Protocol - Hopelessness - Adult
The Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) consists of 20 self-report true-false statements that assess the respondent’s positive and negative beliefs about the future during the past week. Each optimistic response in the BHS is scored as 0, and each pessimistic response is scored as 1. A total score is calculated by summing the pessimistic responses for each of the 20 items.
The Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) is a proprietary instrument. Administration/use of the BHS requires a licensing agreement from Pearson Assessments, Inc. Researchers should complete and return an application to firstname.lastname@example.org.
This protocol includes questions that can potentially identify respondents who are at risk of suicide. Investigators implementing this protocol should consider developing a risk management plan specific to their study to ensure the safety of participants. The following links provide additional information and guidelines for suicide-related research:
Summary of the Beck Hopelessness Scale
The Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) consists of 20 self-report true-false statements that assess the respondent’s positive and negative beliefs about the future during the past week. Each optimistic response is scored as 0 and each pessimistic response is scored as 1. A total score is calculated by summing the pessimistic responses for each of the 20 items.
The Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) is a proprietary instrument. Administration/use of the BHS requires a licensing agreement from Pearson. Researchers should complete and return an application to email@example.com.
Personnel and Training Required
|Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection||No|
|Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual||No|
Mode of Administration
Adults, ages 17 and older
The Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) is one of the most widely used measures of hopelessness. The BHS has excellent internal consistency and test-retest reliability, and the concurrent validity is well established across a wide variety of samples. The predictive validity of the BHS for death by suicide in psychiatric patients has been established. The BHS has been shown to be sensitive to change and frequently has been used in treatment outcome studies.
|Human Phenotype Ontology||Depression||HP:0000716||HPO|
Process and Review
Protocol Name from Source
The Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS)
The Beck Hopelessness Scale is a proprietary instrument and can be obtained through:
Pearson Assessments, Inc.
Attn: Customer Service
P.O. Box 599700
San Antonio, TX 78259
Beck, A. T., & Steer, R. A. (1988). Manual for the Beck Hopelessness Scale. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
Beck, A. T., Resnik, H. L., & Lettieri, D. J. (1974). The prediction of suicide. Philadelphia, PA: Charles Press.
Kaslow, N., Thompson, M., Meadows, L., Chance, S., Puett, R., Hollins, L., Jessee, S., & Kellermann, A. (2000). Risk factors for suicide attempts among African American women. Depression and Anxiety, 12, 13-20.
Rudd, M. D., Joiner, T., & Rajab, M. H. (1996). Relationships among suicide ideators, attempters, and multiple attempters in a young-adult sample. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105(4), 541-550.
Verkes, R. J., Van der Mast, R. C., Hengeveld, M. W., Tuyl, J. P., Zwinderman, A. H., & Van Kempen, G. (1998). Reduction of paroxetine of suicidal behavior in patients with repeated suicide attempts but not major depression. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 543-546.
Young, M. A., Fogg, L, F, Scheftner, W., Fawcett, J., Akiskal H., & Maser, J. (1996). Stable trait components of hopelessness: Baseline and sensitivity to depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105(2), 155-165.
|Variable Name||Variable ID||Variable Description||dbGaP Mapping|
|PX640602010000||Protocol 640602 - proprietary. Check DCW for more||N/A|
November 21, 2014
A questionnaire to assess hopelessness.
This measure can be used to determine the components of hopelessness, such as feelings about the future, loss of motivation, and future expectations. Hopelessness is a risk factor for depression, suicidal behavior, and suicide.
hopelessness - adult, suicide, Hope, Enthusiasm, Success, satisfaction, Pleasantness, Unpleasantness, Beck Hopelessness Scale, BHS, Hopelessness Scale for Children, HSC, proprietary
|Protocol ID||Protocol Name|
|640601||Hopelessness - Adolescent|
|640602||Hopelessness - Adult|
Goodman, M., et al. (2020) Group (?Project Life Force?) versus individual suicide safety planning: A randomized clinical trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications. 2020 January; 17: 100520. doi: 10.1016/j.conctc.2020.100520