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Protocol - Expectancies - Alcohol, Cigarette Smoking, and Other Smoking - Tobacco

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Description:

The Smoking Consequences Questionnaire-Adult (BSCQ-A) is a questionnaire assessing various outcome expectancies associated with smoking behavior, based on the notion that as substance users become more experienced, they move from having general to more specific and refined expectancies for their substance use. Thus, it is used for assessing expectancies in adult smokers. The BSCQ-A includes 10 subscales, each assessing a different domain of smoking expectancies. It can be used with chronic smokers who have psychiatric comorbidities. The BSCQ-A contains 25 statements describing possible consequences of smoking cigarettes, and respondents rate the likelihood of the consequence occurring on a 10-point scale ranging from 0 (completely unlikely) to 9 (completely likely).

Protocol:

Instructions: This questionnaire is designed to assess beliefs people have about the consequences of smoking a cigarette. We are interested in your general expectations about the consequences of your smoking. Below is a list of statements. Each statement contains a possible consequence of smoking. For each of the statements listed below, please rate how LIKELY or UNLIKELY you believe each consequence is for you when you smoke. If the consequence seems LIKELY to you, circle a number from 5-9. That is, if you believe that a consequence would never happen, circle 0; if you believe a consequence would happen every time you smoke, circle 9. If it seems a little unlikely to you, you would circle 4.

1. My throat burns after smoking. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

2. I enjoy the taste sensations while smoking. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

3. Nicotine “fits” can be controlled by smoking. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

4. When I’m angry, a cigarette can calm me down. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

5. When I’m alone, a cigarette can help me pass the time. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

6. Smoking a cigarette energizes me. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

7. Smoking calms me down when I feel nervous. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

8. A cigarette can give me energy when I’m bored and tired. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

9. I will enjoy the flavor of a cigarette. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

10. If I have nothing to do, a smoke can help kill time. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

11. When I smoke, the taste is pleasant. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

12. Smoking will satisfy my nicotine cravings. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

13. I feel like part of a group when I’m around other smokers. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

14. Smoking makes me seem less attractive. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

15. By smoking, I risk heart disease and lung cancer. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

16. Smoking helps me enjoy people more. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

17. People think less of me if they see me smoking. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

18. If I’m feeling irritable, a smoke will help me relax. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

19. Smoking irritates my mouth and throat. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

20. Smoking helps me control my weight. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

21. The more I smoke, the more I risk my health. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

22. Cigarettes keep me from eating more than I should. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

23. Smoking keeps my weight down. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

24. I look ridiculous while smoking. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

25. I feel more at ease with other people if I have a cigarette. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

>Brief SCQ-A Scoring

Calculate mean response for each of the following 10 scales:

1. Negative Affect Reduction

4. When I’m angry, a cigarette can calm me down.

7. Smoking calms me down when I feel nervous.

18. If I’m feeling irritable, a smoke will help me relax.

2. Stimulation/State Enhancement

6. Smoking a cigarette energizes me.

8. A cigarette can give me energy when I’m bored and tired.

3. Health Risks

15. By smoking, I risk heart disease and lung cancer.

21. The more I smoke, the more I risk my health.

4. Taste/Sensorimotor Manipulation

2. I enjoy the taste sensations while smoking.

9. I will enjoy the flavor of a cigarette.

11. When I smoke, the taste is pleasant.

5. Social Facilitation

13. I feel like part of a group when I’m around other smokers.

16. Smoking helps me enjoy people more.

25. I feel more at ease with other people if I have a cigarette.

6. Appetite/Weight Control

20. Smoking helps me control my weight.

22. Cigarettes keep me from eating more than I should.

23. Smoking keeps my weight down.

7. Craving/Addiction

3. Nicotine “fits” can be controlled by smoking.

12. Smoking will satisfy my nicotine cravings.

8. Negative Physical Feelings

1. My throat burns after smoking.

19. Smoking irritates my mouth and throat.

9. Boredom Reduction

5. When I’m alone, a cigarette can help me pass the time.

10. If I have nothing to do, a smoke can help kill time.

10. Social Impression

14. Smoking makes me seem less attractive.

17. People think less of me if they see me smoking.

24. I look ridiculous while smoking.

Protocol Name from Source:

The Brief Smoking Consequences Questionnaire-Adult (BSCQ-A)

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adult, Senior

Participants:

Adults aged 18 years and older

Specific Instructions:

The Substance Abuse and Addiction Working Group acknowledges that the following questions may gather sensitive information relating to the use of substances or illegal conduct. If the information is released, it might be damaging to an individual’s employability, lead to social stigmatization, or lead to other consequences.

