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Protocol - Hopelessness - Adolescent

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Description:

The Hopelessness Scale for Children (HSC) consists of 17 interviewer-administered true-false items. The HSC is modeled on the Beck Hopelessness Scale and captures feelings about the future, loss of motivation, and future expectations. "True" responses to the following items are scored as "1": For items 2, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, and 17, "True" responses are scored as "1." For items1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 11, and 16, "False" responses are scored as "1." The higher the total score, the greater the hopelessness for the future.

Protocol:

Hopelessness Scale for Children (HSC)

Instructions to be read to the child: These sentences are about how some kids feel about their lives. Your answers let us know about how kids feel about things.

"I am going to read each sentence to you. I’d like you to tell me if the sentence is true for you or false for you. If the sentence is how you feel, you would say it is like you or true. If the sentence is not how you think you feel, you would say it is not like you or false.

"There is no right or wrong answers. Just tell me if the sentence is like you or not like you-true or false,"

1. I want to grow up because I think things will be better.

[ ] True

[ ] False

2. I might as well give up because I can’t make things better for myself.

[ ] True

[ ] False

3. When things are going badly, I know they won’t be as bad all of the time.

[ ] True

[ ] False

4. I can imagine what my life will be like when I’m grown up.

[ ] True

[ ] False

5. I have enough time to finish the things I really want to do.

[ ] True

[ ] False

6. Someday, I will be good at doing the things that I really care about.

[ ] True

[ ] False

7. I will get more of the good things in life than most other kids.

[ ] True

[ ] False

8. I don’t have good luck and there’s no reason to think I will when I grow up.

[ ] True

[ ] False

9. All I can see ahead of me are bad things, not good things.

[ ] True

[ ] False

10. I don’t think I will get what I really want.

[ ] True

[ ] False

11. When I grow up, I think I will be happier than I am now.

[ ] True

[ ] False

12. Things just won’t work out the way I want them to.

[ ] True

[ ] False

13. I never get what I want, so it’s dumb to want anything.

[ ] True

[ ] False

14. I don’t think I will have any real fun when I grow up.

[ ] True

[ ] False

15. Tomorrow seems unclear and confusing to me.

[ ] True

[ ] False

16. I will have more good times than bad times.

[ ] True

[ ] False

17. There’s no use in really trying to get something I want because I probably won’t get it.

[ ] True

[ ] False

Scoring

"True" responses to the following items are scored as "1": 2, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17

"False" responses to the following items are scored as "1": 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 11, 16

The higher the score, the greater the hopelessness for the future.

Protocol Name from Source:

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

The interviewer must be trained to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. The interviewer must be trained and found to be competent (i.e., tested by an expert) at the completion of personal interviews. The interviewer should be trained to prompt respondents further if a "don’t know" response is provided.

Equipment Needs

The PhenX Working Group acknowledges these questions can be administered in a computerized or noncomputerized format (i.e., paper-and-pencil instrument). Computer software is necessary to develop computer-assisted instruments. The interviewer will require a laptop computer/handheld computer to administer a computer-assisted questionnaire.

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Interviewer-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Child

Participants:

Children, ages 6-13

Specific Instructions:

This protocol includes questions that can potentially identify respondents who are at risk of suicide. Investigators implementing this protocol should consider developing a risk management plan specific to their study to ensure the safety of participants. The following links provide additional information and guidelines for suicide-related research:

ora.research.ucla.edu/OHRPP/Documents/Policy/8/Risk_of_Suicide.pdf

www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/suicide-prevention/issues-to-consider-in-intervention-research-with-persons-at-high-risk-for-suicidality.shtml

Selection Rationale

The Hopelessness Scale for Children is a low-burden, widely used measure with high internal consistency, moderate test-retest reliability, and convergent validity.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Adolescent Hopelessness Scale 4588811 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

Kazdin, A. E., French, N. H., Unis, A. S., Esveldt-Dawson, K., & Sherick, R. B. (1983). Hopelessness, depression, and suicidal intent among psychiatrically disturbed children. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51, 504-510.

General References

Kazdin, A. E., Rodgas, A., & Colbus, D. (1986). The Hopelessness Scale for Children: Psychometric characteristics and concurrent validity. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 54, 241-245.

Protocol ID:

640601

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX640601_Imagine_Life_Grown_Up PX640601010400 I can imagine what my life will be like when I'm grown up. 4 N/A
PX640601_Life_Don't_Get_What_ReallyWant PX640601011000 I don't think I will get what I really want. 4 N/A
PX640601_Life_Enough_Time PX640601010500 I have enough time to finish the things I really want to do. 4 N/A
PX640601_Life_Give_Up PX640601010200 I might as well give up because I can't make things better for myself. 4 N/A
PX640601_Life_Going_Badly PX640601010300 When things are going badly, I know they won't be as bad all of the time. 4 N/A
PX640601_Life_GrowUP_Happier PX640601011100 When I grow up, I think I will be happier than I am now. 4 N/A
PX640601_Life_Grow_Up_Better PX640601010100 I want to grow up because I think things will be better. 4 N/A
PX640601_Life_Hopelessness_Scoring PX640601011800 "True" responses to the following items are scored as "1": 2, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17. "False" responses to the following items are scored as "1": 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 11, 16 The higher the score, the greater the hopelessness for the future. 4 N/A
PX640601_Life_More_Good_Than_Bad PX640601011600 I will have more good times than bad times. 4 N/A
PX640601_Life_More_Good_Things PX640601010700 I will get more of the good things in life than most other kids. 4 N/A
PX640601_Life_Never_Get_Desires_Dumb_ToWant PX640601011300 I never get what I want, so it's dumb to want anything. 4 N/A
PX640601_Life_No_Good_Luck PX640601010800 I don't have good luck and there's no reason to think I will when I grow up. 4 N/A
PX640601_Life_No_Real_Fun_When_GrowUp PX640601011400 I don't think I will have any real fun when I grow up. 4 N/A
PX640601_Life_No_Use_Trying PX640601011700 There's no use in really trying to get something I want because I probably won't get it. 4 N/A
PX640601_Life_See_BadThings_Ahead_NoGood PX640601010900 All I can see ahead of me are bad things, not good things. 4 N/A
PX640601_Life_Someday_Good PX640601010600 Someday, I will be good at doing the things that I really care about. 4 N/A
PX640601_Life_Tomorrow_Unclear_Confusing PX640601011500 Tomorrow seems unclear and confusing to me. 4 N/A
PX640601_Life_Won't_Work_Out PX640601011200 Things just won't work out the way I want them to. 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Hopelessness

Release Date:

November 21, 2014

Definition

A questionnaire to assess hopelessness.

Purpose

This measure can be used to determine the components of hopelessness, such as feelings about the future, loss of motivation, and future expectations. Hopelessness is a risk factor for depression, suicidal behavior, and suicide.

Keywords

Suicide, Hope, Enthusiasm, Success, Satisfaction, Pleasantness, Unpleasantness, Beck Hopelessness Scale, BHS, Hopelessness Scale for Children, HSC, Proprietary