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Protocol - Coronavirus Anxiety Scale

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Description

The Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS) is a self-reported mental health screener of dysfunctional anxiety associated with the coronavirus crisis.

Specific Instructions

Authors of the scale suggest participants to have spent at least one hour during the past two weeks thinking about and/or watching media about the coronavirus, as well as have experienced significant anxiety, fear, or worry about the disease outbreak.

Protocol

How often have you experienced the following activities over the last 2 weeks?

Not at all

Rare, less than a day or two

Several days

More than 7 days

Nearly every day over the last 2 weeks

1. I felt dizzy, lightheaded, or faint, when I read or listened to news about the coronavirus

[ ] 0

[ ] 1

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

2. I had trouble falling or staying asleep because I was thinking about the coronavirus.

[ ] 0

[ ] 1

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

3. I felt paralyzed or frozen when I thought about or was exposed to information about the coronavirus.

[ ] 0

[ ] 1

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

4. I lost interest in eating when I thought about or was exposed to information about the coronavirus.

[ ] 0

[ ] 1

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

5. I felt nauseous or had stomach problems when I thought about or was exposed to information about the coronavirus.

[ ] 0

[ ] 1

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

Scoring and interpretation

Total Score = Question 1 + Question 2 + Question 3 + Question 4 + Question 5

Each item of the CAS is rated on a 5-point scale, from 0 (not at all) to 4 (nearly every day), based on experiences over the past two weeks. This scaling format is consistent with the DSM-5’s cross-cutting symptom measure. A CAS total score ≥ 9 indicates probable dysfunctional coronavirus-related anxiety. Elevated scores on a particular item or a high total scale score (≥ 9) may indicate problematic symptoms for the individual that might warrant further assessment and/or treatment. Clinical judgement should guide the interpretation of the CAS results.

Availability

Available

Personnel and Training Required

X – N/A

Equipment Needs

X- N/A

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Lifestage

Adult

Participants

Adult aged 18 or older

Selection Rationale

PhenX used input from crowdsourcing to enable rapid response and release of COVID-19 related protocols in the Toolkit. 

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) COVID-19 Coronavirus Anxiety Scale Assessment Score   7484948 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

X- N/A

Process and Review

Not applicable

Protocol Name from Source

Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS)

Source

Lee, S. A. (2020). Coronavirus Anxiety Scale: A brief mental health screener for COVID-19 related anxiety. Death Studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481187.2020.1748481

General References

X- N/A

Protocol ID

960401

Variables
Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
PX960401_Coronavirus_Anxiety_Scale_Experience_Dizziness_Past_Two_Weeks
PX960401010000 How often have you experienced the following more
activities over the last 2 weeks? I felt dizzy, lightheaded, or faint, when I read or listened to news about the coronavirus show less
N/A
PX960401_Coronavirus_Anxiety_Scale_Lost_Interest_Eating_Past_Two_Weeks
PX960401040000 How often have you experienced the following more
activities over the last 2 weeks? I lost interest in eating when I thought about or was exposed to information about the coronavirus. show less
N/A
PX960401_Coronavirus_Anxiety_Scale_Nausea_Past_Two_Weeks
PX960401050000 How often have you experienced the following more
activities over the last 2 weeks? I felt nauseous or had stomach problems when I thought about or was exposed to information about the coronavirus. show less
N/A
PX960401_Coronavirus_Anxiety_Scale_Paralyzed_Frozen_Past_Two_Weeks
PX960401030000 How often have you experienced the following more
activities over the last 2 weeks? I felt paralyzed or frozen when I thought about or was exposed to information about the coronavirus. show less
N/A
PX960401_Coronavirus_Anxiety_Scale_Trouble_Sleeping_Past_Two_Weeks
PX960401020000 How often have you experienced the following more
activities over the last 2 weeks? I had trouble falling or staying asleep because I was thinking about the coronavirus. show less
N/A
COVID-19 Research
Measure Name

Coronavirus Anxiety Scale

Release Date

October 30, 2020

Definition

This measure is a self-report mental health screener of dysfunctional anxiety associated with the coronavirus crisis.

Purpose

This measure helps clinicians and researchers efficiently identify cases of individuals functionally impaired by coronavirus-related anxiety.

Keywords

Coronavirus, information, news, anxiety, COVID-19, COVID

Measure Protocols
Protocol ID Protocol Name
960401 Coronavirus Anxiety Scale
Publications

There are no publications listed for this protocol.