Protocol - Cyberbullying Due to Racial/Ethnic Bias

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This protocol includes 9 questions to determine if there has been an increase in discrimination directed at certain races or ethnicities associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.

Specific Instructions



Please answer the following questions on your beliefs about how the Coronavirus is affecting people of your race/ethnicity.

Strongly disagreeSomewhat disagreeSomewhat agreeStrongly agree
1. I believe the country has become more dangerous forpeople in my racial/ethnicgroup because of fear of the Coronavirus.1234
2. People of my race/ethnicity are more likely to lose their job because of the Coronavirus.1234
3. I worry about people thinking I have the Coronavirus simply because of my race/ethnicity.1234
4. Most social and mass media reports about the Coronaviruscreate bias against people of my racial/ethnic group.1234
5. People of my race/ethnicityare more likely to get the Coronavirus.1234
6. People of my race/ethnicitywill not receive Coronavirushealthcare as good as the care received by other groups.1234
7. Due to the Coronavirus Ihave been cyberbulliedbecause of my race/ethnicity1234
8. Since the Coronavirus Ihave seen a lot morecyberbullying of people of myrace/ethnicity.1234
9. Negative social media postsagainst people of myrace/ethnicity have increasedbecause of the Coronavirus.1234

Scoring Instructions

Each item on the CRBS is rated on a 4-point scale, from 1 (strongly disagree) to 4 (strongly agree). The CRBS score is the mean of the 9 items.



Personnel and Training Required

Not applicable

Equipment Needs

Not applicable

Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage



Adults age 18 to 25

Selection Rationale

PhenX used input from crowdsourcing to enable rapid response and release of COVID-19 related protocols in the Toolkit.



caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) COVID-19 Coronavirus Racial Bias Scale Assessment Score   7484983 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

Not applicable

Process and Review

Not applicable

Protocol Name from Source

The Coronavirus Racial Bias Scale (CRBS)


Fisher, C. and Yip, T. (2020). The Coronavirus Racial Bias Scale (CRBS), Questions 6 and 7. Fordham Center for Ethics Education.

General References

Not applicable

Protocol ID


Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
COVID-19 Research
Measure Name

Cyberbullying Due to Racial/Ethnic Bias

Release Date

October 30, 2020


The Coronavirus Racial Bias Scale (CRBS) is a brief self-report questionnaire. The CRBS assesses beliefs about how the Coronavirus has negatively affected people due to their race/ethnicity.


This measure is used to report beliefs, attitudes, and biases that have negatively affected people as a result of the Coronavirus. Increased racial/ethnic biases have been associated with racial vigilance, racial discrimination, anxiety, and depression.


The Coronavirus Racial Bias Scale (CRBS), COVID-19, COVID, coronavirus, bias, discrimination, race, ethnicity, attitudes, cyberbullying, social media