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Protocol - Self-esteem

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Description:

The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale is a 10-item scale used to evaluate a person’s general self-worth, with 5 positive statements and 5 negative statements about a person’s sense of self-respect and value. It is commonly scored as a 4-point Likert scale, reversing the negative items and combining all 10 items into a single index of global self-esteem. The scale includes values of 1 (strongly agree), 2 (agree), 3 (disagree), and 4 (strongly disagree).

Protocol:

Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale

Present the items with these instructions. Do not print the asterisks on the sheet you provide to respondents.

BELOW IS A LIST OF STATEMENTS DEALING WITH YOUR GENERAL FEELINGS ABOUT YOURSELF. IF YOU STRONGLY AGREE, CIRCLE SA. IF YOU AGREE WITH THE STATEMENT, CIRCLE A. IF YOU DISAGREE, CIRCLE D. IF YOU STRONGLY DISAGREE, CIRCLE SD.

1.

STRONGLY AGREE

2.

AGREE

3.

DISAGREE

4.

STRONGLY

DISAGREE

1.

I feel that I'm a person of worth, at least on an equal plane with others.

SA

A

D

SD

2.

I feel that I have a number of good qualities.

SA

A

D

SD

3.

All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a failure.**

SA

A

D

SD

4.

I am able to do things as well as most other people.

SA

A

D

SD

5.

I feel I do not have much to be proud of.**

SA

A

D

SD

6.

I take a positive attitude toward myself.

SA

A

D

SD

7.

On the whole, I am satisfied with myself.

SA

A

D

SD

8.

I wish I could have more respect for myself.**

SA

A

D

SD

9.

I certainly feel useless at times.**

SA

A

D

SD

10.

At times I think I am no good at all.**

SA

A

D

SD

To score the items, assign a value to each of the 10 items as follows:

For items 1, 2, 4, 6, 7: Strongly Agree=3, Agree=2, Disagree=1, and Strongly Disagree=0.

For items 3, 5, 8, 9, 10 (which are reversed in valence, and noted with the asterisks**): Strongly Agree=0, Agree=1, Disagree=2, and Strongly Disagree=3.

The scale ranges from 0-30, with 30 indicating the highest score possible. Other scoring options are possible. For example, you can assign values 1-4 rather than 0-3; then scores will range from 10-40. Some researchers use 5- or 7-point Likert scales, and again, scale ranges would vary based on the addition of "middle" categories of agreement.

Protocol Name from Source:

The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adolescent, Adult

Participants:

Ages 15 years and older; however, the Working Group recommends this measure for ages 10 years and older

Specific Instructions:

The Working Group recommends that the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale can be used down to age 10 years.

Selection Rationale

The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale is a widely used social science research scale which has high reliability and internal consistency.

Language

Chinese, English, French, German, Italian, Persian, Portuguese, Spanish

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Self-esteem Assessment Scale 3162882 CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Self-esteem proto 62931-1 LOINC
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

Expert Review Panel 4 (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

· Revised description of the measure

Source

Rosenberg, M. (1989). Society and the adolescent self-image (Rev. ed.). Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.

Also see the description of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale on the University of Maryland’s Sociology Department website (https://socy.umd.edu/about-us/rosenberg-self-esteem-scale).

General References

Baumeister, R. F., Campbell, J. D., Krueger, J. I., & Vohs, K. D. (2003). Does high self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyles? Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 4, 1-44.

Gray-Little, B., Williams, V. S. L., & Hancock, T. D. (1997). An item response theory analysis of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 443-451.

Robinson, J. P., Shaver, P. R., & Wrightsman, L. S. (1991). Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes. San Diego: Academic Press.

Protocol ID:

180901

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX180901_Do_As_Well_As_Others PX180901040000 I am able to do things as well as most other people. 4 N/A
PX180901_Feel_Useless_At_Times PX180901090000 I certainly feel useless at times. 4 N/A
PX180901_Inclined_To_Feel_A_Failure PX180901030000 All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a failure. 4 N/A
PX180901_Not_Much_ToBe_Proud_Of PX180901050000 I feel I do not have much to be proud of. 4 N/A
PX180901_Number_Of_Good_Qualities PX180901020000 I feel that I have a number of good qualities. 4 N/A
PX180901_Person_Of_Worth PX180901010000 I feel that I'm a person of worth, at least on an equal plane with others. 4 N/A
PX180901_Positive_Self_Attitude PX180901060000 I take a positive attitude toward myself. 4 N/A
PX180901_Satisfied_With_Myself PX180901070000 On the whole, I am satisfied with myself. 4 N/A
PX180901_Times_Think_No_Good PX180901100000 At times I think I am no good at all. 4 N/A
PX180901_Wish_Have_More_Self_Respect PX180901080000 I wish I could have more respect for myself. 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Self-esteem

Release Date:

December 13, 2010

Definition

This is a measure of positive or negative perceptions about oneself, which is often referred to as global self-esteem.

Purpose

Self-esteem is one of the key components of the self-concept, which Dr. Rosenberg, the author of this scale, calls the "totality of the individual’s thoughts and feelings with reference to himself as an object." It influences a person’s social behavior and is associated with anxiety and depression.

Keywords

Psychosocial, self-worth, self-confidence, anxiety, depression, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale