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Protocol - Cognitive Changes

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Description:

The informant (e.g., caregiver) is asked a series of questions to ascertain changes in the subject's cognition over the past two years. The informant indicates whether the subject's cognition in relation to various situations has improved, stayed the same, or gotten worse. These questions are from the Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE).

Specific Instructions:

The introduction refers to the last month or so of the subject's life. The questions can be administered to the informant before that time, perhaps when there is potential cognitive decline.

Protocol:

Now we want you to remember what R's FIRST NAME was like two years ago and to compare it with what [he/she] is like now. Two years ago was in {CURRENT INTERVIEW YEAR - 2}. I will read situations where R's FIRST NAME has to use [his/her] memory or intelligence and we would like you to indicate whether this has improved, stayed the same, or gotten worse in that situation over the past two years.

Note the importance of comparing [his/her] present performance with two years ago. So if two years ago R's FIRST NAME always forgot where [he/she] had left things, and [he/she] still does, then this would be considered "not much change."

Now we want you to remember what R's FIRST NAME was like [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR /two years ago] and to compare it with what [he/she] was like toward the end of [his/her] life, but leaving out the last month or so of [his/her] life. I will read situations where R's FIRST NAME had to use [his/her] memory or intelligence and we would like you to indicate whether this had improved, stayed the same, or gotten worse in that situation over that time period.

Note the importance of comparing [his/her] performance toward the end of [his/her] life with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago]. So if two years ago R's FIRST NAME always forgot where [he/she] had left things, and [he/she] still did, then this would be considered "not much change."

1. Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:

Remembering things about family and friends, such as occupations, birthdays, and addresses.

Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?

Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST IW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:

Remembering things about family and friends, such as occupations, birthdays, and addresses.

Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?

[ ] 1 IMPROVED

[ ] 2 NOT MUCH CHANGED - GO TO Q4

[ ] 3 GOTTEN WORSE - GO TO Q3

[ ] 4 DOES NOT APPLY; R DOESN'T DO ACTIVITY - GO TO Q4

[ ] 8 DK - GO TO Q4

[ ] 9 RF - GO TO Q4

2. Is it much improved or a bit improved?

[ ] 1 MUCH IMPROVED - GO TO Q4

[ ] 2 A BIT IMPROVED - GO TO Q4

[ ] 8 DK - GO TO Q4

[ ] 9 RF - GO TO Q4

3. Is it much worse or a bit worse?

[ ] 4 A BIT WORSE

[ ] 5 MUCH WORSE

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

4. Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:

Remembering things that have happened recently?

(Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:

Remembering things that had happened recently?

(Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

[ ] 1 IMPROVED

[ ] 2 NOT MUCH CHANGED - GO TO Q7

[ ] 3 GOTTEN WORSE- GO TO Q6

[ ] 4 DOES NOT APPLY; R DOESN'T DO ACTIVITY - GO TO Q7

[ ] 8 DK - GO TO Q7

[ ] 9 RF - GO TO Q7

5. Is it much improved or a bit improved?

[ ] 1 MUCH IMPROVED

[ ] 2 A BIT IMPROVED

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

GO TO Q7

6. Is it much worse or a bit worse?

[ ] 4 A BIT WORSE

[ ] 5 MUCH WORSE

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

7. (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:)

Recalling conversations a few days later?

(Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

(Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:)

Recalling conversations a few days later?

(Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

[ ] 1 IMPROVED

[ ] 2 NOT MUCH CHANGED - GO TO Q10

[ ] 3 GOTTEN WORSE - GO TO Q9

[ ] 4 DOES NOT APPLY; R DOESN'T DO ACTIVITY - GO TO Q10

[ ] 8 DK - GO TO Q10

[ ] 9 RF - GO TO Q10

8. Is it much improved or a bit improved?

[ ] 1 MUCH IMPROVED

[ ] 2 A BIT IMPROVED

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

GO TO Q10

9. Is it much worse or a bit worse?

[ ] 4 A BIT WORSE

[ ] 5 MUCH WORSE

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

10. (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:)

Remembering [his/her] address and telephone number?

(Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

(Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:)

Remembering [his/her] address and telephone number?

(Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

[ ] 1 IMPROVED

[ ] 2 NOT MUCH CHANGED - GO TO Q13

[ ] 3 GOTTEN WORSE- GO TO Q12

[ ] 4 DOES NOT APPLY; R DOESN'T DO ACTIVITY - GO TO Q13

[ ] 8 DK - GO TO Q13

[ ] 9 RF - GO TO Q13

11. Is it much improved or a bit improved?

[ ] 1 MUCH IMPROVED

[ ] 2 A BIT IMPROVED

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

GO TO Q13

12. Is it much worse or a bit worse?

[ ] 4 A BIT WORSE

[ ] 5 MUCH WORSE

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

13. (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:)

Remembering what day and month it is?

(Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

(Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:)

Remembering what day and month it was?

(Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

[ ] 1 IMPROVED

[ ] 2 NOT MUCH CHANGED - GO TO Q16

[ ] 3 GOTTEN WORSE - GO TO Q15

[ ] 4 DOES NOT APPLY; R DOESN'T DO ACTIVITY - GO TO Q16

[ ] 8 DK - GO TO Q16

[ ] 9 RF - GO TO Q16

14. Is it much improved or a bit improved?

[ ] 1 MUCH IMPROVED

[ ] 2 A BIT IMPROVED

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

GO TO Q16

15. Is it much worse or a bit worse?

[ ] 4 A BIT WORSE

[ ] 5 MUCH WORSE

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

16. (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:)

Remembering where things are usually kept?

(Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

(Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST NTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:)

Remembering where things were usually kept?

(Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

[ ] 1 IMPROVED

[ ] 2 NOT MUCH CHANGED - GO TO Q19

[ ] 3 GOTTEN WORSE - GO TO Q18

[ ] 4 DOES NOT APPLY; R DOESN'T DO ACTIVITY - GO TO Q19

[ ] 8 DK - GO TO Q19

[ ] 9 RF - GO TO Q19

17. Is it much improved or a bit improved?

[ ] 1 MUCH IMPROVED

[ ] 2 A BIT IMPROVED

GO TO Q19

18. Is it much worse or a bit worse?

[ ] 4 A BIT WORSE

[ ] 5 MUCH WORSE

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

19. (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:)

Remembering where to find things which have been put in a different place than usual?

(Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

(Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:)

Remembering where to find things which had been put in a different place than usual?

(Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

[ ] 1 IMPROVED

[ ] 2 NOT MUCH CHANGED - GO TO Q22

[ ] 3 GOTTEN WORSE - GO TO Q21

[ ] 4 DOES NOT APPLY; R DOESN'T DO ACTIVITY - GO TO Q22

[ ] 8 DK - GO TO Q22

[ ] 9 RF - GO TO Q22

20. Is it much improved or a bit improved?

[ ] 1 MUCH IMPROVED

[ ] 2 A BIT IMPROVED

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

GO TO Q22

21. Is it much worse or a bit worse?

[ ] 4 A BIT WORSE

[ ] 5 MUCH WORSE

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

22. (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:)

Knowing how to work familiar machines around the house?

(Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

(Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:)

Knowing how to work familiar machines around the house?

(Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

[ ] 1 IMPROVED

[ ] 2 NOT MUCH CHANGED - GO TO Q25

[ ] 3 GOTTEN WORSE - GO TO Q24

[ ] 4 DOES NOT APPLY; R DOESN'T DO ACTIVITY - GO TO Q25

[ ] 8 DK - GO TO Q25

[ ] 9 RF - GO TO Q25

23. Is it much improved or a bit improved?

[ ] 1 MUCH IMPROVED

[ ] 2 A BIT IMPROVED

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

GO TO Q25

24. Is it much worse or a bit worse?

[ ] 4 A BIT WORSE

[ ] 5 MUCH WORSE

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

25. (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:)

Learning to use a new gadget or machine around the house?

(Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

(Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:)

Learning to use a new gadget or machine around the house?

(Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

[ ] 1 IMPROVED

[ ] 2 NOT MUCH CHANGED - GO TO Q28

[ ] 3 GOTTEN WORSE - GO TO Q27

[ ] 4 DOES NOT APPLY; R DOESN'T DO ACTIVITY - GO TO Q28

[ ] 8 DK - GO TO Q28

[ ] 9 RF - GO TO Q28

26. Is it much improved or a bit improved?

[ ] 1 MUCH IMPROVED

[ ] 2 A BIT IMPROVED

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

GO TO Q28

27. Is it much worse or a bit worse?

[ ] 4 A BIT WORSE

[ ] 5 MUCH WORSE

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

28. (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:)

Learning new things in general?

(Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

(Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:)

Learning new things in general?

(Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

[ ] 1 IMPROVED

[ ] 2 NOT MUCH CHANGED - GO TO Q31

[ ] 3 GOTTEN WORSE - GO TO Q30

[ ] 4 DOES NOT APPLY; R DOESN'T DO ACTIVITY - GO TO Q31

[ ] 8 DK - GO TO Q31

[ ] 9 RF - GO TO Q31

29. Is it much improved or a bit improved?

[ ] 1 MUCH IMPROVED

[ ] 2 A BIT IMPROVED

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

GO TO Q31

30. Is it much worse or a bit worse?

[ ] 4 A BIT WORSE

[ ] 5 MUCH WORSE

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

31. (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:)

Following a story in a book or on TV?

(Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

(Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:)

Following a story in a book or on TV?

(Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

[ ] 1 IMPROVED

[ ] 2 NOT MUCH CHANGED - GO TO Q34

[ ] 3 GOTTEN WORSE - GO TO Q33

[ ] 4 DOES NOT APPLY; R DOESN'T DO ACTIVITY - GO TO Q34

[ ] 8 DK - GO TO Q34

[ ] 9 RF - GO TO Q34

32. Is it much improved or a bit improved?

[ ] 1 MUCH IMPROVED

[ ] 2 A BIT IMPROVED

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

GO TO Q34

33. Is it much worse or a bit worse?

[ ] 4 A BIT WORSE

[ ] 5 MUCH WORSE

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

34. (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:)

Making decisions on everyday matters?

(Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

(Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:)

Making decisions on everyday matters?

(Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

[ ] 1 IMPROVED

[ ] 2 NOT MUCH CHANGED - GO TO Q37

[ ] 3 GOTTEN WORSE - GO TO Q36

[ ] 4 DOES NOT APPLY; R DOESN'T DO ACTIVITY- GO TO Q37

[ ] 8 DK - GO TO Q37

[ ] 9 RF - GO TO Q37

35. Is it much improved or a bit improved?

[ ] 1 MUCH IMPROVED

[ ] 2 A BIT IMPROVED

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

GO TO Q37

36. Is it much worse or a bit worse?

[ ] 4 A BIT WORSE

[ ] 5 MUCH WORSE

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

37. (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:)

Handling money for shopping?

(Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

(Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:)

Handling money for shopping?

(Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

[ ] 1 IMPROVED

[ ] 2 NOT MUCH CHANGED - GO TO Q40

[ ] 3 GOTTEN WORSE - GO TO Q439

[ ] 4 DOES NOT APPLY; R DOESN'T DO ACTIVITY - GO TO Q40

[ ] 8 DK - GO TO Q40

[ ] 9 RF - GO TO Q40

38. Is it much improved or a bit improved?

[ ] 1 MUCH IMPROVED

[ ] 2 A BIT IMPROVED

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

GO TO Q40

39. Is it much worse or a bit worse?

[ ] 4 A BIT WORSE

[ ] 5 MUCH WORSE

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

40. (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:)

Handling financial matters, that is, [his/her] pension or dealing with the bank?

(Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

(Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:)

Handling financial matters, for example, a pension or dealing with the bank?

(Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

[ ] 1 IMPROVED

[ ] 2 NOT MUCH CHANGED - GO TO Q43

[ ] 3 GOTTEN WORSE - GO TO Q42

[ ] 4 DOES NOT APPLY; R DOESN'T DO ACTIVITY - GO TO Q43

[ ] 8 DK - GO TO Q43

[ ] 9 RF - GO TO Q43

41. Is it much improved or a bit improved?

[ ] 1 MUCH IMPROVED

[ ] 2 A BIT IMPROVED

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

GO TO Q43

42. Is it much worse or a bit worse?

[ ] 4 A BIT WORSE

[ ] 5 MUCH WORSE

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

43. (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:)

Handling other everyday arithmetic problems, such as knowing how much food to buy, knowing how long between visits from family or friends? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

(Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:)

Handling other everyday arithmetic problems, such as knowing how much food to buy, knowing how long between visits from family or friends? (Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

[ ] 1 IMPROVED

[ ] 2 NOT MUCH CHANGED - GO TO Q46

[ ] 3 GOTTEN WORSE - GO TO Q45

[ ] 4 DOES NOT APPLY; R DOESN'T DO ACTIVITY - GO TO Q46

[ ] 8 DK - GO TO Q46

[ ] 9 RF - GO TO Q46

44. Is it much improved or a bit improved?

[ ] 1 MUCH IMPROVED

[ ] 2 A BIT IMPROVED

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

GO TO Q46

45. Is it much worse or a bit worse?

[ ] 4 A BIT WORSE

[ ] 5 MUCH WORSE

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

46. (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:)

Using [his/her] intelligence to understand what's going on and to reason things through?

(Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

(Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:)

Using [his/her] intelligence to understand what was going on and to reason things through?

(Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?)

[ ] 1 IMPROVED

[ ] 2 NOT MUCH CHANGED - GO TO Q49

[ ] 3 GOTTEN WORSE - GO TO Q48

[ ] 4 DOES NOT APPLY; R DOESN'T DO ACTIVITY - GO TO Q49

[ ] 8 DK - GO TO Q49

[ ] 9 RF - GO TO Q49

47. Is it much improved or a bit improved?

[ ] 1 MUCH IMPROVED

[ ] 2 A BIT IMPROVED

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

GO TO Q49

48. Is it much worse or a bit worse?

[ ] 4 A BIT WORSE

[ ] 5 MUCH WORSE

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

49. Now, thinking about some current behaviors, does [he/she] ever get lost in a familiar environment?

Did [he/she] ever get lost in a familiar environment?

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 5 NO

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

50. Does [he/she] ever wander off and not return by [himself/ herself]?

Did [he/she] ever wander off and not return by [himself/ herself]?

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 5 NO

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

51. Can [he/she] be left alone for an hour or so?

[Since R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/In the last two years] could [he/she] be left alone for an hour or so?

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 5 NO

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

52. Does [he/she] ever see or hear things that are not really there?

Did R's FIRST NAME ever see or hear things that were not really there?

[ ] 1 YES

[ ] 5 NO

[ ] 8 DK

[ ] 9 RF

Protocol Name from Source:

Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE)

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

The interviewer must be trained to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. The interviewer must be trained and found to be competent (i.e., tested by an expert) at the completion of personal interviews. The interviewer should be trained to prompt respondents further if a "don't know" response is provided.

Equipment Needs
The PhenX Working Group acknowledges these questions can be administered in a computerized or noncomputerized format (i.e., paper-and-pencil instrument). Computer software is necessary to develop computer-assisted instruments. The interviewer will require a laptop computer/handheld computer to administer a computer-assisted questionnaire.
Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Interviewer-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Senior

Participants:

65 years of age and older

Selection Rationale

The IQCODE is the most commonly used informant-based assessment of cognition.

Language

English, Spanish

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Geriatrics Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly Assessment Score 6356771 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel has yet to review this measure.

Source

Jorm, A. F. & Jacomb, P. A. (1989). The Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE): Socio-demographic correlates, reliability, validity and some norms. Psychological Medicine, 19(4), 1015-1022.

Health and Retirement Survey, 2016, Section D. Cognition Questions D505 to D557

General References

Jorm, A. F. (2004). The Informant Questionnaire on cognitive decline in the elderly (IQCODE): A review. International Psychogeriatrics, 16(3), 275-293.

Protocol ID:

