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Protocol - Self-Efficacy for Not Smoking

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Description

The Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (SEQ-12) is a 12-item instrument that measures the confidence of current and former smokers in their ability to abstain from smoking in certain social or emotional situations. The SEQ-12 has two subscales measuring confidence in ability to refrain from smoking when facing internal stimuli (e.g., feeling depressed) and external stimuli (e.g., being with smokers).

Specific Instructions

These questions are asked of only current smokers making a serious attempt to quit smoking by themselves based on responses to the Smoking Quit Attempts protocol. Respondents are asked the cigarette nicotine dependence questions only if they have been classified as a current every-day smoker, current some-day smoker, or former smoker based on responses to the adult Cigarette Smoking Status protocols.

Protocol

The following are some situations in which certain people might be tempted to smoke. Please indicate whether you are sure that you could refrain from smoking in each situation:

Internal stimuli

1. When I feel nervous

1[ ]Not at all sure

2[ ]Not very sure

3[ ]More or less sure

4[ ]Fairly sure

5[ ]Absolutely sure

2. When I feel depressed

1[ ]Not at all sure

2[ ]Not very sure

3[ ]More or less sure

4[ ]Fairly sure

5[ ]Absolutely sure

3. When I am angry

1[ ]Not at all sure

2[ ]Not very sure

3[ ]More or less sure

4[ ]Fairly sure

5[ ]Absolutely sure

4. When I feel very anxious

1[ ]Not at all sure

2[ ]Not very sure

3[ ]More or less sure

4[ ]Fairly sure

5[ ]Absolutely sure

5. When I want to think about a difficult problem

1[ ]Not at all sure

2[ ]Not very sure

3[ ]More or less sure

4[ ]Fairly sure

5[ ]Absolutely sure

6. When I feel the urge to smoke.

1[ ]Not at all sure

2[ ]Not very sure

3[ ]More or less sure

4[ ]Fairly sure

5[ ]Absolutely sure

External stimuli

7. When having a drink with friends

1[ ]Not at all sure

2[ ]Not very sure

3[ ]More or less sure

4[ ]Fairly sure

5[ ]Absolutely sure

8. When celebrating something

1[ ]Not at all sure

2[ ]Not very sure

3[ ]More or less sure

4[ ]Fairly sure

5[ ]Absolutely sure

9. When drinking beer, wine or other spirits

1[ ]Not at all sure

2[ ]Not very sure

3[ ]More or less sure

4[ ]Fairly sure

5[ ]Absolutely sure

10. When I am with smokers

1[ ]Not at all sure

2[ ]Not very sure

3[ ]More or less sure

4[ ]Fairly sure

5[ ]Absolutely sure

11. After a meal

1[ ]Not at all sure

2[ ]Not very sure

3[ ]More or less sure

4[ ]Fairly sure

5[ ]Absolutely sure

12. When having coffee or tea

1[ ]Not at all sure

2[ ]Not very sure

3[ ]More or less sure

4[ ]Fairly sure

5[ ]Absolutely sure

Scoring Instructions

  • Sum the points for each subscale to compute two composite scores.
  • Composite scores are standardized to mean = 0 and SD = 1.
  • Valid answers to at least two questions were necessary to compute each score.

Please see Etter et al. (2000) for a complete description of the statistical analysis used for these questions. Also, Table 5 contains information on assessment of construct validity.

Availability

Available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Lifestage

Adult

Participants

Adult (aged 18 or older) current or former smokers (who quit within the last 2 years)

Selection Rationale

The Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire scale is valid and reliable, with application for research and clinical settings. It provides a low-burden measurement of an adult’s confidence in quitting smoking.

Language

English, French

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire 1 Refrain from Smoking when Nervous Score 5 Point Scale 5097146 CDE Browser
caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire 2 Refrain from Smoking when Depressed Score 5 Point Scale 5097147 CDE Browser
caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire 3 Refrain from Smoking when Angry Score 5 Point Scale 5097148 CDE Browser
caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire 4 Refrain from Smoking when Very Anxious Score 5 Point Scale 5097149 CDE Browser
caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire 5 Refrain from Smoking when Thinking about a Difficult Problem Score 5 Point Scale 5097150 CDE Browser
caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire 6 Refrain from Smoking when Feeling the Urge to Smoke Score 5 Point Scale 5097156 CDE Browser
caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire 7 Refrain from Smoking when Having a Drink with Friends Score 5 Point Scale 5097159 CDE Browser
caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire 8 Refrain from Smoking when Celebrating Something Score 5 Point Scale 5097162 CDE Browser
caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire 9 Refrain from Smoking when Drinking Alcohol Score Smoking 5 Point Scale 5097165 CDE Browser
caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire 10 Refrain from Smoking when with Other Smokers Score 5 Point Scale 5097168 CDE Browser
caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire 11 Refrain from Smoking After a Meal Score 5 Point Scale 5097171 CDE Browser
caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire 12 Refrain from Smoking When Having Coffee or Tea Score 5 Point Scale 5097175 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

Not Applicable

Protocol Name from Source

Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (SEQ-12)

Source

Etter, J., Bergman, M. M., Humair, J., & Perneger, T. (2000). Development and validation of a scale measuring self-efficacy of current and former smokers. Addiction, 95(6), 901-913.