Most researchers assure confidentiality as part of their informed consent process, as required by their institutional review boards. Further assurance of confidentiality may be obtained by applying to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for a Certificate of Confidentiality, which helps researchers protect the privacy of human research participants. The procedures for the Certificate of Confidentiality can be found at the Grants Policy website of the NIH (http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/policy/coc/index.htm).

Selection Rationale

The Brief Smoking Consequences Questionnaire-Adult (BSCQ-A) was selected because it shows good reliability and internal consistency and also has convergent validity. The 10-subscale solution is similar to the full-length SCQ-A but uses significantly fewer items, with the individual subscales correlating moderately to highly with corresponding subscales from the SCQ-A (full version).

Language

English, Spanish

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Tobacco Adult Smoking Consequence Questionnaire (SCQ-A) 3332493 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel #3 (ERP 3) reviewed the measures in Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances, and Substance Abuse and Addiction domains.

Guidance from ERP 3 includes:

• Updated protocol

• New Data Dictionary

Back-compatible: Not back-compatible (vastly different than previous protocol which would require a new data dictionary) and not recommended for use (discredited or no longer considered broadly validated)

Previous version in Toolkit archive (link)

Source

Rash, C. J., & Copeland, A. L. (2008). The Brief Smoking Consequences Questionnaire-Adult (BSCQ-A): Development of a short form of the SCQ-A. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 10(11), 1633-1643.

General References

Buckley, T. C., Kamholz, B. W., Mozley, S. L., Gulliver, S. B., Holohan, D. R., Helstrom, A. W., Walsh, K., Morissette, S. B., & Kassel, J. D. A. (2005). Psychometric evaluation of the Smoking Consequences Questionnaire-Adult in smokers with psychiatric conditions. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 7(5), 739-745.

Cepeda-Benito, A., & Reig-Ferrer, A. (2000). Smoking Consequences Questionnaire-Spanish. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 14(3), 219-230.

Copeland, A. L., & Brandon, T. H. (2002). Do desirability ratings moderate the validity of probability ratings on the Smoking Consequences Questionnaire-Adult? A reanalysis using regression. Psychological Assessment, 14(3), 353-359.

Copeland, A. L., Diefendorff, J. M., Kendzor, D. E., Rash, C. J., Businelle, M. S., Patterson, S. M., & Williamson, D. A. (2007). Measurement of smoking outcome expectancies in children: The Smoking Consequences Questionnaire-Child. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 21(4), 469-477.

Protocol ID:

520407

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Expectancies - Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Substances

Release Date:

November 21, 2016

Definition

Instruments used separately to assess expectations of the positive and negative effects of drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, using marijuana, using illegal stimulant drugs, or misusing prescription stimulant drugs.

Purpose

These five self-reported questionnaires separately assess expectations of drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, using marijuana, using illegal stimulant drugs, or misusing prescription stimulant drugs, by asking the respondents about possible consequences of such actions.

Keywords

Adderall®, Adolescent, Adult, Alcohol, Amphetamine, B-CEOA, Brief Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol Questionnaire, Cigarette, Cocaine, Concerta®, CEEQ, Cocaine Effect Expectancy Questionnaire, Dexedrine®, Dextroamphetamine, Drugs, Marijuana, Marijuana Effect Expectancy Questionnaire, MEEQ, Methylphenidate, Prescription stimulant expectancy questionnaire, PSEQ, Ritalin®, SAA, SCQ, SEEQ, Smoking, Smoking Consequences Questionnaire, Stimulant Effect Expectancy Questionnaire, Substance-specific Intermediate Phenotypes