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Protocol - Auditory Perception and Noise Exposure

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Description:

A 29-item interviewer-administered questionnaire with yes/no, Likert-style, and multiple-choice questions about the subject's current hearing, hearing aids, and history of potential causes of hearing loss. A proxy may provide information for participants who are unable to answer the questions themselves.

Protocol:

1. These next questions are about {your/SP's} hearing: Which statement best describes {your/SP's} hearing (without a hearing aid or other listening devices)? Would you say {your/his/her} hearing is excellent, good, that {you have/s/he has} a little trouble, moderate trouble, a lot of trouble, or {are you/is s/he} deaf?

[ ] 1 EXCELLENT

[ ] 2 GOOD

[ ] 3 A LITTLE TROUBLE

[ ] 4 MODERATE HEARING TROUBLE

[ ] 5 A LOT OF TROUBLE

[ ] 6 DEAF

[ ] 77 REFUSED

[ ] 99 DON'T KNOW

DEFINITIONS:

Deaf means that you can't hear in both ears without the use of hearing aids or other devices to help you hear. If you can hear in one ear, you are not deaf.

Hearing Aid: A small electronic device that amplifies the sounds you hear. It is worn in or behind the ear to help you hear.

Other Listening Devices: Other listening devices are any device you use to help you hear.

They are also called assistive listening devices. These are:

  • A pocket talker
  • An amplified telephone
  • An amplified or vibrating alarm clock
  • A light signaler for your doorbell
  • A TV headset
  • Closed-captioned TV
  • TTY (teletypewriter)
  • TDD (telecommunications device for the deaf)
  • A telephone relay service
  • A video relay service
  • A sign language interpreter

2. These next questions refer to hearing without the use of a hearing aid or any other listening devices. If {you have/SP has} one ear that is better than the other, please answer the questions for the hearing in {your/SP's} better ear.

Can {you/SP} usually hear and understand what a person says without seeing his or her face if that person whispers to {you/him/her} from across a quiet room?

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 2 NO

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

3. Can {you/SP} usually hear and understand what a person says without seeing his or her face if that person talks in a normal voice to {you/him/her} from across a quiet room?

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 2 NO

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

4. Can {you/SP} usually hear and understand what a person says without seeing his or her face if that person shouts to {you/him/her} from across a quiet room?

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 2 NO

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

5. Can {you/SP} usually hear and understand what a person says without seeing his or her face if that person speaks loudly into {your/his/her} better ear?

INTERVIEWER: IF THE INTERVIEWEE HEARS BETTER IN ONE EAR THAN THE OTHER, RECORD THE RESPONSE FOR SPEAKING LOUDLY INTO THE BETTER EAR.

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 2 NO

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

6. How often {do you/does SP} find it difficult to follow a conversation if there is background noise, for example, when other people are talking, TV or radio is on, or children are playing? Would you say...

[ ] 1 always

[ ] 2 usually

[ ] 3 about half the time

[ ] 4 seldom

[ ] 5 never

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

7. How often does {your/SP's} hearing cause {you/him/her} to feel frustrated when talking to members of {your/his/her} family or to friends? Would you say...

[ ] 1 always

[ ] 2 usually

[ ] 3 about half the time

[ ] 4 seldom

[ ] 5 never

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

8. {Have you/Has SP} ever had 3 or more ear infections? Please include ear infections {you/he/she} may have had when {you were/he was/she was} a child.

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 2 NO

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

9. {Have you/Has SP} ever had a tube placed in {your/his/her} ear to drain the fluid from {your/his/her} ear?

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 2 NO

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

10. A hearing test by a specialist is one that is done in a sound proof booth or room, or with headphones. Hearing specialists include audiologists, ear nose and throat doctors, and trained technicians or occupational nurses. When was the last time {you had/SP had} {your/his/her} hearing tested by a hearing specialist?

READ CATEGORIES IF NECESSARY

[ ] 1 LESS THAN A YEAR AGO

[ ] 1 1 YEAR TO 4 YEARS AGO

[ ] 3 5 TO 9 YEARS AGO

[ ] 4 TEN OR MORE YEARS AGO

[ ] 5 NEVER

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

{Have you/Has SP} ever worn a hearing aid or cochlear implant?

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 2 NO

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

DEFINITIONS:

Hearing Aid: A small electronic device that amplifies the sounds you hear. It is worn in or behind the ear to help you hear.

