date
PX021701010100 What is the date of initial examination N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_InitialExamination_Height
PX021701010200 What is the patient's height measured at more
initial examination? show less
Variable Mapping
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_InitialExamination_Weight
PX021701010300 What is the patient's weight measured at more
initial examination? show less
Variable Mapping
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Weight_Visit_10
PX021701100400 What is the patient's weight at the tenth more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Weight_Visit_2
PX021701020400 What is the patient's weight at the second more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Weight_Visit_3
PX021701030400 What is the patient's weight at the third more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Weight_Visit_4
PX021701040400 What is the patient's weight at the fourth more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Weight_Visit_5
PX021701050400 What is the patient's weight at the fifth more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Weight_Visit_6
PX021701060400 What is the patient's weight at the sixth more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Weight_Visit_7
PX021701070400 What is the patient's weight at the seventh more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Weight_Visit_8
PX021701080400 What is the patient's weight at the eighth more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
PX021701_SerialWeights_Prenatal_Weight_Visit_9
PX021701090400 What is the patient's weight at the ninth more
prenatal examination? show less
N/A
Anthropometrics
Measure Name:

Serial Pregnancy Weight Gain

Release Date:

October 1, 2015

Definition

Serial changes in weight of the participant during the course of pregnancy for the most recent pregnancy.

Purpose

Serial weights are used to assess patterns of weight gain over various periods, such as trimesters, and rates of weight gain, especially in the last two trimesters. Rates of weight gain are the only weight gain measures that are not dependent on a recalled or self-reported pre-pregnancy weight. Gestational weight gain and rates are generally interpreted based on a woman’s pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI, kg/m2).

Keywords

Anthropometrics, weight, body mass index, BMI, gestation, ACOG