Protocol - Disability Index

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The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI ©) version 2.1a is a 10-item proprietary self-administered questionnaire that asks questions regarding how an individual’s back (or leg) trouble affects the ability to perform routine daily activities.

Specific Instructions

The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI ©) is a proprietary instrument and is available from the PROQOLID database.


Limited Availability


Jeremy Fairbank is the owner of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI ©) and version 2.1a of the instrument is available from the PROQOLID database (www.proqolid.org). Registration, as well as a user agreement, may be required for database access. Additionally, depending upon the type of research, a fee may be charged. The PROQOLID database was created by Mapi Research Trust, 2001-2014, All rights reserved.

Each item of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI ©) focuses on a certain activity such as walking, lifting, and personal care (i.e., washing, dressing etc.). The respondent reports how their back (or leg) trouble has affected their ability to perform each of the activities on the day the ODI © is completed.

Personnel and Training Required

The interviewer should be trained and qualified to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population.

Equipment Needs


Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire




Adults, ages 18 and older

Selection Rationale

The Rare Genetic Conditions Working Group selected the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI ©) because it has high reproducibility, is widely used, has low participant and provider burden, and addresses pain and scoliosis.



Human Phenotype Ontology Poor fine motor coordination HP:0007010 HPO
Human Phenotype Ontology Difficulty walking HP:0002355 HPO
Derived Variables


Process and Review

Not applicable.

Protocol Name from Source

Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)©, version 2.1a


Fairbank, J. C., & Pynsent, P. B. (2000). The Oswestry Disability Index. Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 25(22), 2940-2952.

General References

Baker, D. J., Pynsent, P. B. & Fairbank, JCT (1989). The Oswestry Disability Index revisited. In Roland Jenner, Jr. (Ed.), Back pain: New approaches to rehabilitation and education (pp. 174-186). Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Carreon, L. Y., Glassman, S. D., & Howard, J. (2008). Fusion and nonsurgical treatment for symptomatic lumbar degenerative disease: A systematic review of Oswestry Disability Index and MOS Short Form-36 outcomes. Spine Journal, 8(5), 747-755.

Fairbank, J. C. (2014). Why are there different versions of the Oswestry Disability Index? Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine, 20(1), 83-86.

Fairbank, J. C. T., Couper, J., Davies, J. B., & O’Brien, J. P. (1980). The Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire. Physiotherapy, 66, 271-273.

Protocol ID


Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
PX220601000000 Protocol 220601 - proprietary. Check DCW for more
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Rare Genetic Conditions
Measure Name

Disability Index

Release Date

April 30, 2015


This index is used to assess an individual’s ability to perform routine, daily activities.


This measure can be used to investigate the impact of having a disability on an individual’s daily activities and quality of life.


Oswestry Disability Index, ODI, quality of life, QOL, pain, spine, scoliosis, disability, proprietary

Measure Protocols
Protocol ID Protocol Name
220601 Disability Index

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