Cochlear Implant: A cochlear implant is an electrical device that a surgeon puts in your ear. It helps you hear by sending sounds directly to the brain. It is used only when you are almost totally deaf.

12. Which was it?

CODE ALL THAT APPLY

[ ] 1 A HEARING AID

[ ] 2 A COCHLEAR IMPLANT

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

13. In the past 12 months, how often {have you/has SP} worn a hearing aid?

[ ] 1 always

[ ] 2 usually

[ ] 3 about half the time

[ ] 4 seldom

[ ] 5 never

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

DEFINITIONS:

Hearing Aid: A small electronic device that amplifies the sounds you hear. It is worn in or behind the ear to help you hear.

14. {Have you/Has SP} ever used assistive listening devices (ALDs), such as FM systems, closed-captioned television, amplified telephone, relay services, or a sign-language interpreter?

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 2 NO

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

DEFINITIONS:

Assistive Listening Devices: These are any device you use to help you hear. Other examples include:

TTY (teletypewriter)

TDD (telecommunications device for the deaf)

A pocket talker

An amplified or vibrating alarm clock

A light signaler for your doorbell

A TV headset

15. In the past 12 months, {have you/has SP} been bothered by ringing, roaring, or buzzing in {your/his/her} ears or head that lasts for 5 minutes or more?

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 2 NO

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

DEFINITIONS:

Tinnitus (tin-uh-tus) is the medical term for ringing, roaring, or buzzing in the ears or head.

16. How long {have you/has SP} been bothered by this ringing, roaring, or buzzing in {your/his/her} ears or head?

READ CATEGORIES IF NECESSARY

[ ] 1 LESS THAN THREE MONTHS

[ ] 2 THREE MONTHS TO A YEAR

[ ] 3 1 TO 4 YEARS

[ ] 4 5 TO 9 YEARS

[ ] 5 TEN OR MORE YEARS

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

17. In the past 12 months, how often {have you/has SP} had this ringing, roaring, or buzzing in {your/his/her} ears or head? Would you say...

[ ] 1 almost always

[ ] 2 at least once a day

[ ] 3 at least once a week

[ ] 4 at least once a month

[ ] 5 less frequently than once a month

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

18. {Are you/Is SP} bothered by ringing, roaring, or buzzing in {your/his/her} ears or head only after listening to loud sounds or loud music?

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 2 NO

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

19. {Are you/Is SP} bothered by ringing, roaring, or buzzing in {your/his/her} ears or head when going to sleep?

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 2 NO

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

20. How much of a problem is this ringing, roaring, or buzzing in {your/his/her} ears or head?

[ ] 1 No problem

[ ] 2 A small problem

[ ] 3 A moderate problem

[ ] 4 A big problem

[ ] 5 A very big problem

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

21. This next question is about {your/SP's} use of firearms that {you/he/she} may have used for target shooting, hunting, for {your/his/her} job or in military service. {Have you/Has SP} ever used firearms for any reason?

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 2 NO

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

DEFINITIONS:

Firearms include pistols, shotguns, rifles, and other types of guns. Do not include BB or pellet guns.

22. How many total rounds {have you/has SP} ever fired?

READ CATEGORIES IF NECESSARY

INTERVIEWER: ONE ROUND EQUALS ONE SHOT. INCLUDE TARGET SHOOTING, HUNTING, YOUR JOB, AND MILITARY SERVICE.

[ ] 1 1 TO LESS THAN 100 ROUNDS

[ ] 2 100 TO LESS THAN 1000 ROUNDS

[ ] 3 1000 TO LESS THAN 10,000 ROUNDS

[ ] 4 10,000 TO LESS THAN 50,000 ROUNDS

[ ] 5 50,000 ROUNDS OR MORE

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

23. How often {did you/did SP} wear hearing protection devices (ear plugs, ear muffs) when shooting firearms?

[ ] 1 always

[ ] 2 usually

[ ] 3 about half the time

[ ] 4 seldom

[ ] 5 never

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

DEFINITIONS:

Protective Hearing Device: These protect you from noise that is so loud that it might damage your hearing. Examples are ear plugs, protective earmuffs, or special headphones.

These next questions are about noise exposure {you/SP} may have had at work.

24. {Have you/Has SP} ever had a job, or combination of jobs where {you were/s/he was} exposed to loud sounds or noise for 4 or more hours a day, several days a week? Loud means so loud that {you/s/he} must speak in a raised voice to be heard.

