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Protocol - Calcium Intake - Adults

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Description:

These questions from the Five-Factor Screener were conducted by an interviewer in-person with the respondent and may be useful to assess an individual’s approximate intakes of several foods. These particular questions address calcium intake. No portion size questions are asked. This screener does not attempt to assess total diet.

Protocol:

*Read text if the respondent needs further clarification about the information requested.

These questions are about the different kinds of foods you ate or drank during the PAST MONTH, that is, the past 30 days. When answering, please include meals and snacks eaten at home, at work or school, in restaurants, and anyplace else.

1. During the past month, how often did you eat HOT OR COLD CEREALS? *Read if necessary: Include cereals eaten at any time of the day.

00 [ ] Never

01 [ ] 1-3 times last month

02 [ ] 1-2 times per week

03 [ ] 3-4 times per week

04 [ ] 5-6 times per week

05 [ ] 1 time per day

06 [ ] 2 times per day

07 [ ] 3 times per day

08 [ ] 4 times per day

09 [ ] 5 or more times per day

97 [ ] Refused

99 [ ] Don’t know

2. During the past month . . . When you ate cereal, which kinds did you usually eat? *Enter one or two types. Separate with a comma.

1 [ ] Cooked cereals (such as oatmeal, cream of wheat, grits)

2 [ ] All bran cereals (such as All Bran®, Fiber One®, 100% Bran®, or Bran Buds®)

3 [ ] Cereals with some bran or fiber (such as Cheerios®, Raisin Bran®, Shredded Wheat®, Total®, Wheaties®, 40% Bran Flakes®, Granola, Grape Nuts®, Müeslix®, etc.)

4 [ ] Cereals with little bran or fiber (such as Corn Flakes®, Honey Nut Cheerios®, Froot Loops®, Rice Krispies®, Kix®, Frosted Flakes®, Special K®, Cap’n Crunch®, Blueberry Morning®, Product 19®, etc.)

5 [ ] Other

6 [ ] Refused

7 [ ] Don’t know

3. During the past month . . . How often did you have MILK, either to drink or on cereal? Do NOT include small amounts of milk in coffee or tea. *Read if necessary: Do NOT include cream or soy milk. INCLUDE skim, no-fat, low-fat, whole milk, buttermilk, and lactose-free milk. Also INCLUDE chocolate or other flavored milks.

00 [ ] Never

01 [ ] 1-3 times last month

02 [ ] 1-2 times per week

03 [ ] 3-4 times per week

04 [ ] 5-6 times per week

05 [ ] 1 time per day

06 [ ] 2 times per day

07 [ ] 3 times per day

08 [ ] 4 times per day

09 [ ] 5 or more times per day

97 [ ] Refused

99 [ ] Don’t know

4. During the past month, how often did you drink regular, carbonated SODA OR SOFT DRINKS that contain sugar? Do NOT include diet soda. *Read if necessary: Do NOT include diet or sugar-free fruit drinks. Do NOT include juices or tea in cans. DO NOT include diet mineral water or diet flavored waters.

00 [ ] Never

01 [ ] 1-3 times last month

02 [ ] 1-2 times per week

03 [ ] 3-4 times per week

04 [ ] 5-6 times per week

05 [ ] 1 time per day

06 [ ] 2 times per day

07 [ ] 3 times per day

08 [ ] 4 times per day

09 [ ] 5 or more times per day

97 [ ] Refused

99 [ ] Don’t know

5. During the past month, how often did you drink 100% FRUIT JUICE, such as orange, mango, apple, and grape juices? Do NOT count fruit drinks. *Read if necessary: INCLUDE only 100% pure juices. Do NOT include fruit drinks with added sugar, like Kool-Aid®, Hi-C®, lemonade, cranberry cocktail, Gatorade®, Tampico®, and Sunny Delight®.

00 [ ] Never

01 [ ] 1-3 times last month

02 [ ] 1-2 times per week

03 [ ] 3-4 times per week

04 [ ] 5-6 times per week

05 [ ] 1 time per day

06 [ ] 2 times per day

07 [ ] 3 times per day

08 [ ] 4 times per day

09 [ ] 5 or more times per day

97 [ ] Refused

99 [ ] Don’t know

NOW we are going to ask about FRUIT-FLAVORED drinks WITH ADDED SUGAR.

