Protocol - Bullying

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The Olweus Bullying Questionnaire is a survey for children in grades 3-12 to respond to questions about bullying. It measures exposure to various forms of bullying, and extent to which peers, teachers, and parents respond.

Specific Instructions

When used to evaluated school-based programming, at least 15 students per grade should be given this survey and at least 10 students per ethnicity. This instrument is most commonly used to evaluate the effects of school-based anti-bullying interventions.


Limited Availability


The Olweus Bullying Questionnaire is a questionnaire on bullying that can be administered on paper or electronically. This questionnaire is filled out by students in grades 3-12 and scored against a national database.

The Olweus Bullying Questionnaire is a proprietary protocol and must be purchased from the Hazelden Publishing.

Personnel and Training Required


Equipment Needs

The PhenX Working Group acknowledges these questions can be administered in a computerized or noncomputerized format (i.e., paper-and-pencil instrument). Computer software is necessary to develop computer-assisted instruments. The interviewer will require a laptop computer/handheld computer to administer a computer-assisted questionnaire.

Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire


Child, Adolescent


Students in grades 3-12

Selection Rationale

The Olweus Bullying Questionnaire was selected because of its wide acceptance and strong psychometric properties. The protocol is a validated and highly utilized scale.


English, Other languages available at source

Derived Variables


Process and Review

Not Applicable

Protocol Name from Source

Olweus Bully-Victim Questionnaire-Revised (OBVQ-R)


Olweus D. 1996. The Revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire. Mimeo. Bergen, Norway: Research Center for Health Promotion (HEMIL Center), University of Bergen.

Olweus Bully-Victim Questionnaire-Revised (OBVQ-R) is a proprietary instrument, and administration requires a licensing agreement from Hazelden Publishing.

Hazelden Publishing
Attn: Customer Support
Website: https://www.hazelden.org/web/public/publishing.page
Telephone: 1-800-328-9000
E-mail: productinformation@hazeldenbettyford.org

General References

Gothwal, V.K., Sumalimni, R., Irfan, S.M., Gridhar, A. & Bharani, S. (2013). Revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire: evaluation in visually impaired. Optometry and Vision Science, 90 (8), pp.828-835.

Breivik K., & Olweus, D. (2015). An item response theory analysis of the Olweus Bullying Scale. Aggressive Behavior, 41 (1), pp.1-13.

Olweus, D. 1993. Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do, Oxford, UK, and Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.

Thomas, H.J., Scott, J. G., Coates, J.M. & Connor, J. P. (2018) Development and validation of the Bullying and Cyberbullying Scale for Adolescents: A multi?dimensional measurement model. British Journal of Educational Psychology.

Protocol ID


Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
PX300201000000 Protocol 300201 - proprietary. Check DCW for more
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Pediatric Development
Measure Name


Release Date

December 11, 2019


The Olweus Bully-Victim Questionnaire-Revised (OBVQ-R) is a survey for children in grades 3-12 about bullying experiences.


Bullying can affect a child’s physical and emotional development. Bullying is when someone repeatedly and purposefully says or does mean or hurtful things to another person who has a hard time defending himself or herself.


Pediatric Development, Olweus Bully-Victim Questionnaire-Revised, Intimidation, Hostile, Anti-Bullying, Research Center for Health Promotion (HEMIL Center), University of Bergen

Measure Protocols
Protocol ID Protocol Name
300201 Bullying

There are no publications listed for this protocol.