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 2 NO

[ ] 3 NEVER WORKED

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

25. For how many months or years {have you/has SP} been exposed at work to loud sounds or noise for 4 or more hours a day, several days a week?

READ CATEGORIES IF NECESSARY

[ ] 1 LESS THAN 3 MONTHS

[ ] 2 3 TO 11 MONTHS

[ ] 3 1 TO 2 YEARS

[ ] 4 3 TO 4 YEARS

[ ] 5 5 TO 9 YEARS

[ ] 6 10 TO 14 YEARS

[ ] 7 15 OR MORE YEARS

[ ] 77 REFUSED

[ ] 99 DON'T KNOW

26. In {your/SP's} work {were you/was he/was she} exposed to very loud noise? Very loud noise is noise that is so loud {you have/he has/she has} to shout in order to be understood by someone standing 3 feet away from {you/him/her}.

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 2 NO

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

27. This next question is about {your/SP's} work in jobs where there was very loud noise for 4 or more hours a day, several days a week. Please give me the total number of months or years for all jobs where this has happened.

READ CATEGORIES IF NECESSARY

[ ] 1 LESS THAN 3 MONTHS

[ ] 2 3 TO 11 MONTHS

[ ] 3 1 TO 2 YEARS

[ ] 4 3 TO 4 YEARS

[ ] 5 5 TO 9 YEARS

[ ] 6 10 TO 14 YEARS

[ ] 7 15 OR MORE YEARS

[ ] 77 REFUSED

[ ] 99 DON'T KNOW

28. Outside of a job, {have you/has SP} ever been exposed to very loud noise or music for 10 or more hours a week? This is noise so loud that {you have/s/he has} to shout to be understood or heard 3 feet away. Examples are noise from power tools, lawn mowers, farm machinery, cars, trucks, motorcycles, motor boats, or loud music.

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 2 NO

[ ] 3 NEVER WORKED

[ ] 7 REFUSED

[ ] 9 DON'T KNOW

29. In the past 12 months, how often {did you/did SP} wear hearing protection devices (ear plugs, ear muffs) when exposed to very loud sounds or noise? Please include both on the job and off the job exposures.

DEFINITIONS: Protective Hearing Device: These protect you from noise that is so loud that it might damage your hearing. Examples are ear plugs, protective earmuffs, or special headphones.

[ ] 1 ALWAYS

[ ] 2 USUALLY

[ ] 3 ABOUT HALF THE TIME

[ ] 4 SELDOM

[ ] 5 NEVER

[ ] 6 NO NOISE EXPOSURE PAST 12 MONTHS

[ ] 77 REFUSED

[ ] 99 DON'T KNOW

Protocol Name from Source:

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Questionnaire (SP) AUDIOMETRY - AUQ Target Group: SPs 1+

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

The interviewer must be trained to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. The interviewer must be trained and found to be competent (i.e., tested by an expert) at the completion of personal interviews. The interviewer should be trained to prompt respondents further if a "don't know" response is provided.

There are multiple modes to administer this question (e.g., paper-and-pencil and computer-assisted interviews).

Equipment Needs
Although the source instrument was developed to be administered by computer, the PhenX Working Group acknowledges that these questions can be administered in a non-computerized format (i.e., paper-and-pencil instrument). Computer software is necessary to develop computer-assisted instruments. The interviewer will require a laptop computer or handheld computer to administer a computer-assisted questionnaire
Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Mode of Administration

Interviewer-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Participants:

Adult 18+

Specific Instructions:
Selection Rationale

The NHANES 2011 audiometry questionnaire is one of the most widely used protocols to measure hearing and was selected as the best practice methodology.

Language

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Hearing Assessment Questionnaire Assessment Scale 6356756 CDE Browser
Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel has yet to review this measure.

Source

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Questionnaire (SP) AUDIOMETRY - AUQ Target Group: SPs 1+, 2011, Items AUQ.060 through AUQ.380.

General References
Protocol ID:

250201

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Auditory Perception and Noise Exposure

Release Date:

N/A

Definition

This measure is a questionnaire assessing hearing and hearing loss, tinnitus, noise exposure, and use of hearing aids or other devices.

Purpose

Used to screen individuals for hearing loss and tinnitus. It is also used to assess hearing aid use and noise exposure.

Keywords

Hearing, hearing loss, ears, deafness, hearing aids, listening devices, tinnitus, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), gerontology, aging