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Protocol - Pain Coping - Adult

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Description

The Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ) comprises 14 items split into several 2-item scales designed to rapidly assess pain-related beliefs and coping strategies. All items in this self-report instrument are scored on a scale from 0 to 6 with 0 equivalent to "Never Do That" and 6 representing "Always Do That". This protocol was validated in individuals aged 18 years and older.

Specific Instructions

None

Protocol

The 14-item Coping Strategies Questionnaire

Item

Question

1.

I think of things I enjoy doing.

2.

I just think of it as some other sensation, such as numbness.

3.

It is terrible and I think it is never going to get any better.

4.

I don’t pay any attention to it.

5.

I pray for the pain to stop.

6.

I tell myself I cant let the pain stand in the way of what I have to do.

7.

I do something active, like household chores or projects.

8.

I replay in my mind pleasant experiences in the past.

9.

I pretend it is not a part of me.

10.

I feel I cant stand it anymore.

11.

I ignore it.

12.

I try to think years ahead, what everything will be like after Ive gotten rid of the pain.

13.

I see it as a challenge and dont let it bother me.

14.

I do something I enjoy, such as watching TV or listening to music.

All items are scored on a scale from 0 to 6 with 0 = Never do, 3= Sometimes do that, and 6 = Always do that. Items 1 and 8, the CSQ Diverting Attention, items 2 and 9, Reinterpreting Pain Sensations, items 3 and 10, Catastrophizing, items 4 and 11, Ignoring Sensations, items 5 and 12, Praying or Hoping, items 6 and 13, Coping Self-Statements and items 7 and 14, Increased Behavioral Activities.

Availability

Available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Lifestage

Adult

Participants

Adults aged 18 years and older

Selection Rationale

The 14-item Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ) has been evaluated and validated in individuals with sickle cell disease, has a modest burden, can inform decisions, and has proven relevant to clinical outcomes and some treatment response.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) Pain Coping Strategies Questionnaire-Adult Assessment Score   7997184 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

Not Applicable

Protocol Name from Source

Coping Strategies Questionnaire

Source

Riddle, D. L., & Jensen, M. P. (2013). Construct and criterion-based validity of brief pain coping scales in persons with chronic knee osteoarthritis pain. Pain Medicine (Malden, Mass.), 14(2), 265-275.

General References

Gil, K. M., Wilson, J. J., Edens, J. L., Webster, D. A., Abrams, M. A., Orringer, E., Grant, M., Clark, W. C., & Janal, M. N. (1996). Effects of cognitive coping skills training on coping strategies and experimental pain sensitivity in African American adults with sickle cell disease. Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, 15(1), 3-10.

Schatz, J., Schlenz, A. M., McClellan, C. B., Puffer, E. S., Hardy, S., Pfeiffer, M., & Roberts, C. W. (2015). Changes in coping, pain, and activity after cognitive-behavioral training: A randomized clinical trial for pediatric sickle cell disease using smartphones.  Clinical Journal of Pain, 31(6), 536-547. 

Protocol ID

860301

Variables
Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
Pain
Measure Name

Pain Coping

Release Date

May 18, 2022

Definition

Pain coping is the use of cognitive and behavioral strategies to divert attention from pain or for reinterpreting pain.

Purpose

This measure assesses the degree to which a variety of cognitive and behavioral strategies are used by an individual to reduce the impact of pain. Pain coping strategies can impact quality of life and health care utilization.

Keywords

Pain Coping Questionnaire, PCQ, Coping Strategies Questionnaire, CSQ, pain coping scales, sickle cell pain, sickle cell crisis, sickle cell disease

Measure Protocols
Protocol ID Protocol Name
860301 Pain Coping - Adult
860302 Pain Coping - Child
Publications

There are no publications listed for this protocol.