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Protocol - Dental Issues and Difficulty Chewing

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Description:

An interviewer administered series of nine questions about the subjects teeth, difficulty biting or chewing food and pain.

Specific Instructions:

None

Protocol:

1. Do you have any remaining natural teeth?

1[ ]Yes

0[ ]No

7[ ]Refused

2. Do you wear dentures?

1[ ]Yes (if yes, go to Q2b)

0[ ]No (if no, go to Q3)

7[ ]Refused (if refused, go to Q3)

2b. Do you have problems with the fit or pain from your dentures?

1[ ]Yes

0[ ]No

3. Do you have pain when you chew?

1[ ]Yes

0[ ]No

7[ ]Refused

4. How would you rate your overall oral health (teeth, gums, inside of mouth)? (Interviewer note: Read response options.)

1[ ]Excellent

3[ ]Good

4[ ]Fair

5[ ]Poor

8[ ]Dont know

7[ ]Refused

5. Do you limit the kinds or amounts of food you eat because of problems with your teeth or dentures? Would you say…? (Interviewer note: Read response options.)

4[ ]Always

3[ ]Often

2[ ]Sometimes

1[ ]Seldom

0[ ]Never

8[ ]Dont know

7[ ]Refused

6. Do you have trouble biting or chewing any kinds of foods, such as firm meat or apples? (Interviewer note: Read response options.)

4[ ]Always

3[ ]Often

2[ ]Sometimes

1[ ]Seldom

0[ ]Never

8[ ]Dont know

7[ ]Refused

7. During the past 3 months, how much pain have you had in your gums or teeth? (Interviewer note: read response options)

3[ ]A great deal of pain

2[ ]Some pain

1[ ]A little pain

0[ ]No pain at all

8[ ]Dont know

7[ ]Refused

8. During the past 3 months, how often have you had trouble chewing food or eating because of problems with your teeth or gums? (Interviewer note: Read response options.)

3[ ]Most of the time

2[ ]Some of the time

1[ ]A little of the time

0[ ]None of the time

8[ ]Dont know

7[ ]Refused

9. During the past 3 months, how much of the time have problems with the way your teeth or gums look caused you to avoid conversation with people? (Interviewer note: Read response options)

3[ ]Most of the time

2[ ]Some of the time

1[ ]A little of the time

0[ ]None of the time

8[ ]Dont know

7[ ]Refused

Protocol Name from Source:

Health, Aging and Body Composition Study Oral Health and Dental History Questions

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

The interviewer must be trained to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. The interviewer must be trained and found to be competent (i.e., tested by an expert) at the completion of personal interviews. The interviewer should be trained to prompt respondents further if a "dont know" response is provided

Equipment Needs
The PhenX Working Group acknowledges these questions can be administered in a computerized or noncomputerized format (i.e., paper-and-pencil instrument). Computer software is necessary to develop computer-assisted instruments. The interviewer will require a laptop computer/handheld computer to administer a computer-assisted questionnaire.
Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Interviewer-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Senior

Participants:

Men and women over 70 years of age

Selection Rationale

The Health, Aging and Body Composition Study (Health ABC) was a large longitudinal cohort interdisciplinary study focused on risk factors for the decline of function in healthier older persons. The study is highly cited and well-recognized in the research community. Items covering the overall rating of oral health, denture use and fit, effect of oral health on food intake, and effect of oral health on self-esteem/quality of life were included in this protocol because they are of specific interest in the geriatric population and were not represented elsewhere in the PhenX Toolkit.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Oral Health and Dental History Questions Assessment Score 6360524 CDE Browser
Human Phenotype Ontology Abnormality of masticatory muscle HP:0410011 HPO
Human Phenotype Ontology Impaired mastication HP:0005216 HPO
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

Not applicable.

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Source

The Health, Aging and Body Composition Study (Health ABC) Oral Health (Questions: 135-137) and Dental History (Questions: 42, 48, 49, 52-54).

General References

Lee, J. S., Weyant, R. J., Corby, P., Kritchevsky, S. B., Harris, T. B., Rooks, R., . . . Newman, A. B. (2004). Edentulism and nutritional status in a biracial sample of well-functioning, community-dwelling elderly: The Health, Aging, and Body composition Study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 79(2), 295-302.

Protocol ID:

251301

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
PX251301_Dental_Issues_Difficulty_Chewing_Dentures
PX251301020100 Do you wear dentures? N/A
PX251301_Dental_Issues_Difficulty_Chewing_Dentures_Fit_Pain
PX251301020200 Do you have problems with the fit or pain more
from your dentures? show less
N/A
PX251301_Dental_Issues_Difficulty_Chewing_Limit_Food
PX251301050000 Do you limit the kinds or amounts of food more
you eat because of problems with your teeth or dentures? Would you sayÔøΩ? (Interviewer note: Read response options.) show less
N/A
PX251301_Dental_Issues_Difficulty_Chewing_Pain
PX251301030000 Do you have pain when you chew? N/A
PX251301_Dental_Issues_Difficulty_Chewing_Rate_Oral_Health
PX251301040000 How would you rate your overall oral health more
(teeth, gums, inside of mouth)? (Interviewer note: Read response options.) show less
N/A
PX251301_Dental_Issues_Difficulty_Chewing_Remaining_Teeth
PX251301010000 Do you have any remaining natural teeth? N/A
PX251301_Dental_Issues_Difficulty_Chewing_Three_Month_Pain
PX251301080000 During the past 3 months, how often have you more
had trouble chewing food or eating because of problems with your teeth or gums? (Interviewer note: Read response options.) show less
N/A
PX251301_Dental_Issues_Difficulty_Chewing_Three_Month_Trouble_Chewing
PX251301090000 During the past 3 months, how much of the more
time have problems with the way your teeth or gums look caused you to avoid conversation with people? (Interviewer note: Read response options) show less
N/A
PX251301_Dental_Issues_Difficulty_Chewing_Trouble_Biting_Food_Meat_Apples
PX251301070000 During the past 3 months, how much pain have more
you had in your gums or teeth? (Interviewer note: read response options) show less
N/A
PX251301_Dental_Issues_Difficulty_Chewing_Trouble_Biting_Food_Teeth_Dentures
PX251301060000 Do you have trouble biting or chewing any more
kinds of foods, such as firm meat or apples? (Interviewer note: Read response options.) show less
N/A
Geriatrics
Measure Name:

Dental Issues and Difficulty Chewing

Release Date:

July 2, 2018

Definition

A questionnaire to assess oral health care and oral pain and problems associated with oral pain, particularly in older adults.

Purpose

Oral pain and the lack of teeth can lead to challenges in daily living such as eating, talking, and interacting with other people. Poor oral care and dental care can increase an individual's risk of serious health problems and are linked to an individual's overall health.

Keywords

Health ABC Study, dental care, teeth, oral hygiene, oral health, gerontology, aging