6. How often did you drink FRUIT-FLAVORED DRINKS with sugar (such as Kool-Aid®, Hi-C®, lemonade, or cranberry cocktail)? Do NOT include diet drinks. *Read if necessary: INCLUDE Gatorade® and other sports drinks with added sugar. INCLUDE Tampico®, Sunny Delight® and Twister®. Do NOT include 100% fruit juices or soda. Do NOT include yogurt drinks or carbonated water.

00 [ ] Never

01 [ ] 1-3 times last month

02 [ ] 1-2 times per week

03 [ ] 3-4 times per week

04 [ ] 5-6 times per week

05 [ ] 1 time per day

06 [ ] 2 times per day

07 [ ] 3 times per day

08 [ ] 4 times per day

09 [ ] 5 or more times per day

97 [ ] Refused

99 [ ] Don’t know

7. During the past month . . . How often did you eat FRUIT? COUNT fresh, frozen, or canned fruit. Do NOT count juices. *Read if necessary: Include fruits such as apples, bananas, applesauce, melon, berries, fruit salad, mangos, papayas, oranges, and grapes.

00 [ ] Never

01 [ ] 1-3 times last month

02 [ ] 1-2 times per week

03 [ ] 3-4 times per week

04 [ ] 5-6 times per week

05 [ ] 1 time per day

06 [ ] 2 times per day

07 [ ] 3 times per day

08 [ ] 4 times per day

09 [ ] 5 or more times per day

97 [ ] Refused

99 [ ] Don’t know

8. During the past month . . . How often did you eat a green leafy or lettuce SALAD, with or without other vegetables? *Read if necessary: INCLUDE spinach salads

00 [ ] Never

01 [ ] 1-3 times last month

02 [ ] 1-2 times per week

03 [ ] 3-4 times per week

04 [ ] 5-6 times per week

05 [ ] 1 time per day

06 [ ] 2 times per day

07 [ ] 3 times per day

08 [ ] 4 times per day

09 [ ] 5 or more times per day

97 [ ] Refused

99 [ ] Don’t know

9. During the past month . . . How often did you eat FRENCH FRIES, home fries, or hash brown potatoes?

00 [ ] Never

01 [ ] 1-3 times last month

02 [ ] 1-2 times per week

03 [ ] 3-4 times per week

04 [ ] 5-6 times per week

05 [ ] 1 time per day

06 [ ] 2 times per day

07 [ ] 3 times per day

08 [ ] 4 times per day

09 [ ] 5 or more times per day

97 [ ] Refused

99 [ ] Don’t know

10. During the past month . . . How often did you eat other WHITE POTATOES? COUNT baked potatoes, boiled potatoes, mashed potatoes and potato salad. *Read if necessary: Do NOT include yams or sweet potatoes. INCLUDE red-skinned and Yukon Gold potatoes

00 [ ] Never

01 [ ] 1-3 times last month

02 [ ] 1-2 times per week

03 [ ] 3-4 times per week

04 [ ] 5-6 times per week

05 [ ] 1 time per day

06 [ ] 2 times per day

07 [ ] 3 times per day

08 [ ] 4 times per day

09 [ ] 5 or more times per day

97 [ ] Refused

99 [ ] Don’t know

11. During the past month . . . How often did you eat COOKED DRIED BEANS, such as refried beans, baked beans, bean soup, and pork and beans? Do NOT include green beans.

00 [ ] Never

01 [ ] 1-3 times last month

02 [ ] 1-2 times per week

03 [ ] 3-4 times per week

04 [ ] 5-6 times per week

05 [ ] 1 time per day

06 [ ] 2 times per day

07 [ ] 3 times per day

08 [ ] 4 times per day

09 [ ] 5 or more times per day

97 [ ] Refused

99 [ ] Don’t know

12. During the past month . . . Not counting what you just told me about (lettuce salads, white potatoes, cooked dried beans), and not counting rice, how often did you eat OTHER VEGETABLES? *Read if necessary: Examples of other vegetables include tomatoes, string beans, carrots, corn, sweet potatoes, cabbage, bean sprouts, collard greens, and broccoli.