General References

Clyde, M., Pipe, A., Els, C., Reid, R., & Tulloch, H. (2017). Factor structure of the Smoking Cessation Self-Efficacy Questionnaire among smokers with and without a psychiatric diagnosis. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 31(2), 162-170.

Clyde, M., Tulloch, H., Reid, R., Els, C., & Pipe, A. (2015). Task and barrier self-efficacy among treatment-seeking smokers with current, past or no psychiatric diagnosis. Addictive Behaviors, 46, 65-69.

Martinez, E., Tatum, K. L., Glass, M., Bernath, A., Ferris, D., Reynolds, P., & Schnoll, R. A. (2010). Correlates of smoking cessation self-efficacy in a community sample of smokers. Addictive Behaviors, 35(2), 175-178.

Naughton, F., Prevost, A. T., Gilbert, H., & Sutton, S. (2012). Randomized controlled trial evaluation of a tailored leaflet and SMS text message self-help intervention for pregnant smokers (MiQuit). Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 14(5), 569-577.

Schnoll, R. A., Martinez, E., Tatum, K. L., Glass, M., Bernath, A., Ferris, D., & Reynolds, P. (2011). Increased self-efficacy to quit and perceived control over withdrawal symptoms predict smoking cessation following nicotine dependence treatment. Addictive Behaviors, 36(1-2), 144-147.

Webb, M. S., Simmons, V. N., & Brandon, T. H. (2005). Tailored interventions for motivating smoking cessation: Using placebo tailoring to examine the influence of expectancies and personalization. Health Psychology, 24(2), 179-188.

Protocol ID

330801

Variables
Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
PX330801_Self_Efficacy_Smoking_Refrain_External_Stimuli_Celebrating
PX330801080000 Please indicate whether you are sure that more
you could refrain from smoking in each situation: When celebrating something show less
N/A
PX330801_Self_Efficacy_Smoking_Refrain_External_Stimuli_Coffee_Tea
PX330801120000 Please indicate whether you are sure that more
you could refrain from smoking in each situation: When having coffee or tea show less
N/A
PX330801_Self_Efficacy_Smoking_Refrain_External_Stimuli_Drinking
PX330801090000 Please indicate whether you are sure that more
you could refrain from smoking in each situation: When drinking beer, wine or other spirits show less
N/A
PX330801_Self_Efficacy_Smoking_Refrain_External_Stimuli_Meal
PX330801110000 Please indicate whether you are sure that more
you could refrain from smoking in each situation: After a meal show less
N/A
PX330801_Self_Efficacy_Smoking_Refrain_External_Stimuli_Others
PX330801100000 Please indicate whether you are sure that more
you could refrain from smoking in each situation: When I am with smokers show less
N/A
PX330801_Self_Efficacy_Smoking_Refrain_External_Stimuli_Social_Drinking
PX330801070000 Please indicate whether you are sure that more
you could refrain from smoking in each situation: When having a drink with friends show less
N/A
PX330801_Self_Efficacy_Smoking_Refrain_Internal_Stimuli_Angry
PX330801030000 Please indicate whether you are sure that more
you could refrain from smoking in each situation: When I am angry show less
N/A
PX330801_Self_Efficacy_Smoking_Refrain_Internal_Stimuli_Anxious
PX330801040000 Please indicate whether you are sure that more
you could refrain from smoking in each situation: When I feel very anxious show less
N/A
PX330801_Self_Efficacy_Smoking_Refrain_Internal_Stimuli_Depressed
PX330801020000 Please indicate whether you are sure that more
you could refrain from smoking in each situation: When I feel depressed show less
N/A
PX330801_Self_Efficacy_Smoking_Refrain_Internal_Stimuli_Difficult_Problem
PX330801050000 Please indicate whether you are sure that more
you could refrain from smoking in each situation: When I want to think about a difficult problem show less
N/A
PX330801_Self_Efficacy_Smoking_Refrain_Internal_Stimuli_Nervous
PX330801010000 Please indicate whether you are sure that more
you could refrain from smoking in each situation: When I feel nervous show less
N/A
PX330801_Self_Efficacy_Smoking_Refrain_Internal_Stimuli_Urge
PX330801060000 Please indicate whether you are sure that more
you could refrain from smoking in each situation: When I feel the urge to smoke. show less
N/A
Smoking Cessation, Harm Reduction and Biomarkers
Measure Name

Self-Efficacy for Not Smoking

Release Date

February 23, 2021

Definition

A questionnaire to determine perceived confidence in an adult’s ability to not smoke in different situations.

Purpose

Self-efficacy for not smoking is a neurobehavioral/cognitive risk factor that predicts relapse or failure to quit smoking.

Keywords

Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire, SEQ-12, Smoking Cessation, Harm Reduction, and Biomarkers, self-efficacy, efficacy, smoking, quitting smoking, quit, relapse

Measure Protocols
Protocol ID Protocol Name
330801 Self-Efficacy for Not Smoking
Publications

There are no publications listed for this protocol.