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Protocol - Pain Coping - Child

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Description

The Pain Coping Questionnaire (PCQ) - Short Form is a self-administered 16-item questionnaire that includes subscales such as Problem Solving, Seeking Social Support, Cognitive Distraction, and Internalizing/Catastrophizing. The frequency of occurrence of each item is self-reported on a scale from 1 (Never) to 5 (Very Often). This protocol was validated in individuals aged 7- to 18-years-olds.

Specific Instructions

None

Protocol

Name _________________

Age (in years) ___________ Sex (circle): Male Female Grade ________

Pain Coping Questionnaire - Short Form

Everyone has had a time when they have been hurt or in pain for a few hours or longer. For example, you might have had a headache, a stomach ache, a bad muscle pull, or pain in your joints (elbow, knee), an earache, or, for women, menstrual pain, etc… Below are some things that people might say, do, or think when they are hurt or in pain. We are interested in the things you do when you are in pain for a few hours or days.

Circle one word for each question to show how often you do each thing listed:

1 = never, 2 = hardly ever, 3 = sometimes, 4 = often or 5 = very often.

WHEN I AM HURT OR IN PAIN FOR A FEW HOURS OR DAYS, I … 

Never

Hardly
Ever

Sometimes

Often

Very
Often

1)  Say mean things to people. 

1

2

3

4

5

2)  Ask a nurse or doctor questions. 

1

2

3

4

5

3)  Think about what needs to be done to make the pain better. 

1

2

3

4

5

4)  Talk to someone about how I am feeling. 

1

2

3

4

5

5)  Do something fun. 

1

2

3

4

5

6)  Find out more information. 

1

2

3

4

5

7)  Tell someone how I feel. 

1

2

3

4

5

8)  Try to forget the pain. 

1

2

3

4

5

9)  Figure out what I can do about the pain. 

1

2

3

4

5

10) Say to myself, things will be okay. 

1

2

3

4

5

11) Do something active. 

1

2

3

4

5

12) Put the pain out of my mind. 

1

2

3

4

5

13) Get mad and throw or hit something. 

1

2

3

4

5

14) Think that the pain will never stop. 

1

2

3

4

5

15) Tell myself it’s not so bad. 

1

2

3

4

5

16) Worry too much about the pain. 

1

2

3

4

5

© Ahola Kohut, Pillai Riddell, Stinson, Chambers, & Reid

Availability

Available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Lifestage

Child, Adolescent

Participants

Children and Adolescents aged 7- to 18-years-old

Selection Rationale

The 16-item Pain Coping Questionnaire (PCQ) - Short Form was designed to assess coping in children and adolescents. This short form of the PCQ has been validated and can be utilized for screening how children and adolescents cope with pain. The compact format of the PCQ allows practitioners to quickly determine a childs areas of strengths and weaknesses when coping with pain. Additionally, the PCQ has demonstrated use in children with sickle cell disease.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) Pain Coping Strategies Questionnaire-Child Assessment Score   7997188 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

Not Applicable

Protocol Name from Source

Pain Coping Questionnaire - Short Form

Source

Ahola, S., Pillai Riddell, R., Reid, D., & Chambers, C. (2007). A suggested short form of the Pain Coping Questionnaire (PCQ). Canadian Pain Society Annual Scientific Meeting, May 23-26, 2007, Ottawa, ON. Abstract published in: Pain Research and Management, 12(2), 121. 

General References

Reid, G. J., Gilbert, C. A., & McGrath, P. J. (1998). The Pain Coping Questionnaire: Preliminary validation. Pain, 76(1-2), 83-96.

Hyacinth, O., Machado Silva-Rodrigues, F., Darezzo Rodrigues Nunes, M., Carlos Lopes, L., Jr., Fernandes, A., Castanheira Nascimento, L., & Jacob, E. (2020). Pain experience, physical function, pain coping, and catastrophizing in children with sickle cell disease who had normal and abnormal sensory patterns. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 60(6), 1079-1091. 

Protocol ID

860302

Variables
Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
Pain
Measure Name

Pain Coping

Release Date

May 18, 2022

Definition

Pain coping is the use of cognitive and behavioral strategies to divert attention from pain or for reinterpreting pain.

Purpose

This measure assesses the degree to which a variety of cognitive and behavioral strategies are used by an individual to reduce the impact of pain. Pain coping strategies can impact quality of life and health care utilization.

Keywords

Pain Coping Questionnaire, PCQ, Coping Strategies Questionnaire, CSQ, pain coping scales, sickle cell pain, sickle cell crisis, sickle cell disease

Measure Protocols
Protocol ID Protocol Name
860301 Pain Coping - Adult
860302 Pain Coping - Child
Publications

There are no publications listed for this protocol.