00 [ ] Never

01 [ ] 1-3 times last month

02 [ ] 1-2 times per week

03 [ ] 3-4 times per week

04 [ ] 5-6 times per week

05 [ ] 1 time per day

06 [ ] 2 times per day

07 [ ] 3 times per day

08 [ ] 4 times per day

09 [ ] 5 or more times per day

97 [ ] Refused

99 [ ] Don’t know

13. During the past month . . . How often did you have TOMATO SAUCES such as spaghetti sauce or pizza with tomato sauce?

00 [ ] Never

01 [ ] 1-3 times last month

02 [ ] 1-2 times per week

03 [ ] 3-4 times per week

04 [ ] 5-6 times per week

05 [ ] 1 time per day

06 [ ] 2 times per day

07 [ ] 3 times per day

08 [ ] 4 times per day

09 [ ] 5 or more times per day

97 [ ] Refused

99 [ ] Don’t know

14. During the past month . . . How often did you have SALSA?

00 [ ] Never

01 [ ] 1-3 times last month

02 [ ] 1-2 times per week

03 [ ] 3-4 times per week

04 [ ] 5-6 times per week

05 [ ] 1 time per day

06 [ ] 2 times per day

07 [ ] 3 times per day

08 [ ] 4 times per day

09 [ ] 5 or more times per day

97 [ ] Refused

99 [ ] Don’t know

15. During the past month . . . How often did you eat WHOLE GRAIN BREAD including toast, rolls, and in sandwiches? Whole grain breads include whole wheat, rye, oatmeal, and pumpernickel. Do NOT include white bread. *Read if necessary: INCLUDE cracked wheat, multi-grain, and bran breads.

00 [ ] Never

01 [ ] 1-3 times last month

02 [ ] 1-2 times per week

03 [ ] 3-4 times per week

04 [ ] 5-6 times per week

05 [ ] 1 time per day

06 [ ] 2 times per day

07 [ ] 3 times per day

08 [ ] 4 times per day

09 [ ] 5 or more times per day

97 [ ] Refused

99 [ ] Don’t know

16. During the past month, how often did you eat DOUGHNUTS, sweet rolls, Danish, muffins, or Pop-Tarts®? Do NOT include sugar-free items. *Read if necessary: INCLUDE low-fat kinds

00 [ ] Never

01 [ ] 1-3 times last month

02 [ ] 1-2 times per week

03 [ ] 3-4 times per week

04 [ ] 5-6 times per week

05 [ ] 1 time per day

06 [ ] 2 times per day

07 [ ] 3 times per day

08 [ ] 4 times per day

09 [ ] 5 or more times per day

97 [ ] Refused

99 [ ] Don’t know

17. During the past month . . . How often did you eat COOKIES, CAKE, PIE, or BROWNIES? Do NOT include sugar-free kinds. *Read if necessary: INCLUDE low-fat kinds. Do NOT include ice cream and other frozen desserts or candy.

00 [ ] Never

01 [ ] 1-3 times last month

02 [ ] 1-2 times per week

03 [ ] 3-4 times per week

04 [ ] 5-6 times per week

05 [ ] 1 time per day

06 [ ] 2 times per day

07 [ ] 3 times per day

08 [ ] 4 times per day

09 [ ] 5 or more times per day

97 [ ] Refused

99 [ ] Don’t know

18. During the past month . . . How often did you eat any kind of CHEESE? Include cheese as a snack, cheese on burgers, sandwiches, or pizza, and cheese mixed into such foods as lasagna, enchiladas, or casseroles.

00 [ ] Never

01 [ ] 1-3 times last month

02 [ ] 1-2 times per week

03 [ ] 3-4 times per week

04 [ ] 5-6 times per week

05 [ ] 1 time per day

06 [ ] 2 times per day

07 [ ] 3 times per day

08 [ ] 4 times per day

09 [ ] 5 or more times per day

97 [ ] Refused

99 [ ] Don’t know

Scoring Procedures The following procedures are used to convert an individual’s responses to an estimate of that individual’s daily intake of calcium (mg):

1. The frequency reported categorically on the questionnaire is converted to the number of times consumed per day as shown below. In general, the midpoint of the frequency range was used.

