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Protocol - Self-reported Craving - Specific - Alcohol

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Description:

The Alcohol Urge Questionnaire (AUQ) consists of eight statements about the respondent’s feelings and thoughts about drinking as they are completing the questionnaire (i.e., right now). Drinking refers to various types of alcohol, including beer, wine and liquor. The respondent is asked to respond to each statement about alcohol craving via a 7-item Likert scale ranging from "strongly disagree" to "strongly agree."

Protocol:

Listed below are questions that ask about your feelings about drinking. The words "drinking" and "have a drink" refer to having a drink containing alcohol such as beer, wine, or liquor. Please indicate how much you agree or disagree with each of the following statements by selecting one number for each question between STRONGLY DISAGREE and STRONGLY AGREE. The closer you select a number to one end or the other indicates the strength of your disagreement or agreement. Please complete every item. We are interested in how you are thinking or feeling right now as you are filling out the questionnaire.

RIGHT NOW

1. All I want to do now is have a drink.

1 [ ] STRONGLY DISAGREE

2 [ ]

3 [ ]

4 [ ]

5 [ ]

6 [ ]

7 [ ] STRONGLY AGREE

2. I do not need to have a drink now.

1 [ ] STRONGLY DISAGREE

2 [ ]

3 [ ]

4 [ ]

5 [ ]

6 [ ]

7 [ ] STRONGLY AGREE

3. It would be difficult to turn down a drink this minute.

1 [ ] STRONGLY DISAGREE

2 [ ]

3 [ ]

4 [ ]

5 [ ]

6 [ ]

7 [ ] STRONGLY AGREE

4. Having a drink now would make things seem just perfect.

1 [ ] STRONGLY DISAGREE

2 [ ]

3 [ ]

4 [ ]

5 [ ]

6 [ ]

7 [ ] STRONGLY AGREE

5. I want a drink so bad I can almost taste it.

1 [ ] STRONGLY DISAGREE

2 [ ]

3 [ ]

4 [ ]

5 [ ]

6 [ ]

7 [ ] STRONGLY AGREE

6. Nothing would be better than having a drink right now.

1 [ ] STRONGLY DISAGREE

2 [ ]

3 [ ]

4 [ ]

5 [ ]

6 [ ]

7 [ ] STRONGLY AGREE

7. If I had the chance to have a drink, I don’t think I would drink it.

1 [ ] STRONGLY DISAGREE

2 [ ]

3 [ ]

4 [ ]

5 [ ]

6 [ ]

7 [ ] STRONGLY AGREE

8. I crave a drink right now.

1 [ ] STRONGLY DISAGREE

2 [ ]

3 [ ]

4 [ ]

5 [ ]

6 [ ]

7 [ ] STRONGLY AGREE

Scoring Procedure and Interpretation

Each item is scored on a 1 to 7 scale (Strongly Disagree = 1 and Strongly Agree = 7). Items 2 and 7 are reverse scored. A total score is computed by averaging the item scores. Higher scores reflect greater craving.

Protocol Name from Source:

Alcohol Urge Questionnaire (AUQ)

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adult, Senior

Participants:

Adults aged 18 years and older

Specific Instructions:

The Substance Abuse and Addiction Working Group acknowledges that the following questions may gather sensitive information relating to the use of substances and/or illegal conduct. If the information is released, it might be damaging to an individual’s employability, lead to social stigmatization, or lead to other consequences.

Most researchers assure confidentiality as part of their informed consent process, as required by their institutional review boards. Further assurance of confidentiality may be obtained by applying to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for a Certificate of Confidentiality, which helps researchers protect the privacy of human research participants. The procedures for the Certificate of Confidentiality can be found at the Grants Policy website of the NIH: http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/policy/coc/index.htm.

Selection Rationale

The Alcohol Urge Questionnaire (AUQ) is a brief, self-administered questionnaire with high internal consistency and test-retest reliability, as documented in the literature (Bohn et al., 1995).

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Alcohol Urge Questionnaire (AUQ) Assessment Score 3332459 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel #3 (ERP 3) reviewed the measures in Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances, and Substance Abuse and Addiction domains.

Guidance from ERP 3 includes:

• No significant changes to measure

Back-compatible: NA no changes to Data Dictionary

Source

Bohn, M. J., Krahn, D. D., & Staehler, B. A. (1995). Development and initial validation of a measure of drinking urges in abstinent alcoholics. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research,19(3), 600-606.

General References

Drobes, D. J., & Thomas, S. E. (1999). Assessing craving for alcohol. Alcohol Research & Health, 23(3),179-186.

Drummond, D. C., & Phillips, T. S. (2002). Alcohol urges in alcohol-dependent drinkers: Further validation of the Alcohol Urge Questionnaire in an untreated community clinical population. Addiction, 97(11), 1465-1472.

Flannery, B. A., Poole, S. A., Gallop, R. J., & Volpicelli, J. R. (2003). Alcohol craving predicts drinking during treatment: An analysis of three assessment instruments. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 64(1), 120-126.

MacKillop, J. (2006). Factor structure of the Alcohol Urge Questionnaire under neutral conditions and during a cue-elicited urge state. Alcoholism: Clinican and Experimental Research, 30(8), 1315-1321.

Rosenberg, H. (2009). Clinical and laboratory assessment of the subjective experience of drug craving. Clinical Psychology Review. 29(6), 519-534.

Rosenberg, H., & Mazzola, J. (2007). Relationships among self-report assessments of craving in binge-drinking university students. Addictive Behaviors, 32(12), 2811-2818.

Protocol ID:

520301

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX520301_All_Want_Is_Drink PX520301010000 All I want to do now is have a drink. 4 N/A
PX520301_Chance_To_Drink_Would_Not PX520301070000 If I had the chance to have a drink, I don't think I would drink it. 4 N/A
PX520301_Crave_A_Drink PX520301080000 I crave a drink right now. 4 N/A
PX520301_Difficult_To_Turn_DownDrink PX520301030000 It would be difficult to turn down a drink this minute. 4 N/A
PX520301_Do_Not_Need_Drink PX520301020000 I do not need to have a drink now. 4 N/A
PX520301_Having_A_Drink_Perfect PX520301040000 Having a drink now would make things seem just perfect. 4 N/A
PX520301_Nothing_Better_Than_Drink PX520301060000 Nothing would be better than having a drink right now. 4 N/A
PX520301_Want_Drink_Almost_Taste PX520301050000 I want a drink so bad I can almost taste it. 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Self-reported Craving

Release Date:

February 24, 2012

Definition

Instruments used separately to assess the severity of craving for tobacco, alcohol, or illegal drugs, via self-report.

Purpose

The purpose of this measure is to assess the severity of craving for tobacco, alcohol, or illegal drugs by asking the respondent questions about his or her desires, urges, or thoughts about such cravings. The Working Group recommends that investigators incorporate the question in the primary protocol as a core item to obtain general information on a variety of substances. The secondary protocols can then be used to obtain detailed information on a specific substance.

Keywords

Addiction, alcohol, Alcohol Urge Questionnaire, AUQ, Brief Questionnaire of Smoking Urges, QSU-Brief, cigarette, Cocaine Craving Questionnaire-Brief, CCQ-Brief, Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism, COGA, compulsion, desire, Marijuana Craving Questionnaire, MCQ, National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, NESARC, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIAAA, Obsessive-Compulsive Drug Use Scale, OCDUS Heroin Version, pot, Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism, SSAGA, substance abuse and addiction, SAA, urge, substance-specific intermediate phenotypes