250501

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Address_Phone_Decreased PX250501120000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Remembering [his/her] address and telephone number? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Remembering [his/her] address and telephone number? Is it much worse or a bit worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Address_Phone_Improved PX250501110000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Remembering [his/her] address and telephone number? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Remembering [his/her] address and telephone number? Is it much improved or a bit improved? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Address_Phone_Status PX250501100000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Remembering [his/her] address and telephone number? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R<92>s LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Remembering [his/her] address and telephone number? Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Conversations_Decreased PX250501090000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Recalling conversations a few days later? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Recalling conversations a few days later? Is it much worse or a bit worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Conversations_Improved PX250501080000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Recalling conversations a few days later? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Recalling conversations a few days later? Is it much improved or a bit improved? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Conversations_Status PX250501070000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Recalling conversations a few days later? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R<92>s LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Recalling conversations a few days later? Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Everyday_Arithmetic_Decreased PX250501450000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Handling other everyday arithmetic problems, such as knowing how much food to buy, knowing how long between visits from family or friends? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Handling other everyday arithmetic problems, such as knowing how much food to buy, knowing how long between visits from family or friends? Is it much worse or a bit worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Everyday_Arithmetic_Improved PX250501440000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Handling other everyday arithmetic problems, such as knowing how much food to buy, knowing how long between visits from family or friends? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Handling other everyday arithmetic problems, such as knowing how much food to buy, knowing how long between visits from family or friends? Is it much improved or a bit improved? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Everyday_Arithmetic_Status PX250501430000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Handling other everyday arithmetic problems, such as knowing how much food to buy, knowing how long between visits from family or friends? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R<92>s LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Handling other everyday arithmetic problems, such as knowing how much food to buy, knowing how long between visits from family or friends? Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Everyday_Decisions_Decreased PX250501360000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Making decisions on everyday matters? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Making decisions on everyday matters? Is it much worse or a bit worse?' N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Everyday_Decisions_Improved PX250501350000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Making decisions on everyday matters? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Making decisions on everyday matters? Is it much improved or a bit improved?' N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Everyday_Decisions_Status PX250501340000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Making decisions on everyday matters? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R<92>s LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Making decisions on everyday matters? Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?' N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Familiar_Environment PX250501490000 Now, thinking about some current behaviors, does [he/she] ever get lost in a familiar environment? Did [he/she] ever get lost in a familiar environment? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Familiar_Household_Machines_Decreased PX250501240000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Knowing how to work familiar machines around the house? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Knowing how to work familiar machines around the house? Is it much worse or a bit worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Familiar_Household_Machines_Improved PX250501230000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Knowing how to work familiar machines around the house? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Knowing how to work familiar machines around the house? Is it much improved or a bit improved? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Familiar_Household_Machines_Status PX250501220000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Knowing how to work familiar machines around the house? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R<92>s LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Knowing how to work familiar machines around the house? Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Family_Memory_Decreased PX250501030000 Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at: Remembering things about family and friends, such as occupations, birthdays, and addresses. Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST IW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at: Remembering things about family and friends, such as occupations, birthdays, and addresses. Is it much worse or a bit worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Family_Memory_Improved PX250501020000 Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at: Remembering things about family and friends, such as occupations, birthdays, and addresses. Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST IW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at: Remembering things about family and friends, such as occupations, birthdays, and addresses. Is it much improved or a bit improved? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Family_Memory_Status PX250501010000 Compared with two years ago, how is R<92>s FIRST NAME at: Remembering things about family and friends, such as occupations, birthdays, and addresses. Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R<92>s LAST IW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R<92>s FIRST NAME at: Remembering things about family and friends, such as occupations, birthdays, and addresses. Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Financial_Matters_Decreased PX250501420000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Handling financial matters, that is, [his/her] pension or dealing with the bank? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Handling financial matters, for example, a pension or dealing with the bank? Is it much worse or a bit worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Financial_Matters_Improved PX250501410000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Handling financial matters, that is, [his/her] pension or dealing with the bank? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Handling financial matters, for example, a pension or dealing with the bank? Is it much improved or a bit improved? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Financial_Matters_Status PX250501400000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Handling financial matters, that is, [his/her] pension or dealing with the bank? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R<92>s LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Handling financial matters, for example, a pension or dealing with the bank? Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Hallucinations PX250501520000 Does [he/she] ever see or hear things that are not really there? Did R's FIRST NAME ever see or hear things that were not really there? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Intelligence_Reasoning_Decreased PX250501480000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Using [his/her] intelligence to understand what's going on and to reason things through? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Using [his/her] intelligence to understand what was going on and to reason things through? Is it much worse or a bit worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Intelligence_Reasoning_Improved PX250501470000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Using [his/her] intelligence to understand what's going on and to reason things through? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Using [his/her] intelligence to understand what was going on and to reason things through? Is it much improved or a bit improved? