Protocol - School and Work Attendance - Adult
The Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire (WPAI) is a 6-item, self-report instrument that measures impact of health problems on work attendance over the last 7 days.
The Hemophilia Inhibitor Research Working Group suggests that the phrase "health problems" be replaced with "hemophilia."
Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire:
General Health V2.0 (WPAI:GH)
The following questions ask about the effect of your health problems on your ability to work and perform regular activities. By health problems we mean any physical or emotional problem or symptom. Please fill in the blanks or circle a number, as indicated.
1. Are you currently employed (working for pay)? ____ NO ____ YES
If NO, check "NO" and skip to question 6.
The next questions are about the past seven days, not including today.
2. During the past seven days, how many hours did you miss from work because of your health problems? Include hours you missed on sick
days, times you went in late, left early, etc., because of your health problems. Do not include time you missed to participate in this study.
3. During the past seven days, how many hours did you miss from work because of any other reason, such as vacation, holidays, time off to participate in this study?
4. During the past seven days, how many hours did you actually work?
_____HOURS (If "0," skip to question 6.)
5. During the past seven days, how much did your health problems affect your productivity while you were working?
Think about days you were limited in the amount or kind of work you could do, days you accomplished less than you would like, or days you could not do your work as carefully as usual. If health problems affected your work only a little, choose a low number. Choose a high number if health problems affected your work a great deal.
Consider only how much health problems affected
productivity while you were working.
Health problems had no effect on my work
Health problems completely prevented me from working
CIRCLE A NUMBER
6. During the past seven days, how much did your health problems affect your ability to do your regular daily activities, other than work at a job?
By regular activities, we mean the usual activities you do, such as work around the house, shopping, childcare, exercising, studying, etc. Think about times you were limited in the amount or kind of activities you could do and times you accomplished less than you would like. If health problems affected your activities only a little, choose a low number. Choose a high number if health problems affected your activities a great deal.
Consider only how much health problems affected your ability
to do your regular daily activities, other than work at a job.
Health problems had no effect on my daily activities
Health problems completely prevented me from doing my daily activities
CIRCLE A NUMBER
Protocol Name from Source
Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire (WPAI): General Health V2.0 (WPAI:GH)
Personnel and Training Required
|Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection||No|
|Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual||No|
Mode of Administration
Adults, ages 18 or older
The Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire (WPAI) is a brief, reliable, and valid self-report instrument that measures impact of health problems on work attendance.
|Common Data Elements (CDE)||Work Productivity and Activity Impairment General Health Problems Missing Work Day Count||5021086||CDE Browser|
Process and Review
Reilly, M. C., Zbrozek, A. S., & Dukes, E. M. (1993). The validity and reproducibility of a work productivity and activity impairment instrument. PharmacoEconomics, 4(5), 353-365.
The WPAI can be downloaded from http://www.reillyassociates.net/WPAI_General.html
Bergner, M., Bobbitt, R. A., Carter, W. B., & Gilson, B. S. (1981). The Sickness Impact Profile: Development and final revision of a health status measure. Medical Care,19(8), 787-805.
Bush, J. W., Anderson, J. P., Kaplan, R. M., & Blischke, W. R. (1982). "Counterintuitive" preferences in health-related quality-of-life measurement. Medical Care, 20(5), 516-525.
Caine, N., Harrison, S. C., Sharples, L. D., & Wallwork, J. (1991). Prospective study of quality of life before and after coronary artery bypass grafting. BMJ, 302, 511-516.
Croog, S. H., Levine, S., Testa, M. A., Brown, B., Bulpitt, C. J., Jenkins, C. D., Klerman, G. L., & Williams, G. H. (1986). The effects of antihypertensive therapy on the quality of life. New England Journal of Medicine, 314, 1657-1664.
Evers, K. E., Castle, P. H., Prochaska, J. O., & Prochaska, J. M. (2014). Examining relationships between multiple health risk behaviors, well-being, and productivity. Psychological Reports, 114(3), 843-853.
Hunt, S. M., McKenna, S. P., McEwen, J., Williams, J., & Papp, E. (1981). The Nottingham Health Profile: Subjective health status and medical consultations. Social Science and Medicine, 15, 221-229.
OHara, J., Hughes, D., Camp, C., Burke, T., Carroll, L., & Diego, D. G. (2017). The cost of severe haemophilia in Europe: The CHESS study. Orphanet Journal of Rare Disease, 12(1), 106.
Osterhaus, J. T., Gutterman, D. L., & Plachetka, J. R. (1992). Healthcare resource and lost labour costs of migraine headache in the US. Pharmacoeconomics, 2, 67-76.
Ricardo-Campbell, R., Eisman, M. M., Wardell, W. M., & Crossley, R. (1980). Preliminary methodology for controlled cost-benefit study of drug impact: The effect of cimetidine on days of work lost in a short-term trial in duodenal ulcer. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, 2, 37-41.
Severens, J. L., Mulder, J., Laheij, R., & Verbeek, A. (2000). Precision in measuring absence from work as a basis for calculating productivity costs in the Netherlands. Social Science and Medicine, 51, 243-249.
|Variable Name||Variable ID||Variable Description||dbGaP Mapping|
|PX910602010000||Are you currently employed (working for pay)?||N/A|
|PX910602060000||During the past seven days, how much did more||N/A|
|PX910602050000||During the past seven days, how much did more||N/A|
|PX910602040000||During the past seven days, how many hours more||N/A|
|PX910602020000||During the past seven days, how many hours more||N/A|
|PX910602030000||During the past seven days, how many hours more||N/A|
School and Work Attendance
May 7, 2019
Chronic illness can contribute to excessive missed work or school days.
This a quantitative measure of health-related loss of productivity in school and work. Missing work has the potential to compromise productivity and lead to economic implications. Excessive school absenteeism can negatively impact a child’s education as well as physical and psychosocial health-related quality of life.
School, daily activities, work