Protocol - Depressive Symptoms - Geriatric

Add to My Toolkit

An interviewer- or self-administered questionnaire of 15 yes/no questions to screen for depression in older adults.

Protocol Name from Source:

Geriatric Depression Scale - Short Form


Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

The interviewer must be trained to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. The interviewer must be trained and found to be competent (i.e., tested by an expert) at the completion of personal interviews. The interviewer should be trained to prompt respondents further if a "don't know" response is provided.

Equipment Needs
The PhenX Working Group acknowledges that these questions can be administered in a computerized or noncomputerized format (i.e., paper-and-pencil instrument). Computer software is necessary to develop computer-assisted instruments. The interviewer will require a laptop computer/handheld computer to administer a computer-assisted questionnaire.
Requirement CategoryRequired
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:


Older adults with dementia

Specific Instructions:
Selection Rationale

The Geriatric Depression Scale is a validated, widely distributed, and easy-to-complete questionnaire that can be finished in approximately 5 to 7 minutes.


Common Data Elements (CDE) Psychiatric Geriatric Depression Scale Questionnaire Assessment Scale 6456316 CDE Browser
Derived Variables


Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel has yet to review this measure.


Geriatric Depression Scale, https://web.stanford.edu/~yesavage/GDS.html

Brink, T. L., Yesavage, J. A., Lum, O., Heersema, P., Adey, M. B., & Rose, T. L. (1982). Screening tests for geriatric depression. Clinical Gerontologist, 1, 37-44.

General References
Protocol ID:


Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Depression Symptoms

Release Date:

July 2, 2018


A self-report questionnaire to assess symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD).


This measure can be used to rapidly assess depressive symptoms and select cases and non-cases. Depression is a common disorder that demonstrates a familial pattern and is comorbid with other psychiatric disorders, including anxiety disorder, substance use disorders, and eating disorders. Additionally, certain medical conditions-such as diabetes, stroke, and heart disease-can increase the risk of depression. Some individuals who present with major depressive episodes may have a bipolar spectrum disorder.


Psychiatric, depression, bipolar disorder