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Protocol - Life Space

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Description:

An interview-administered questionnaire with nine yes/no questions.

Specific Instructions:

See the publication below for question by question guidelines for administration of the questionnaire.

Stalvey, B., Owsley, C., Sloane, M. E., Ball, K. (1999). The Life Space Questionnaire: A measure of the extent of mobility of older adults. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 18, 479-498.

Protocol:

The questions for the Life Space questionnaire are available in Table 1 of the publication below.

Stalvey, B., Owsley, C., Sloane, M. E., Ball, K. (1999). The Life Space Questionnaire: A measure of the extent of mobility of older adults. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 18, 479-498.

Protocol Name from Source:

The Life Space Questionnaire

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

The interviewer must be trained to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. The interviewer must be trained and found to be competent (i.e., tested by an expert) at the completion of personal interviews. The interviewer should be trained to prompt respondents further if a "don't know" response is provided.

Equipment Needs
The PhenX Working Group acknowledges that these questions can be administered in a computerized or noncomputerized format (i.e., paper-and-pencil instrument). Computer software is necessary to develop computer-assisted instruments. The interviewer will require a laptop computer/handheld computer to administer a computer-assisted questionnaire.
Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Interviewer-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Senior, Pregnancy

Participants:

55-85 years of age

Selection Rationale

This Life Space protocol has been used in studies showing that life space - or mobility area - that is covered is strongly and inversely associated with mortality.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Person Life Space Questionnaire Assessment Score 6360520 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel has not reviewed this measure yet.

Source

The Life Space Questionnaire

General References

Stalvey, B., Owsley, C., Sloane, M. E., Ball, K. (1999). The Life Space Questionnaire: A measure of the extent of mobility of older adults. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 18, 479-498.

Baker, P. S., Bodner, E. V., Allman, R. M. (2003). Measuring life-space mobility in community-dwelling older adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 51(11), 1610-1614.

Jansen, C.-P., Diegelmann, M., Schnabel, E. L., Wahl, H. W., & Hauer, K. (2017). Life-space and movement behavior in nursing home residents: results of a new sensor-based assessment and associated factors. BMC Geriatrics, 17, 36.

Mackey, D. C., Cauley, J. A., Barrett-Connor, E., Schousboe, J. T., Cawthon, P. M., Cummings, S. R. (2014). Life-space mobility and mortality in older men: a prospective cohort study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 62(7), 1288-1296. doi: 10.1111/jgs.12892.

Mackey, D. C., Lui, L. Y., Cawthon, P. M., Ensrud, K., Yaffe, K., Cummings, S. R. (2016). Life-space mobility and mortality in older women: Prospective results from the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society,64(11), 2226-2234. doi: 10.1111/jgs.14474.

Protocol ID:

251201

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
Geriatrics
Measure Name:

Life Space

Release Date:

N/A

Definition

Questionnaire identifying how much an individual gets out and about and the spatial extent of the person's typical life space.

Purpose

A key characteristic of mobility is the range of movement within an individual's environment. As people age and are in community-dwelling environments, their mobility often decreases.

Keywords

The Life Space Questionnaire, geriatrics, aging, movement, travel restriction, mobility, community-dwelling older adults, gerontology, aging