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Protocol - Perceived Social Support Conflict

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Description:

The respondent completes three groups of questions about interactions with spouse/partner, family, and friends. Each group includes social support questions about how much they care about you, how much they understand the way you feel, if you can rely on them, and if you can talk to them about your worries. Each group also includes social conflict questions such as if the family members or friends make too many demands on you, criticize you, let you down when you are counting on them, or get on your nerves.

Protocol:

1. The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item.

Answer how much for each of these items. A lot (1), Some (2), A little (3), Not at all (4)

  1. How much does your spouse or partner really care about you? 1 2 3 4
  2. How much does he or she understand the way you feel about things? 1 2 3 4
  3. How much does he or she appreciate you? 1 2 3 4
  4. How much can you rely on him or her for help if you have a serious problem? 1 2 3 4
  5. How much can you open up to him or her if you need to talk about your worries? 1 2 3 4
  6. How much can you relax and be yourself around him or her? 1 2 3 4

Answer how often for each of these items. Often (1), Sometimes (2), Rarely (3), Never (4)

  1. How often does your spouse or partner make too many demands on you? 1 2 3 4
  2. How often does he or she make you feel tense? 1 2 3 4
  3. How often does he or she argue with you? 1 2 3 4
  4. How often does he or she criticize you? 1 2 3 4
  5. How often does he or she let you down when you are counting on him or her? 1 2 3 4
  6. How often does he or she get on your nerves? 1 2 3 4

2. The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item.

Answer how much for each of these items. A lot (1), Some (2), A little (3), Not at all (4)

  1. Not including your spouse or partner, how much do members of your family really care about you? 1 2 3 4
  2. How much do they understand the way you feel about things? 1 2 3 4
  3. How much can you rely on them for help if you have a serious problem? 1 2 3 4
  4. How much can you open up to them if you need to talk about your worries? 1 2 3 4
  5. How much do you really care about the members of your family, not including your partner or spouse? 1 2 3 4
  6. How much do you understand the way they feel about things? 1 2 3 4

Answer how often for each of these items. Often (1), Sometimes (2), Rarely (3), Never (4)

  1. Not including your spouse or partner, how often do members of your family make too many demands on you? 1 2 3 4
  2. How often do they criticize you? 1 2 3 4
  3. How often do they let you down when you are counting on them? 1 2 3 4
  4. How often do they get on your nerves? 1 2 3 4

3. The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item.

Answer how much for each of these items. A lot (1), Some (2), A little (3), Not at all (4)

  1. How much do your friends really care about you? 1 2 3 4
  2. How much do they understand the way you feel about things? 1 2 3 4
  3. How much can you rely on them for help if you have a serious problem? 1 2 3 4
  4. How much can you open up to them if you need to talk about your worries? 1 2 3 4

Answer how often for each of these items. Often (1), Sometimes (2), Rarely (3), Never (4)

  1. How often do your friends make too many demands on you? 1 2 3 4
  2. How often do they criticize you? 1 2 3 4
  3. How often do they let you down when you are counting on them? 1 2 3 4
  4. How often do they get on your nerves? 1 2 3 4

Scaling: Scales are constructed by calculating the mean of the values of the items in each scale. Determine the mean of each positive and negative scale separately, for example, calculate the mean of the spouse/partner support scale (items 1a. through 1f.) separately from the spouse/partner strain scale (items 1g. through 1l.). Items are reverse-coded so that high scores reflect higher standing in the scale.

Missing Values: The scales are computed for cases that have valid values for at least one item on the particular scale. Scores are not calculated for cases with no valid item on the scales, and coded as "8" for "NOT CALCULATED (Due to missing data)."

Protocol Name from Source:

Midlife in the United States II (MIDUS II)

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adolescent, Adult

Participants:

Aged 35 years and older; however, the Working Group members feel that these questions are appropriate for adolescents and adults.

Specific Instructions:

None

Selection Rationale

These questions were used in the Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) study, a national survey of over 7,000 respondents. Data from social support and social conflict questions in the MIDUS study indicate good internal reliability. They have also been used in the Health and Retirement Survey.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Perceived Social Support/Conflict Assessment Score 3162998 CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Social support - conflict proto 62929-5 LOINC
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

Expert Review Panel 4 (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

· No changes.

Source

National Institute on Aging. Midlife in the United States II (MIDUS II), Self-administered Questionnaire 2, Items L11a.-L11l., J2a.-J2j., J4a.-J4h., which correspond to items 1a.-1l., 2a.-2j., and 3a.-3h., respectively, in the protocol, 2002.

