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Protocol - Dental Issues and Difficulty Chewing

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Description:

An interviewer administered series of nine questions about the subject's teeth, difficulty biting or chewing food and pain.

Protocol:

1. Do you have any remaining natural teeth?

[ ] 1 Yes

[ ] 0 No

[ ] 7 Refused

2. Do you wear dentures?

[ ] 1 Yes (if yes, go to Q2b)

[ ] 0 No (if no, go to Q3)

[ ] 7 Refused (if refused, go to Q3)

2b. Do you have problems with the fit or pain from your dentures?

[ ] 1 Yes

[ ] 0 No

3. Do you have pain when you chew?

[ ] 1 Yes

[ ] 0 No

[ ] 7 Refused

4. How would you rate your overall oral health (teeth, gums, inside of mouth)? (Interviewer note: Read response options.)

[ ] 1 Excellent

[ ] 3 Good

[ ] 4 Fair

[ ] 5 Poor

[ ] 8 Don't know

[ ] 7 Refused

5. Do you limit the kinds or amounts of food you eat because of problems with your teeth or dentures? Would you say? (Interviewer note: Read response options.)

[ ] 4 Always

[ ] 3 Often

[ ] 2 Sometimes

[ ] 1 Seldom

[ ] 0 Never

[ ] 8 Don't know

[ ] 7 Refused

6. Do you have trouble biting or chewing any kinds of foods, such as firm meat or apples? (Interviewer note: Read response options.)

[ ] 4 Always

[ ] 3 Often

[ ] 2 Sometimes

[ ] 1 Seldom

[ ] 0 Never

[ ] 8 Don't know

[ ] 7 Refused

7. During the past 3 months, how much pain have you had in your gums or teeth? (Interviewer note: read response options)

[ ] 3 A great deal of pain

[ ] 2 Some pain

[ ] 1 A little pain

[ ] 0 No pain at all

[ ] 8 Don't know

[ ] 7 Refused

8. During the past 3 months, how often have you had trouble chewing food or eating because of problems with your teeth or gums? (Interviewer note: Read response options.)

[ ] 3 Most of the time

[ ] 2 Some of the time

[ ] 1 A little of the time

[ ] 0 None of the time

[ ] 8 Don't know

[ ] 7 Refused

9. During the past 3 months, how much of the time have problems with the way your teeth or gums look caused you to avoid conversation with people? (Interviewer note: Read response options)

[ ] 3 Most of the time

[ ] 2 Some of the time

[ ] 1 A little of the time

[ ] 0 None of the time

[ ] 8 Don't know

[ ] 7 Refused

Protocol Name from Source:

Health, Aging and Body Composition Study Oral Health and Dental History Questions

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

The interviewer must be trained to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. The interviewer must be trained and found to be competent (i.e., tested by an expert) at the completion of personal interviews. The interviewer should be trained to prompt respondents further if a "don't know" response is provided

Equipment Needs
The PhenX Working Group acknowledges these questions can be administered in a computerized or noncomputerized format (i.e., paper-and-pencil instrument). Computer software is necessary to develop computer-assisted instruments. The interviewer will require a laptop computer/handheld computer to administer a computer-assisted questionnaire.
Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Mode of Administration

Interviewer-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Participants:

Men and women over 70 years of age

Specific Instructions:
Selection Rationale

The Health, Aging and Body Composition Study (Health ABC) was a large longitudinal cohort interdisciplinary study focused on risk factors for the decline of function in healthier older persons. The study is highly cited and well-recognized in the research community. Items covering the overall rating of oral health, denture use and fit, effect of oral health on food intake, and effect of oral health on self-esteem/quality of life were included in this protocol because they are of specific interest in the geriatric population and were not represented elsewhere in the PhenX Toolkit.

Language

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Oral Health and Dental History Questions Assessment Score 6360524 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel has not reviewed this measure yet.

Source

The Health, Aging and Body Composition Study (Health ABC) Oral Health (Questions: 135-137) and Dental History (Questions: 42, 48, 49, 52-54).

General References
Protocol ID:

251301

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Dental Issues and Difficulty Chewing

Release Date:

N/A

Definition

A questionnaire to assess oral health care and oral pain and problems associated with oral pain, particularly in older adults.

Purpose

Oral pain and the lack of teeth can lead to challenges in daily living such as eating, talking, and interacting with other people. Poor oral care and dental care can increase an individual's risk of serious health problems and are linked to an individual's overall health.

Keywords

Health ABC Study, dental care, teeth, oral hygiene, oral health, gerontology, aging