Table 1. Conversion of Frequency Response to Times per Day

Frequency Response

Times per Day

Never

0

1-3 times per month

0.067

1-2 times per week

0.214

3-4 times per week

0.5

5-6 times per week

0.786

1 time per day

1

2 times per day

2

3 times per day

3

4 times per day

4

5 or more times per day

5

2. The age and gender-specific portion sizes (below) for each food are multiplied by the frequency calculated in Step 1.

Table 2a. Median Portion Size (Pk) in Grams per Mention by Age for Calcium: Men

Food Group

Age Group

18-27

28-37

38-47

48-57

58-67

68-77

78-99

Cooked cereals (P1)

354.000000

219.630000

247.000000

247.000000

234.000000

239.000000

234.000000

High-fiber Cereal (P2)

33.000000

33.000000

33.000000

33.000000

22.000000

22.000000

22.000000

Moderate-fiber cereal (P3)

84.000000

66.000000

58.000000

64.125000

50.000000

47.000000

39.000000

Low-fiber cereal (P4)

64.000000

54.000000

54.000000

40.625000

40.000000

30.375000

29.000000

Milk (P5)

325.333333

268.400000

274.500000

244.000000

233.833333

206.000000

183.000000

Regular soda (P6)

453.866667

372.000000

372.000000

372.000000

370.200000

368.400000

368.000000

Fruit drinks (P7)

480.000000

376.500000

378.265000

372.000000

306.000000

248.000000

248.000000

Fruit juice (P8)

372.000000

311.250000

249.000000

249.000000

248.000000

186.750000

186.750000

Fruit (P9)

131.750000

128.000000

123.200000

127.500000

122.000000

118.000000

114.250000

Salad (P10)

30.000000

47.833333

42.500000

41.250000

42.500000

41.250000

44.666667

French fries (P11)

112.500000

114.000000

100.000000

100.000000

85.500000

85.500000

97.000000

Other potatoes (P12)

210.000000

193.000000

193.000000

161.000000

150.000000

127.000000

113.250000

Dried beans (P13)

222.500000

188.095000

178.000000

189.750000

226.800000

199.333333

214.000000

Other vegetables (P14)

61.250000

74.166667

75.625000

81.666667

76.000000

73.332500

70.000000

Tomato sauce (P15)

63.000000

125.000000

125.000000

156.250000

122.500000

125.000000

125.000000

Salsa (P16)

62.250000

62.250000

49.275000

43.875000

16.000000

31.130000

31.130000

Whole grain bread (P17)

56.000000

54.000000

52.000000

52.000000

51.000000

48.250000

48.000000

Doughnuts, sweet rolls, muffins (P18)

71.000000

77.500000

72.800000

65.000000

63.000000

57.000000

57.000000

Cookies, pie, cake, brownies (P19)

64.000000

66.000000

66.000000

73.733333

67.500000

64.000000

61.000000

Cheese (P20)

35.440000

28.350000

30.470000

29.390000

28.350000

28.350000

28.350000

Table 2b. Median Portion Size (Pk) in Grams per Mention by Age for Calcium: Women

Food Group

Age Group

18-27

28-37

38-47

48-57

58-67

68-77

78-99

Cooked cereals (P1)

234.000000

234.000000

234.000000

234.000000

226.800000

234.000000

227.475000

High-fiber cereal (P2)

42.750000

42.750000

42.750000

42.750000

27.970000

27.970000

27.970000

Moderate-fiber cereal (P3)

60.000000

57.000000

53.000000

49.500000

42.000000

39.083333

40.000000

Low-fiber cereal (P4)

46.500000

37.500000

36.250000

33.000000

27.000000

26.000000

25.000000

Milk (P5)

244.000000

244.000000

244.000000

214.250000

183.750000

183.000000

183.000000

Regular soda (P6)

372.000000

372.000000

370.200000

368.400000

330.666667

366.000000

368.200000

Fruit drinks (P7)

360.000000

341.000000

250.000000

250.000000

248.000000

240.000000

221.200000

Fruit juice (P8)

280.125000

249.000000

248.800000

233.250000

189.755000

186.600000

186.700000

Fruit (P9)

118.000000

118.000000

118.000000

118.000000

118.000000

112.427143

109.000000

Salad (P10)

33.750000

32.083333

47.000000

55.000000

43.750000

34.333333

41.250000

French fries (P11)

79.500000

70.000000

70.000000

70.000000

66.000000

70.000000

64.000000

Other potatoes (P12)

122.000000

127.000000

119.000000

113.000000

105.000000

105.000000

105.000000

Dried beans (P13)

132.750000

126.500000

126.500000

141.750000

130.550000

172.000000

178.000000

Other vegetables (P14)

56.000000

62.043333

64.415000

64.920000

65.000000

67.375000

71.333333

Tomato sauce (P15)

125.000000

113.400000

62.500000

125.000000

62.500000

62.500000

62.500000

Salsa (P16)

32.000000

31.130000

36.565000

27.847500

31.130000

16.000000

16.000000

Whole grain bread (P17)

50.000000

48.000000

47.500000

45.000000

45.000000

42.400000

34.000000

Doughnuts, sweet rolls, muffins (P18)

67.333333

58.000000

57.000000

58.500000

57.000000

59.000000

47.000000

Cookies, pie, cake, brownies (P19)

56.700000

50.000000

48.800000

55.200000

57.000000

48.675000

52.666667

Cheese (P20)

28.250000

24.000000

24.000000

26.250000

28.350000

26.250000

28.350000

3. Regression coefficients (see below) are applied according to the equation below.

Parameter

Men

Women

Intercept (b0)

4.482732

4.155762

Cooked cereals (b1)

0.000318

0.000484

High-fiber cereal (b2)

0.006716

0.006744

Moderate-fiber cereal (b3)

-0.000355

0.000074

Low-fiber cereal (b4)

-0.002023

-0.001305

Milk (b5)

0.002204

0.002580

Regular soda (b6)

0.000089

0.000095

Fruit drinks (b7)

0.000105

0.000326

Fruit juice (b8)

0.000123

0.000195

Fruit (b9)

0.000170

0.000264

Salad (b10)

-0.000938

-0.000723

French fries (b11)

0.001159

0.000414

Other potatoes (b12)

0.000349

0.000489

Dried beans (b13)

0.000511

0.001035

Other vegetables (b14)

0.000400

0.000396

Tomato sauce (b15)

0.000948

0.000287

Salsa (b16)

0.002179

0.002679

Whole grain bread (b17)

0.000406

0.000680

Doughnuts, sweet rolls, muffins (b18)

0.001198

0.001873

Cookies, pie, cake, brownies (b19)

0.001771

0.002451

Cheese (b20)

0.014186

0.015442

To estimate calcium (mg), the model is: E (Dietary Factor).25 = b0 + b1NFG1P1 + b2NFG2P2 + ... + b20NFG20P20

For men: Quarter root of calcium (mgs) = 4.482732 + 0.000318 (Daily Frequency * Gender/Age Specific Portion Size per Mention for Cooked cereals ) + 0.006716 (Daily Frequency * Gender/Age Specific Portion Size per Mention for High-fiber Cereal) + ... + 0.014186 (Daily Frequency * Gender/Age Specific Portion Size per Mention for Cheese)

For women: Quarter root of calcium (mgs) = 4.155762 + 0.000484 (Daily Frequency * Gender/Age Specific Portion Size per Mention for Cooked cereals ) + 0.006744 (Daily Frequency * Gender/Age Specific Portion Size per Mention for High-fiber Cereal) + ... + 0.015442 (Daily Frequency * Gender/Age Specific Portion Size per Mention for Cheese)

All Bran®, Bran Buds®, Raisin Bran®, Pop-Tarts®, Müeslix®, Corn Flakes®, Froot Loops®, Rice Krispies®, Frosted Flakes®, Special K®, and Product 19® are registered trademarks of Kellogg NA Co. Fiber One®, Cheerios®, Total®, Wheaties®, Honey Nut Cheerios®, and Kix® are registered trademarks of General Mills Inc. 100% Bran®, Shredded Wheat®, 40% Bran®, Grape Nuts®, and Blueberry Morning® are registered trademarks of Post Foods, LLC. Cap’n Crunch® is a registered trademark of Quaker Oats Company; Kool-Aid® is a registered trademark of Kraft Foods Inc.; Hi-C® is a registered trademark of The Coca-Cola Company; Gatorade® is a registered trademark of PepsiCo Inc.; Tampico® is a registered trademark of Tampico Beverages, Inc.; Sunny Delight® is a registered trademark of Sunny Delight Beverages Co.; Twister® is a registered trademark of Tropicana Products, Inc.

