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Protocol - Expectancies - Alcohol, Cigarette Smoking, and Other Smoking - Prescription Stimulant Drugs

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Description:

The Prescription Stimulant Expectancy Questionnaire (PSEQ) is a 40-item instrument containing statements about the positive and negative effect expectancies of prescription stimulants, such as methylphenidate (Ritalin®, Concerta®), dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®), and amphetamine and dextroamphetamine (Adderall®). It is scored on a 3-point Likert scale that ranging from 0 for "Not at all" to 2 for "Very often or always." The PSEQ has been used with recreational and medical users.

Specific Instructions:

The Substance Abuse and Addiction Working Group acknowledges that the following questions may gather sensitive information relating to the use of substances and/or illegal conduct. If the information is released, it might be damaging to an individual’s employability, lead to social stigmatization, or lead to other consequences.

Most researchers assure confidentiality as part of their informed consent process, as required by their institutional review boards. When assessing minors with these questions, it may be necessary to obtain informed consent from a parent of the adolescent. Further assurance of confidentiality may be obtained by applying to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for a Certificate of Confidentiality, which helps researchers protect the privacy of human research participants. The procedures for the Certificate of Confidentiality can be found at the Grants Policy website of the NIH: http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/policy/coc/index.htm.

Protocol:

The following pages contain statements about the effects of prescription stimulants, including Adderall®, Ritalin®, Concerta®, and Dexedrine®.

A. Have you ever used a prescription stimulant (like Adderall® or Ritalin®) for any reason?

[ ] YES

[ ] NO

Read each statement carefully and respond according to your own personal thoughts, feelings, and beliefs about prescription stimulants now. We are interested in what you think about prescription stimulants, regardless of what other people might think.

Whether or not you have had actual experiences with prescription stimulants yourself, you are to answer in terms of your beliefs about prescription stimulants. It is important that you respond to every question. There are no right or wrong answers.

Please fill out the following questions according to your beliefs about the stimulant drug you know best. PLEASE BE HONEST. REMEMBER, YOUR ANSWERS ARE CONFIDENTIAL. RESPOND TO THESE ITEMS ACCORDING TO WHAT YOU PERSONALLY BELIEVE TO BE TRUE ABOUT A MODERATE AMOUNT OF STIMULANTS - HOWEVER YOU DEFINE MODERATE.

1. Distractions disappear.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

2. I absorb new material the first time through.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

3. I cant focus on more than one thing at a time.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

4. I can focus very well.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

5. I can ignore distractions more easily.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

6. I can pay attention really well.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

7. I can study for hours and hours.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

8. I cant hold still.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

9. I cant sleep even if I want to.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

10. I cant calm down.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

11. I dont end up daydreaming.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

12. I dont want to study without it.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

13. I enjoy studying a lot more.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

14. I feel drained the next day.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

15. I feel guilty for taking it.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

16. I feel like I cant get through the day without it.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

17. I feel like Im cutting corners to do well.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

18. I feel sick to my stomach.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

19. I feel twitchy.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

20. I focus on unimportant tasks.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

21. I get annoyed with myself for taking it.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

22. I get nervous and edgy.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

23. I learn very efficiently.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

24. I need fewer breaks when I study.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

25. I wish I could do as well without it.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

26. I worry that Im addicted to it.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

27. Im all amped up.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

28. Its no trouble to sit still.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

29. Ive come to see it as a crutch.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

30. My ability to focus is better.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

31. My concentration is excellent.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

32. My focus is crystal clear.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

33. My head hurts.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

34. My memory is better.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

35. My mind doesnt wander.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

36. My mind is razor sharp.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

37. My thoughts follow more logically.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

38. My thoughts stay on track better.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

39. My work seems more interesting.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

40. My heart races.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

Scoring Procedure and Interpretation

The Prescription Stimulant Expectancy Questionnaire (PSEQ) score is calculated by averaging the item scores. Half of the items (1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 11, 13, 23, 24, 28, 30, 31, 32, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, and 39) are scored with 0 = "Not at all," 1= "Sometimes," and 2 = "Very often or always." The other half of the items (3, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 25, 26, 27, 29, 33, and 40) are reverse-scored with 2 = "Not at all," 1 = "Sometimes," and 0 = "Very often or always."

Protocol Name from Source:

Prescription Stimulant Expectancy Questionnaire (PSEQ)

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adult, Senior

Participants:

Adults aged 18 years and older

Selection Rationale

The Prescription Stimulant Expectancy Questionnaire (PSEQ) was selected because the psychometric properties were generally sound, with high internal consistency and good discriminant validity between scales.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Substance Abuse Prescription Stimulant Expectancy Questionnaire (PSEQ) Assessment Score 3332501 CDE Browser
Human Phenotype Ontology Addictive behavior HP:0030858 HPO
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel #3 (ERP 3) reviewed the measures in Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances, and Substance Abuse and Addiction domains.

Guidance from ERP 3 includes:

• No significant changes to measure

Back-compatible: NA no changes to Data Dictionary

Source

Questionnaire

Looby, A., & Earleywine, M. (2009). Prescription stimulant expectancies in recreational and medical users: Results from a preliminary expectancy questionnaire. Substance Use and Misuse, 44(11), 1578–1591.

Questionnaire Instructions (adapted from the Stimulant Effect Expectancy Questionnaire)

Schafer, J., & Brown, S. A. (1991). Marijuana and cocaine effect expectancies and drug use patterns. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59, 558–565.

General References

Looby, A., & Earleywine, M. (2010). Psychometric evaluation of a prescription stimulant expectancy questionnaire. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 18(4), 375–383.

