Protocol - Foot Pain
An interviewer-administered, three-item questionnaire containing yes-or-no and Likert-style questions.
1. On most days do you have pain, aching, or stiffness in either of your feet? (note: does not include ankle)
0[ ]No (End of questionnaire)
2. Is the pain, aching, or stiffness in your right foot, left foot, or both feet?
4[ ]Not sure which foot
8[ ]N/A (e.g., amputee)
3. Is the pain aching or stiffness mild, moderate, or severe in your [Right/left] foot? (probe: if you had to choose one word, which one would it be?)
3a) Right foot
3b) Left foot
Protocol Name from Source
Framingham Foot Assessment Clinical Tool
Personnel and Training Required
The interviewer must be trained to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. The interviewer must be trained and found to be competent (i.e., tested by an expert) at the completion of personal interviews. The interviewer should be trained to prompt respondents further if a "dont know" response is provided.
Equipment NeedsThe PhenX Working Group acknowledges these questions can be administered in a computerized or noncomputerized format (i.e., paper-and-pencil instrument). Computer software is necessary to develop computer-assisted instruments. The interviewer will require a laptop computer/handheld computer to administer a computer-assisted questionnaire.
|Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection||No|
|Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual||No|
Mode of Administration
60 and older
These items are validated and widely used in national surveys and clinical research protocols.
|Common Data Elements (CDE)||Framingham Foot Assessment Clinical Tool Assessment Scale||6356792||CDE Browser|
|Human Phenotype Ontology||Foot pain||HP:0025238||HPO|
Process and Review
Framingham Study, Phase II, Foot Assessment Clinical Tool, Questions 53-56
Dufour, A. B., Broe, K. E., Nguyen, U. S., Gagnon, D. R., Hillstrom, H. J., Walker, A. H., . . . Hannan, M. T. (2009). Foot pain: Is current or past shoewear a factor? Arthritis & Rheumatology, 61(10), 1352-1358. doi:10.1002/art.24733
Menz, H. B., Dufour, A. B., Casey, V. A., Riskowski, J. L., McLean, R. R., Katz, P., & Hannan, M. T. (2013). Foot pain and mobility limitations in older adults: The Framingham Foot Study. Journal of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 68(10), 1281-1285.
Riskowski, J. L., Dufour, A. B., Hagedorn, T. J., Hillstrom, H. J., Casey, V. A., & Hannan, M. T. (2013). Associations of foot posture and function to lower extremity pain: Results from a population-based foot study. Arthritis Care and Research, 65(11), 1804-1812. doi:10.1002/acr.22049
|Variable Name||Variable ID||Variable Description||dbGaP Mapping|
|PX250901030200||Is the pain aching or stiffness mild, more||N/A|
|PX250901030100||Is the pain aching or stiffness mild, more||N/A|
|PX250901010000||On most days do you have pain, aching, or more||N/A|
|PX250901020000||Is the pain, aching, or stiffness in your more||N/A|
July 2, 2018
A questionnaire assessing foot pain.
Foot pain can impair an individual by limiting their mobility and participation in daily activities.
Feet, stiffness, aching, pain, neuropathy, geriatrics, gerontology, aging