Protocol Name from Source:

2005 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Diet and Nutrition Questionnaire

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

The interviewer must be trained to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. The interviewer must be trained and found to be competent (i.e., tested by an expert) at the completion of personal interviews. The interviewer should be trained to prompt respondents further if a "don’t know" response is provided. These questions can be administered using multiple modes (e.g., paper-and-pencil and computer-assisted interviews).

Equipment Needs

Although the source instrument was developed to be administered by computer, the PhenX Working Group acknowledges that these questions can be administered in a noncomputerized format (i.e., paper-and-pencil instrument). Computer software is necessary to develop computer-assisted instruments. The interviewer will require a laptop or handheld computer to administer a computer-assisted questionnaire.

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual Yes
Mode of Administration

Interviewer-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adult, Senior

Participants:

Ages 18 years or older

Specific Instructions:

None

Selection Rationale

This instrument was determined to be low burden, collects dietary intake information on a nutrient that is known to interact with gene variants in chronic disease, and has been validated against the 24-hour recall dietary methodology.

Language

English, Spanish

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Adult Daily Calcium Intake Value in Milligram 2944681 CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) PhenX - calcium intake - adult protocol 62289-4 LOINC
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel #1 reviewed the measures in the Anthropometrics, Diabetes, Physical Activity and Physical Fitness, and Nutrition and Dietary Supplements domains.

Guidance from the ERP includes:

• No significant changes to measure

Back-compatible: no changes to Data Dictionary

Previous version in Toolkit archive (link)

Source

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. (2005). National Health Interview Survey, Diet and Nutrition Questionnaire. Questions NAC.010_00.00 (question 1), NAC.015_00.00 (question 2), NAC.020_00.00 (question 3), NAC.030_00.00 (question 4), NAC.040_00.00 (question 5), NAC.060_00.00 (question 6), NAC.070_00.00 (question 7), NAC.090_00.00 (question 8), NAC.100_00.00 (question 9), NAC.110_00.00 (question 10), NAC.120_00.00 (question 11), NAC.130_00.00 (question 12), NAC.131_00.00 (question 13), NAC.132_00.00 (question 14), NAC.135_00.00 (question 15), NAC.136_00.00 (question 16), NAC.137_00.00 (question 17), and NAC.138_00.00 (question 18).

National Cancer Institute. (2005). Five-Factor Screener, National Health Interview Survey, Diet and Nutrition. NAC.010-NAC.138

General References

National Cancer Institute. (2005). Five-factor screener: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) validation results. Retrieved from https://phenxtoolkit.org/domains/view/50000#tab4content

Protocol ID:

