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Protocol - Respiratory Rate - Child Protocol

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Description:

For children (4 to 16 years of age), a study staff member counts the number of complete respiratory cycles (one inspiration and one expiration) a subject breathes in 60 seconds.

Specific Instructions:

The protocol for children should be administered in a quiet place where the child can remain calm. The observer or listener should reliably count or listen to the childs respiratory cycles for up to 60 seconds and observe the childs respiratory pattern.

Protocol:

1) Use a watch which can measure time in seconds.

2) Child (4-16 years of age) should be seated, may be awake or asleep but should be calm, not agitated; observe a complete respiratory cycle and count partial respiratory cycles as complete.

4) Count the number of respirations for 60 seconds or in two separate blocks of 30 seconds each.

5) While counting, note the childs respiratory depth, breathing pattern, and depth of breathing.

6) Record the results.

Protocol Name from Source:

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

Staff trained to count respiratory rates and auscultate breath sounds with a watch

Equipment Needs

Watch that can measure time in seconds and a stethoscope

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Physical Measurement

Life Stage:

Child, Child, Adolescent, Adolescent

Participants:

Children ages 4 years to 16 years

Selection Rationale

The child protocol was used in a study of 1,109 healthy children ages 4 to 16 years to establish age-related references for respiratory rate.

Language

English, English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Person Respiratory Rate Text 2970219 CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Resp rate child proto 62633-3 LOINC
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

Not applicable.

Source
Wallis, L. A., Healy, M., Undy, M. B., & Maconochie, I. (2005). Age related reference ranges for respiration rate and heart rate from 4 to 16 years. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 90, 1117-1121.
General References

None

Protocol ID:

91402

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX091402_Breathing_Depth_Comments PX091402040000 Breathing depth comments N/A
PX091402_Breathing_Pattern_Comments PX091402030000 Breathing pattern comments N/A
PX091402_Respiratory_Cycles PX091402010000 Number of respiratory cycles in one minute Variable Mapping
PX091402_Respiratory_Depth_Comments PX091402020000 Respiratory Depth Comments N/A
Respiratory
Measure Name:

Respiratory Rate

Release Date:

January 29, 2010

Definition

Respiratory rate is the number of breaths an individual takes within a specific amount of time (frequently given in breaths per minute).

Purpose

Respiratory rate is a low-burden, quantitative variable that can be used to distinguish individuals with and without various forms of lung disease.

Keywords

respiratory, lung, respiratory rate, breaths per minute, child, adult, infant, auscultation