Protocol ID:

520405

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
PX520405_Ability_Focus_Is_Better_Stimulants
PX520405300000 My ability to focus is better. N/A
PX520405_Absorb_Material_First_Time_Stimulants
PX520405020000 I absorb new material the first time through. N/A
PX520405_All_Amped_Up_Stimulants
PX520405270000 IÔøΩm all amped up. N/A
PX520405_Annoyed_With_Myself_For_Stimulants
PX520405210000 I get annoyed with myself for taking it. N/A
PX520405_Cant_Calm_Down_Stimulants
PX520405100000 I cannot calm down. N/A
PX520405_Cant_Focus_Stimulants
PX520405030000 I cannot focus on more than one thing at a time. N/A
PX520405_Cant_Get_ThroughDay_Without_Stimulants
PX520405160000 I feel like I cannot get through the day more
without it. show less
N/A
PX520405_Cant_Hold_Still_Stimulants
PX520405080000 I cannot hold still. N/A
PX520405_Cant_Sleep_Stimulants
PX520405090000 I cannot sleep even if I want to. N/A
PX520405_Concentration_Excellent_Stimulants
PX520405310000 My concentration is excellent. N/A
PX520405_Crutch_Stimulants
PX520405290000 IÔøΩve come to see it as a crutch. N/A
PX520405_Cutting_Corners_Stimulants
PX520405170000 I feel like IÔøΩm cutting more
orners to do well. show less
N/A
PX520405_Distractions_Disappear_Stimulants
PX520405010000 Distractions disappear. N/A
PX520405_Dont_Daydream_Stimulants
PX520405110000 I donÔøΩt end up daydreaming. N/A
PX520405_Dont_Want_Study_Without_Stimulants
PX520405120000 I donÔøΩt want to study without it. N/A
PX520405_Enjoy_Studying_More_Stimulants
PX520405130000 I enjoy studying a lot more. N/A
PX520405_Feel_Drained_Next_Day_Stimulants
PX520405140000 I feel drained the next day. N/A
PX520405_Feel_Guilty_Taking_Stimulants
PX520405150000 I feel guilty for taking it. N/A
PX520405_Feel_Twitchy_Stimulants
PX520405190000 I feel twitchy. N/A
PX520405_Focus_Crystal_Clear_Stimulants
PX520405320000 My focus is crystal clear. N/A
PX520405_Focus_Unimportant_Tasks_Stimulants
PX520405200000 I focus on unimportant tasks. N/A
PX520405_Focus_Very_Wel_Stimulants
PX520405040000 I can focus very well. N/A
PX520405_Get_Nervous_Edgy_Stimulants
PX520405220000 I get nervous and edgy. N/A
PX520405_Ignore_Distractions_Stimulants
PX520405050000 I can ignore distractions more easily. N/A
PX520405_Learn_Efficiently_Stimulants
PX520405230000 I learn very efficiently. N/A
PX520405_Mind_Doesnt_Wander_Stimulants
PX520405350000 My mind doesnÔøΩt wander. N/A
PX520405_Mind_Razor_Sharp_Stimulants
PX520405360000 My mind is razor sharp. N/A
PX520405_My_Head_Hurts_Stimulants
PX520405330000 My head hurts. N/A
PX520405_My_Heart_Races_Stimulants
PX520405400000 My heart races. N/A
PX520405_My_Memory_Is_Better_Stimulants
PX520405340000 My memory is better. N/A
PX520405_Need_Fewer_Study_Breaks_Stimulants
PX520405240000 I need fewer breaks when I study. N/A
PX520405_No_Trouble_Sit_Still_Stimulants
PX520405280000 It's no trouble to sit still. N/A
PX520405_Pay_Attention_Stimulants
PX520405060000 I can pay attention really well. N/A
PX520405_Sick_To_Stomach_Stimulants
PX520405180000 I feel sick to my stomach. N/A
PX520405_Study_For_Hours_Stimulants
PX520405070000 I can study for hours and hours. N/A
PX520405_Thoughts_Follow_More_Logically_Stimulants
PX520405370000 My thoughts follow more logically. N/A
PX520405_Thoughts_On_Track_Better_Stimulants
PX520405380000 My thoughts stay on track better. N/A
PX520405_Used_Prescription_Stimulant
PX520405000000 Have you ever used a prescription stimulant more
(like AdderallÔøΩ or RitalinÔøΩ) for any reason? show less
N/A
PX520405_Wish_Do_Well_Without_Stimulants
PX520405250000 I wish I could do as well without it. N/A
PX520405_Work_More_Interesting_Stimulants
PX520405390000 My work seems more interesting. N/A
PX520405_Worry_Im_Addicted_Stimulants
PX520405260000 I worry that IÔøΩm addicted to it. N/A
Substance Abuse and Addiction
Measure Name:

Expectancies - Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Substances

Release Date:

February 24, 2012

Definition

Instruments used separately to assess expectations of the positive and negative effects of drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, using marijuana, using illegal stimulant drugs, or misusing prescription stimulant drugs.

Purpose

These five self-reported questionnaires separately assess expectations of drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, using marijuana, using illegal stimulant drugs, or misusing prescription stimulant drugs, by asking the respondents about possible consequences of such actions.

Keywords

Adderall®, Adolescent, Adult, Alcohol, Amphetamine, B-CEOA, Brief Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol Questionnaire, Cigarette, Cocaine, Concerta®, CEEQ, Cocaine Effect Expectancy Questionnaire, Dexedrine®, Dextroamphetamine, Drugs, Marijuana, Marijuana Effect Expectancy Questionnaire, MEEQ, Methylphenidate, Prescription stimulant expectancy questionnaire, PSEQ, Ritalin®, SAA, SCQ, SEEQ, Smoking, Smoking Consequences Questionnaire, Stimulant Effect Expectancy Questionnaire, Substance-specific Intermediate Phenotypes