50202

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX050202_Bean_Frequency PX050202110000 During the past month... How often did you eat COOKED DRIED BEANS, such as refried beans, baked beans, bean soup, and pork and beans? Do NOT include green beans. 4 N/A
PX050202_Cereal_Frequency PX050202010000 During the past month, how often did you eat HOT OR COLD CEREALS? *Read if necessary: Include cereals eaten at any time of the day. 4 N/A
PX050202_Cereal_Variety PX050202020000 During the past month... When you ate cereal, which kinds did you usually eat? *Enter one or two types. Separate with a comma. 4 N/A
PX050202_Cheese_Frequency PX050202180000 During the past month... How often did you eat any kind of CHEESE? Include cheese as a snack, cheese on burgers, sandwiches, or pizza, and cheese mixed into such foods as lasagna, enchiladas or casseroles. 4 N/A
PX050202_Cookie_Cake_Pie_Frequency PX050202170000 During the past month... How often did you eat COOKIES, CAKE, PIE, or BROWNIES? Do NOT include sugar-free kinds. *Read if necessary: INCLUDE low-fat kinds. Do NOT include ice cream and other frozen desserts or candy. 4 N/A
PX050202_Doughnut_Frequency PX050202160000 During the past month, how often did you eat DOUGHNUTS, sweet rolls, Danish, muffins, or pop-tarts? Do NOT include sugar-free items. *Read if necessary: INCLUDE low-fat kinds 4 N/A
PX050202_French_Fries_Frequency PX050202090000 During the past month... How often did you eat FRENCH FRIES, home fries, or hash brown potatoes? 4 N/A
PX050202_Fruit_Flavored_Drink_Frequency PX050202060000 How often did you drink FRUIT-FLAVORED DRINKS with sugar (such as Kool-aid, Hi-C, lemonade, or cranberry cocktail)? Do NOT include diet drinks. *Read if necessary: INCLUDE Gatorade and other sports drinks with added sugar. INCLUDE Tampico, Sunny Delight and Twister. Do NOT include 100% fruit juices or soda. Do NOT include yogurt drinks or carbonated water. 4 N/A
PX050202_Fruit_Frequency PX050202070000 During the past month... How often did you eat FRUIT? COUNT fresh, frozen, or canned fruit. Do NOT count juices. *Read if necessary: Include fruits such as apples, bananas, applesauce, melon, berries, fruit salad, mangos, papayas, oranges, and grapes. 4 N/A
PX050202_Fruit_Juice_Frequency PX050202050000 During the past month, how often did you drink 100% FRUIT JUICE, such as orange, mango, apple, and grape juices? Do NOT count fruit drinks. *Read if necessary: INCLUDE only 100% pure juices. Do NOT include fruit drinks with added sugar, like Kool-aid, Hi-C, lemonade, cranberry cocktail, Gatorade, Tampico, and Sunny Delight. 4 N/A
PX050202_Milk_Frequency PX050202030000 During the past month... How often did you have MILK, either to drink or on cereal? Do NOT include small amounts of milk in coffee or tea. *Read if necessary: Do NOT include cream or soy milk. INCLUDE skim, no-fat, low-fat, whole milk, buttermilk, and lactose-free milk. Also INCLUDE chocolate or other flavored milks. 4 N/A
PX050202_Other_Vegetable_Frequency PX050202120000 During the past month... Not counting what you just told me about (lettuce salads, white potatoes, cooked dried beans), and not counting rice, how often did you eat OTHER VEGETABLES? *Read if necessary: Examples of other vegetables include tomatoes, string beans, carrots, corn, sweet potatoes, cabbage, bean sprouts, collard greens, and broccoli. 4 N/A
PX050202_Salad_Frequency PX050202080000 During the past month, how often did you eat a green leafy or lettuce SALAD, with or without other vegetables? *Read if necessary: INCLUDE spinach salads 4 N/A
PX050202_Salsa_Frequency PX050202140000 During the past month... How often did you have SALSA? 4 N/A
PX050202_Soda_Frequency PX050202040000 During the past month, how often did you drink regular, carbonated SODA OR SOFT DRINKS that contain sugar? Do NOT include diet soda. *Read if necessary: Do NOT include diet or sugar-free fruit drinks. Do NOT include juices or tea in cans. DO NOT include diet mineral water or diet flavored waters. 4 N/A
PX050202_Tomato_Sauce_Frequency PX050202130000 During the past month... How often did you have TOMATO SAUCES such as spaghetti sauce or pizza with tomato sauce? 4 N/A
PX050202_White_Potato_Frequency PX050202100000 During the past month... How often did you eat other WHITE POTATOES? COUNT baked potatoes, boiled potatoes, mashed potatoes and potato salad. *Read if necessary: Do NOT include yams or sweet potatoes. INCLUDE red-skinned and Yukon Gold potatoes 4 N/A
PX050202_Whole_Grain_Bread_Frequency PX050202150000 During the past month... How often did you eat WHOLE GRAIN BREAD including toast, rolls and in sandwiches? Whole grain breads include whole wheat, rye, oatmeal and pumpernickel. Do NOT include white bread. *Read if necessary: INCLUDE cracked wheat, multi-grain and bran breads. 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Calcium Intake (Daily)

Release Date:

October 1, 2015

Definition

A measure to estimate an individual’s daily average intake of calcium in milligrams over the past 30 days.

Purpose

Calcium is an element critical to many body functions including bone growth and maintenance, muscle and nerve control, blood clotting, and blood pressure regulation.

Keywords

Nutrition and dietary supplements, mineral, total dietary intake, bone, bone growth, blood pressure, muscle control, nerve control, blood clotting, NHIS