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Intelligence_Reasoning_Status PX250501460000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Using [his/her] intelligence to understand what<92>s going on and to reason things through? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R<92>s LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Using [his/her] intelligence to understand what was going on and to reason things through? Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Items_Elsewhere_Decreased PX250501210000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Remembering where to find things which have been put in a different place than usual? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Remembering where to find things which had been put in a different place than usual? Is it much worse or a bit worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Items_Elsewhere_Improved PX250501200000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Remembering where to find things which have been put in a different place than usual? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Remembering where to find things which had been put in a different place than usual? Is it much improved or a bit improved? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Items_Elsewhere_Status PX250501190000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Remembering where to find things which have been put in a different place than usual? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R<92>s LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Remembering where to find things which had been put in a different place than usual? Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Keep_Items_Decreased PX250501180000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Remembering where things are usually kept? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST NTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Remembering where things were usually kept? Is it much worse or a bit worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Keep_Items_Improved PX250501170000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Remembering where things are usually kept? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST NTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Remembering where things were usually kept? Is it much improved or a bit improved? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Keep_Items_Status PX250501160000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Remembering where things are usually kept? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R<92>s LAST NTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Remembering where things were usually kept? Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Left_Alone PX250501510000 Can [he/she] be left alone for an hour or so? [Since R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/In the last two years] could [he/she] be left alone for an hour or so? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Month_Day_Decreased PX250501150000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Remembering what day and month it is? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Remembering what day and month it was? Is it much worse or a bit worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Month_Day_Improved PX250501140000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Remembering what day and month it is? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Remembering what day and month it was? Is it much improved or a bit improved? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Month_Day_Status PX250501130000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Remembering what day and month it is? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R<92>s LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Remembering what day and month it was? Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_New_Household_Machine_Decreased PX250501270000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Learning to use a new gadget or machine around the house? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Learning to use a new gadget or machine around the house? Is it much worse or a bit worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_New_Household_Machine_Improved PX250501260000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Learning to use a new gadget or machine around the house? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Learning to use a new gadget or machine around the house? Is it much improved or a bit improved? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_New_Household_Machine_Status PX250501250000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Learning to use a new gadget or machine around the house? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R<92>s LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Learning to use a new gadget or machine around the house? Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_New_Things_General_Decreased PX250501300000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Learning new things in general? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Learning new things in general? Is it much worse or a bit worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_New_Things_General_Improved PX250501290000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Learning new things in general? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Learning new things in general? Is it much improved or a bit improved? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_New_Things_General_Status PX250501280000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Learning new things in general? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R<92>s LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Learning new things in general? Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Recent_Events_Decreased PX250501060000 Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at: Remembering things that have happened recently? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at: Remembering things that had happened recently? Is it much worse or a bit worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Recent_Events_Improved PX250501050000 Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at: Remembering things that have happened recently? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at: Remembering things that had happened recently? Is it much improved or a bit improved?' N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Recent_Events_Status PX250501040000 Compared with two years ago, how is R<92>s FIRST NAME at: Remembering things that have happened recently? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R<92>s LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R<92>s FIRST NAME at: Remembering things that had happened recently? Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Shopping_Money_Decreased PX250501390000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Handling money for shopping? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Handling money for shopping? Is it much worse or a bit worse?' N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Shopping_Money_Improved PX250501380000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Handling money for shopping? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Handling money for shopping? Is it much improved or a bit improved? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Shopping_Money_Status PX250501370000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Handling money for shopping? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R<92>s LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Handling money for shopping? Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Story_Book_Television_Decreased PX250501330000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Following a story in a book or on TV? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Following a story in a book or on TV? Is it much worse or a bit worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Story_Book_Television_Improved PX250501320000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R's FIRST NAME at:) Following a story in a book or on TV? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R's LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R's FIRST NAME at:) Following a story in a book or on TV? Is it much improved or a bit improved? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Story_Book_Television_Status PX250501310000 (Compared with two years ago, how is R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Following a story in a book or on TV? (Has this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse?) (Compared with [when we interviewed [him/her] in R<92>s LAST INTERVIEW MONTH, YEAR/two years ago], how was R<92>s FIRST NAME at:) Following a story in a book or on TV? Had this improved, not much changed, or gotten worse? N/A
PX250501_Cognitive_Changes_Wander_Off PX250501500000 Does [he/she] ever wander off and not return by [himself/ herself]? Did [he/she] ever wander off and not return by [himself/ herself]? N/A
Geriatrics
Measure Name:

Cognitive Changes

Release Date:

N/A

Definition

A screening tool used to determine whether the subject's cognition has improved, stayed the same, or declined over the past two years.

Purpose

This assessment may be used to screen a person for cognitive changes and dementia.

Keywords

Cognition, memory, Health and Retirement Survey, HRS, Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly, IQCODE, gerontology, aging