General References

Schuster, T. L., Kessler, R. C., & Aseltine, R. H., Jr. (1990). Supportive interactions, negative interactions, and depressed mood. American Journal of Community Psychology, 18(3), 423-438.

Whalen, H. R., & Lachman, M. E. (2000). Social support and strain from partner, family and friends: Costs and benefits for men and women in adulthood. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 17(1), 5-30.

Protocol ID:

180701

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX180701_Family_Criticize_You PX180701020800 The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often do they criticize you? 4 N/A
PX180701_Family_Get_On_Your_Nerves PX180701021000 The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often do they get on your nerves? 4 N/A
PX180701_Family_Let_You_Down PX180701020900 The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often do they let you down when you are counting on them? 4 N/A
PX180701_Family_Make_Demands PX180701020700 The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. Not including your spouse or partner, how often do members of your family make too many demands on you? 4 N/A
PX180701_Family_Really_Care_About_You PX180701020100 The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. Not including your spouse or partner, how much do members of your family really care about you? 4 N/A
PX180701_Family_Understand_Way_You_Feel PX180701020200 The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much do they understand the way you feel about things? 4 N/A
PX180701_Friends_Criticize_You PX180701030600 The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often do they criticize you? 4 N/A
PX180701_Friends_Get_On_Your_Nerves PX180701030800 The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often do they get on your nerves? 4 N/A
PX180701_Friends_Let_You_Down PX180701030700 The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often do they let you down when you are counting on them? 4 N/A
PX180701_Friends_Make_Too_Many_Demands PX180701030500 The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often do your friends make too many demands on you? 4 N/A
PX180701_Friends_Really_Care_About_You PX180701030100 The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much do your friends really care about you? 4 N/A
PX180701_Friends_Understand_Way_You_Feel PX180701030200 The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much do they understand the way you feel about things? 4 N/A
PX180701_Open_Up_To_Family PX180701020400 The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much can you open up to them if you need to talk about your worries? 4 N/A
PX180701_Open_Up_To_Friends PX180701030400 The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much can you open up to them if you need to talk about your worries? 4 N/A
PX180701_Open_Up_To_Spouse PX180701010500 The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much can you open up to him or her if you need to talk about your worries? 4 N/A
PX180701_Really_Care_About_Family PX180701020500 The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much do you really care about the members of your family, not including your partner or spouse? 4 N/A
PX180701_Relax_Around_Spouse PX180701010600 The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much can you relax and be yourself around him or her? 4 N/A
PX180701_Rely_On_Family_For_Help PX180701020300 The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much can you rely on them for help if you have a serious problem? 4 N/A
PX180701_Rely_On_Friends_For_Help PX180701030300 The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much can you rely on them for help if you have a serious problem? 4 N/A
PX180701_Rely_On_Spouse PX180701010400 The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much can you rely on him or her for help if you have a serious problem? 4 N/A
PX180701_Spouse_Appreciate_You PX180701010300 The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much does he or she appreciate you? 4 N/A
PX180701_Spouse_Argue_With_You PX180701010900 The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often does he or she argue with you? 4 N/A
PX180701_Spouse_Criticize_You PX180701011000 The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often does he or she criticize you? 4 N/A
PX180701_Spouse_Get_On_Your_Nerves PX180701011200 The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often does he or she get on your nerves? 4 N/A
PX180701_Spouse_Let_You_Down PX180701011100 The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often does he or she let you down when you are counting on him or her? 4 N/A
PX180701_Spouse_Make_Too_Many_Demands PX180701010700 The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often does your spouse or partner make too many demands on you? 4 N/A
PX180701_Spouse_Make_You_Feel_Tense PX180701010800 The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often does he or she make you feel tense? 4 N/A
PX180701_Spouse_Really_Care_About_You PX180701010100 The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much does your spouse or partner really care about you? 4 N/A
PX180701_Spouse_Understand_Way_You_Feel PX180701010200 The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much does he or she understand the way you feel about things? 4 N/A
PX180701_You_Understand_Family PX180701020600 The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much do you understand the way they feel about things? 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Perceived Social Support Conflict

Release Date:

December 13, 2010

Definition

These questions are used to measure both perceived positive and negative social interactions with three individuals/groups: (1) spouse/partner, (2) other members of the family, and (3) friends.

Purpose

The nature of interactions with spouse/partner, family members, and friends provides a sense of an individual’s perception of the amount of positive support (e.g., love, care, concern) and negative support (e.g., demand, critique) that individuals have at their disposal. The outcomes can be independent of the size of a person’s network or network connections. This measure taps into the affective "temperature" of individuals’ social networks.

Keywords

Psychosocial, social support, conflict, relationship, Midlife in the United States, MIDUS, connectedness