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Protocol - Psychological Resilience

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Description:

A self-administered questionnaire with six Likert-style items.

Specific Instructions:

A self-administered questionnaire with six Likert-style items.

Scoring note:

Items 1, 3, and 5 are positively worded, and items 2, 4, and 6 are negatively worded. The BRS is scored by reverse-coding items 2, 4, and 6 and finding the mean of the six items.

Protocol:

Please respond to each item by marking one box per row:

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

Neutral

Agree

Strongly Agree

1.

I tend to bounce back quickly after hard times

1 [ ]

2 [ ]

3 [ ]

4 [ ]

5 [ ]

2.

I have a hard time making it through stressful events

5 [ ]

4 [ ]

3 [ ]

2 [ ]

1 [ ]

3.

It does not take me long to recover from a stressful event

1 [ ]

2 [ ]

3 [ ]

4 [ ]

5 [ ]

4.

It is hard for me to snap back when something bad happens

5 [ ]

4 [ ]

3 [ ]

2 [ ]

1 [ ]

5.

I usually come through difficult times with little trouble

1 [ ]

2 [ ]

3 [ ]

4 [ ]

5 [ ]

6.

I tend to take a long time to get over set-backs in my life

5 [ ]

4 [ ]

3 [ ]

2 [ ]

1 [ ]

Scoring: Add the responses varying from 1-5 for all six items giving a range from 6-30. Divide the total sum by the total number of questions answered.

My score: ______ item average / 6

Score interpretation

BRS score

Interpretation

1.00-2.99

Low resilience

3.00-4.30

Normal resilience

4.31-6.00

High resilience

Protocol Name from Source:

Brief Resilience Scale (BRS)

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs
None
Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adolescent, Senior, Pregnancy

Participants:

Adults age 18 and older

Selection Rationale

The Brief Resilience Scale (BRS) is a validated, widely used measure of resilience that uses as few items as necessary to accurately assess resilience. Among similar protocols, the BRS is the only measure that specifically assesses resilience in its original and most basic meaning: to bounce back or recover from stress.

Language

English, Spanish

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Psychological Brief Resilience Scale Assessment Scale 6360528 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel has not reviewed this measure yet.

Source

Brief Resilience Scale (BRS).

Smith, B. W., Dalen, J., Wiggins, K., Tooley, E., Christopher, P., & Bernard, J. (2008). The brief resilience scale: Assessing the ability to bounce back. International journal of behavioral medicine, 15(3), 194-200.

General References

Charney, D. S. (2004). Psychobiological mechanisms of resilience and vulnerability: Implications for successful adaptation to extreme stress. American Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 195-216.

Masten, A. S. (2001). Ordinary magic: Resilience processes in development. American Psychologist, 56, 227-238

Smith, B. W., Epstein, E. E., Oritz, J. A., Christopher, P. K., & Tooley, E. M. (2013). The Foundations of resilience: What are the critical resources for bouncing back from stress? In S. Prince-Embury & D. H. Saklofske (Eds.), Resilience in children, adolescents, and adults: Translating research into practice (pp. 167-187). New York: Springer.

Windle, G., Bennett, K. M., & Noyes, J. (2011). A methodological review of resilience measurement scales. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 9, 8.

Protocol ID:

251401

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX251401_Psychological_Resilience_Bounce_Back PX251401010000 I tend to bounce back quickly after hard times N/A
PX251401_Psychological_Resilience_Difficult_Times_Little_Trouble PX251401050000 I usually come through difficult times with little trouble N/A
PX251401_Psychological_Resilience_Long_Time_Set_Backs PX251401060000 I tend to take a long time to get over set-backs in my life N/A
PX251401_Psychological_Resilience_Recover_Stressful_Event PX251401030000 It does not take me long to recover from a stressful event N/A
PX251401_Psychological_Resilience_Snap_Back_Bad_Happens PX251401040000 It is hard for me to snap back when something bad happens N/A
PX251401_Psychological_Resilience_Stressful_Events PX251401020000 I have a hard time making it through stressful events N/A
Geriatrics
Measure Name:

Resilience

Release Date:

N/A

Definition

A self-administered questionnaire to assess the ability to bounce back or recover from stress.

Purpose

An individual's ability to bounce back or recover from stress is key to being able to deal with life's challenges.

Keywords

Stressful events, difficult times, setback, adaptation, recovery, bounce back, Brief Resilience Scale, BRS, gerontology, aging