Protocol - Executive Function - Child

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The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function® (BRIEF®) is a detailed questionnaire designed to assess executive function behaviors of children and adolescents in the school and home environments. The BRIEF® is completed by parents and teachers and is a proprietary instrument available online from PAR® at www4.parinc.com.

Specific Instructions

The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function® (BRIEF®) is a proprietary instrument and administration requires a license from PAR®.


Limited Availability


The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function® (BRIEF®) consists of two questionnaires; one is completed by the individual’s parent and the other by the teacher. Each questionnaire consists of 86 items and has a related scoring profile. Please note that normative data for each questionnaire is available by the child’s gender for four developmental age groups.

The BRIEF® has eight clinical scales (inhibit, shift, emotional control, initiate, working memory, plan/organize, organization of materials, and monitor). Please note that the working memory and inhibit scales differentiate among Attention Deficient Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) subtypes.

The eight clinical scales form two broader indexes (behavioral regulation and metacognition) and an overall score (global executive composite).

In addition to the clinical scales, the BRIEF® has two validity scales (inconsistency and negativity).

The BRIEF® is available in English and in Spanish and is useful when working with individuals who have learning disabilities and attention disorders, depression, traumatic brain injuries, pervasive developmental disorders, lead exposure, and other developmental, psychiatric, neurological, and medical conditions.

The BRIEF® is a proprietary instrument and is available online from PAR® at www4.parinc.com. A fee is associated with the BRIEF® and is dependent upon various factors, such as if the BRIEF® is purchased as a kit (i.e., questionnaires, manuals, and scoring forms) or in individual components.

Personnel and Training Required

According to the PAR, Inc. website, administration of the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function® (BRIEF®) requires "a degree from an accredited 4-year college or university in psychology, counseling, or a closely related field plus satisfactory completion of coursework in test interpretation, psychometrics and measurement theory, educational statistics, or a closely related area; or license or certification from an agency that requires appropriate training and experience in the ethical and competent use of psychological tests."

Equipment Needs


Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training Yes
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual Yes
Mode of Administration

Proxy-administered questionnaire


Child, Adolescent


Individuals age 5 to 18 years old.

Selection Rationale

The Sickle Cell Disease Working Group 2 (Neurology, Quality of Life, and Health Services) selected the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function® (BRIEF®) because it is a well-validated, widely used instrument.


English, Other languages available at source

Human Phenotype Ontology Cognitive impairment HP:0100543 HPO
Derived Variables


Process and Review

Not applicable.

Protocol Name from Source

The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF)


The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function® (BRIEF®) is proprietary instrument and can be obtained through:

PAR, Inc.
16204 North Florida Avenue
Lutz, FL 33549
Customer Support: 800.331.8378
website: www4.parinc.com

General References

Berg, C., Edwards, D. F., & King, A. (2012). Executive function performance on the children’s kitchen task assessment with children with sickle cell disease and matched controls. Child Neuropsychology 18(5), 432-448

Gioia, G. A., Isquith, P. K., Guy, S. C., & Kenworthy, L. (2000). Behavior rating inventory of executive function. Child Neuropsychology 6(3), 235-238.

Gioia, G. A., Isquith, P. K., Retzlaff, P. D., & Espy, K. A. (2002). Confirmatory factor analysis of the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) in a clinical sample. Child Neuropsychology 8(4), 249-257.

Hensler, M., Wolfe, K., Lebensburger, J., Nieman, J., Barnes, M., Nolan, W., King, A., Madan-Swain, A. (2014). Social skills and executive function among youth with sickle cell disease: A preliminary investigation. Journal of Pediatric Psychology 39(4), 493-500.

Protocol ID


Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
PX131102000000 Protocol 131102 - proprietary. Check DCW for more
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Measure Name

Executive Function

Release Date

July 30, 2015


An interviewer-administered test to measure a respondent’s system of high-level cognitive functions such as abstract thinking, rule acquisition, cognitive flexibility, and goal-oriented behavior.


This measure tests a respondent’s total range of function with respect to executive function. It is therefore more specific and sensitive than a measure of global mental status and can be used to assess major problems in executive function as well as minor variations that may be a consequence of normal development and aging.


Executive Function, Trail Making Test, Mental Status, Mental State, cognition, dementia, Problem Solving, Alzheimer’s disease, aging, proprietary, Neurology, Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function, BRIEF, adolescent, Child, Developmental Delay, Intellectual Delay, Learning Disability, Cognitive Impairment, Attention Deficient Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD, Attention Disorder, Pervasive Developmental Disorder, sickle cell disease, SCD

Measure Protocols
Protocol ID Protocol Name
131101 Executive Function
131102 Executive Function - Child

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