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Protocol - Social Support

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Description:

The Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Social Support Survey is a self-administered questionnaire that that includes 19 items across four functional support subscales: emotional/informational support (8 items), tangible/instrumental support (4 items), affectionate support (3 items), and positive social interaction (3 items). Each item is scored on a 5-point Likert style scale (1 = None of the Time; 5 = All of the Time) to indicate how often that type of support is available to them. A score for each social support subscale can be computed by averaging across the individual items or by adding scores individual items together. Higher scores indicate more support.

Protocol:

Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Social Support Survey

People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each of the following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number on each line.

None of the Time

A little of the Time

Some of the Time

Most of the Time

All of the Time

1. Someone to help you if you were confined to bed.

1

2

3

4

5

2. Someone you can count on to listen to you when you need to talk.

1

2

3

4

5

3. Someone to give you good advice about a crisis.

1

2

3

4

5

4. Someone to take you to the doctor if you needed it.

1

2

3

4

5

5. Someone who shows you love and affection.

1

2

3

4

5

6. Someone to have a good time with.

1

2

3

4

5

7. Someone to give you information to help you understand a situation.

1

2

3

4

5

8. Someone to confide in or talk to about yourself or your problems.

1

2

3

4

5

9. Someone who hugs you.

1

2

3

4

5

10. Someone to get together with for relaxation.

1

2

3

4

5

11. Someone to prepare your meals if you were unable to do it yourself.

1

2

3

4

5

12. Someone whose advice you really want.

1

2

3

4

5

13. Someone to do things with to help get your mind off things.

1

2

3

4

5

14. Someone to help with daily chores if you were sick.

1

2

3

4

5

15. Someone to share your most private worries and fears with.

1

2

3

4

5

16. Someone to turn to for suggestions about how to deal with a personal problem.

1

2

3

4

5

17. Someone to do something enjoyable with.

1

2

3

4

5

18. Someone who understands your problems.

1

2

3

4

5

19. Someone to love and make you feel wanted.

1

2

3

4

5

Scoring:

A score for each social support subscale can be computed as either a total score or an average for the individual items. Higher scores indicate more support.

Emotional/informational support: items 2, 3, 7, 8, 12, 15, 16, 18

Tangible support: items 1, 4, 11, 14

Affectionate support: items 5, 9, 19

Positive social interaction: items 6, 10, 17

Protocol Name from Source:

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adult

Participants:

Adults, ages 18 years and older

Specific Instructions:

None

Selection Rationale

The Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Social Support Survey is a brief, widely used, self-administered survey with established reliability and validity that captures the availability of functional social support.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Social Support Questionnaire Score 4588688 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

Sherbourne, C. D., & Stewart, A. L. (1991). The MOS social support survey. Social Science and Medicine, 32(6), 705-714.

General References

Amstadter, A. B., Koenen, K. C., Ruggiero, K. J., Acierno, R., Galea, S., Kilpatrick, D. G., & Gelernter, J. (2009). Variant in RGS2 moderates posttraumatic stress symptoms following potentially traumatic event exposure. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23(3), 369-373.

Boscarino, J. A., Kirchner, H. L., Hoffman, S. N., Sartorius, J., & Adams, R. E. (2011). PTSD and alcohol use after the World Trade Center attacks: A longitudinal study. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 24(5): 515-525.

Price, M., Gros, D. F., Strachan, M., Ruggiero, K. J., & Acierno, R. (2013). The role of social support in exposure therapy for Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom veterans: A preliminary investigation. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 5(1), 93-100.

Protocol ID:

630501

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX630501_Support_Advice_Want PX630501120000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone whose advice you really want. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Confide_Problems PX630501080000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone to confide in or talk to about yourself or your problems. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Confined_Bed PX630501010000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone to help you if you were confined to bed. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Do_Enjoyable_Things PX630501170000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone to do something enjoyable with. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Do_Things_With PX630501130000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone to do things with to help get your mind off things. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Good_Advice PX630501030000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone to give you good advice about a crisis. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Good_Time PX630501060000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone to have a good time with. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Help_Chores PX630501140000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone to help with daily chores if you were sick. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Hugs PX630501090000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone who hugs you. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Information_Help PX630501070000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone to give you information to help you understand a situation. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Listen PX630501020000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone you can count on to listen to you when you need to talk. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Love_Affection PX630501050000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone who shows you love and affection. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Love_Feel_Wanted PX630501190000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone to love and make you feel wanted. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Prepare_Meals PX630501110000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone to prepare your meals if you were unable to do it yourself. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Relax PX630501100000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone to get together with for relaxation. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Share_Worries_Fears PX630501150000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone to share your most private worries and fears with. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Transport_Doctor PX630501040000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone to take you to the doctor if you needed it. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Turn_To_Problems PX630501160000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone to turn to for suggestions about how to deal with a personal problem. 4 N/A
PX630501_Support_Understands_Problems PX630501180000 People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, or other types of support. How often is each oft eh following kinds of support available to you if you need it? Circle one number for each line. Someone who understands your problems. 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Social Support

Release Date:

November 21, 2014

Definition

A questionnaire to determine level and type of social support.

Purpose

This measure assesses the degree to which interpersonal relationships serve particular functions. In particular, it asks how often the respondent can rely on other people for emotional, tangible, and affectionate support and positive interaction.

Keywords

Social support, Affection, Emotional support, Social companionship, Instrumental support