Protocol - Methods of Quitting Smoking Cigarettes - Adults
These self-administered questions ask current smokers about their attempts to stop smoking cigarettes within the past 3 months and what method or methods they used to quit.
Because these questions are asked of current cigarette smokers only, current cigarette smoking status should be ascertained before administering this protocol. The Smoking Cessation, Harm Reduction, and Biomarkers Working Group notes that these questions can also be asked of current users of other tobacco products or former smokers.
1. During the past 3 months, how many times have you stopped smoking for one day or longer because you were trying to quit smoking cigarettes for good?
Response: Enter number of times _____ [RANGE: 1 - 99]
[ ] Dont Know/Refused
2. [Ask only if Q1= one or more times] When you last tried to quit smoking, did you do any of the following? (Respondent was permitted to select one or more of the 10 quit-method categories used in his or her most recent quit attempt; thus, categories are not mutually exclusive.)
2A. Gave up cigarettes all at once
2B. Gradually cut back on cigarettes
2C. Substituted some regular cigarettes with e-cigarettes
2D. Used nicotine patch or nicotine gum
2E. Switched completely to e-cigarettes
2F. Switched to “mild” cigarettes
2G. Got help from a doctor or other health professional
2H. Used FDA-approved medications such as Zyban®1 or Chantix®2
2I. Got help from a website such as Smokefree.gov
2J. Got help from a telephone quitline
Personnel and Training Required
|Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection||No|
|Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual||No|
Mode of Administration
Adults (aged 18 or older)
Combinations of pharmacotherapy and behavioral approaches may be used in quitting smoking. This protocol captures number of quit attempts in the past 3 months, as well as the use of one or multiple methods in combination to quit.
|caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE)||Smoking Adult Cigarette Quitting Method Questionnaire Assessment Text||7580707||CDE Browser|
Process and Review
Protocol Name from Source
Caraballo RS, et al. Quit Methods Used by US Adult Cigarette Smokers, 2014-2016. Prev Chronic Dis, 2017.
Caraballo, R. S., Shafer, P. R., Patel, D., Davis, K. C., & McAfee, T. A. (2017). Quit methods used by US adult cigarette smokers, 2014-2016. Prevention of Chronic Disease, 14, E32.
Hummel, K., Nagelhout, G. E., Fong, G. T., Vardavas, C. I., Papadakis, S., HerbeÄ‡, A., Mons, U., van den Putte, B., Borland, R., Fernández, E., de Vries, H., McNeill, A., Gravely, S., PrzewoÅºniak, K., Kovacs, P., Trofor, A. C., & Willemsen, M. C. (2018). Quitting activity and use of cessation assistance reported by smokers in eight European countries: Findings from the EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys. Tobacco Induced Diseases, 16(Suppl 2), A6.
Papadakis, S., Katsaounou, P. A., Kyriakos, C. N., Balmford, J., Tzavara, C. K., Girvalaki, C., Driezen, P., Filippidis, F. T., Herbec, A., Hummel, K., McNeill, A., Mons, U., Fernández, E., Fu, M., Trofor, A., Demjén, T., ZatoÅ„ski, W., Willemsen, M. C., Fong, G. T., & Vardavas, C. (in press). Quitting behaviours and cessation methods used in 8 European Countries in 2018: Findings from the EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys. European Journal of Public Health, 30(Suppl 3), iii26-iii33.
Rodu, B., & Plurphanswat, N. (2017). Quit methods used by American smokers, 2013-2014. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(11), 1403.
Soulakova, J. N., & Crockett, L. J. (2017). Unassisted quitting and smoking cessation methods used in the United States: Analyses of 2010-2011 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey data. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 20(1), 30-39.
Sutanto, E., Miller, C., Smith, D. M., OConnor, R. J., Quah, A., Cummings, K. M., Xu, S., Fong, G. T., Hyland, A., Ouimet, J., Yoshimi, I., Mochizuki, Y., Tabuchi, T., & Goniewicz, M. L. (2019). Prevalence, use behaviors, and preferences among users of heated tobacco products: Findings from the 2018 ITC Japan Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(23), 4630.
Verbiest, M., Brakema, E., van der Kleij, R., Sheals, K., Allistone, G., Williams, S., McEwen, A., & Chavannes, N. (2017). National guidelines for smoking cessation in primary care: A literature review and evidence analysis. NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine, 27(1), 2.
|Variable Name||Variable ID||Variable Description||dbGaP Mapping|
|PX330301020200||When you last tried to quit smoking, did you more||N/A|
|PX330301020700||When you last tried to quit smoking, did you more||N/A|
|PX330301021000||When you last tried to quit smoking, did you more||N/A|
|PX330301020900||When you last tried to quit smoking, did you more||N/A|
|PX330301020800||When you last tried to quit smoking, did you more||N/A|
|PX330301020400||When you last tried to quit smoking, did you more||N/A|
|PX330301020300||When you last tried to quit smoking, did you more||N/A|
|PX330301020100||When you last tried to quit smoking, did you more||N/A|
|PX330301020500||When you last tried to quit smoking, did you more||N/A|
|PX330301020600||When you last tried to quit smoking, did you more||N/A|
|PX330301010100||During the past 3 months, how many times more||N/A|
|PX330301010200||During the past 3 months, how many times more||N/A|
Methods of Quitting Smoking Cigarettes - Adults
February 23, 2021
Describes strategies for stopping the use of tobacco products including electronic nicotine delivery systems.
To capture interventions for smoking cessation, pharmacological and behavioral strategies are common and, when used in combination, are likely to lead to higher levels of assisted success. Unassisted quitting is the most common approach.
Smoking Cessation, Harm Reduction, and Biomarkers, smoking, quitting smoking, quit, quit method, intervention, pharmacologic, behavioral, cessation strategies, electronic nicotine delivery systems, ENDS