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Protocol - Lung Function - Lung Volume

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Description:

The American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) Task Force recommendations for standardisation of the measurement of lung volume testing outline how to obtain measurement of functional residual capacity (FRC) using body plethysmography, nitrogen washout, helium dilution, and imaging techniques. In addition, this source contains details regarding the assessment of total lung capacity (TLC), vital capacity (VC), reserve volume (RV), expiratory reserve volume (ERV), and inspiratory capacity (IC).

These recommendations for standardization of the measurement of lung volume testing are part of a series of recommendations by the ATS/ERS Task Force for the standardization of lung function testing, which can be found on the ATS website at www.thoracic.org/statements/pulmonary-function.php. Detailed information regarding patient preparation is included in the general considerations document for lung function testing in this series.

Protocol:

Lung Function Testing: Measurement of Lung Volume

The American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) Task Force recommendations for standardisation of the measurement of lung volumes can be found here as well as on the ATS website here.

Protocol Name from Source:

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

Certified respiratory therapist

Equipment Needs

Equipment needed for the calculation of lung volumes are outlined in the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) Task Force recommendations for standardisation of the measurement of lung volumes can be found here as well as on the ATS website here.

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment Yes
Specialized training Yes
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Clinical assessment

Life Stage:

Child, Adolescent, Adult, Senior, Pregnancy

Participants:

Individuals age 8 years old and older.

Specific Instructions:

A comprehensive evaluation of lung function requires investigation of various aspects of the lung, such as lung volumes and diffusion capacity. Hence, the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) Task Force have published a series of documents regarding pulmonary function testing. The Sickle Cell Disease: Cardiovascular, Pulmonary, and Renal Working Group recommends researchers access the ATS website (www.thoracic.org/) to view other documents in this series that may apply to their area of research.

Additionally, although there are various methods to measure functional residual capacity (FRC), the Working Group views body plethysmography as the most accurate, particularly when airflow obstruction is a possible underlying condition.

Selection Rationale

The Sickle Cell Disease Cardiovascular, Pulmonary, and Renal Working Group recommends the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) Task Force 2005 recommendations for standardisation of the measurement of lung volumes because this document integrates and consolidates the task force recommendations and the recommendations from various National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) workshops.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Lung Forced Expiratory Volume 1 Test Value 2629105 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

Wanger, J., Clausen, J. L., Coates, A., Pedersen, O. F., Brusasco, V., Burgos, F., Casaburi, R., Crapo, R., Enright, P., van der Grinten, C. P. M., Gustafsson, P., Hankinson, J., Jensen, R., Johnson, D., MacIntyre, N., McKay, R., Miller, M. R., Navajas, D., Pellegrino, R., & Viegi, G. (2005). Standardisation of the measurement of lung volumes. European Respiratory Journal, 26, 511-522. doi: 10.1183/09031936.05.00035005

General References

Arteta, M., Campbell, A., Nouraie, M., Rana, S., Onyekwere, O. C., Ensing, G., Sable, C., Dham, N., Darbari, D., Luchtman-Jones, L., Kato, G. J., Gladwin, M. T., Castro, O. L., Minniti, C. P., & Gordeuk, V. R. (2014). Abnormal pulmonary function and associated risk factors in children and adolescents with sickle cell anemia. Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, 36(3), 185-189.

Lunt, A., Desai, S. R., Wells, A. U., Hansell, D. M., Mushemi, S., Melikian, N., Shah, A. M., Thein, S. L., & Greenough, A. (2014). Pulmonary function, CT and echocardiographic abnormalities in sickle cell disease, Thorax 69(8), 746-751.

Protocol ID:

810401

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_BodyPleth_Calibration PX810401390105 If body plethysmography method is used to measure FRC, was the mouth pressure transducer and plethysmograph signal calibrated within the past 24 hours? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_BodyPleth_Calibration_Controls PX810401390106 If body plethysmography method is used to measure FRC, at least once a month or whenever plethysmographic errors are suspected, was the plethysmograph recalibrated with two reference subjects (biological controls)? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_BodyPleth_ConstantPressure PX810401390301 If volume-displacement plethysmograph, what is the volume within the constant-pressure chambler? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_BodyPleth_ConstantPressure_Airflow PX810401390101 If flow plethysmograph, what is the airflow rate in and out of the constant-pressure chamber? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_BodyPleth_ConstantVolume PX810401390201 If variable-pressure plethysmograph, what is the pressure within the constant-volume chamber? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_BodyPleth_Frc PX810401390104 If body plethysmography method is used to measure FRC, what is the reported FRC value? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_BodyPleth_Measurement_Technique PX810401390103 If body plethysmography method is used to measure FRC, does the measurement technique adhere to the following steps? 1) Equipment should be turned on and allowed an adequate time to warm up; 2) Equipment is set up for testing, including calibration, according to manufacturer's instructions; 3) Equipment is adjusted so that the patient can sit comfortably in the chamber and reach the mouthpiece without having to flex or extend the neck; 4) Patient is seated comfortably with no need to remove dentures; 5) The plethysmograph door is closed and time is allowed for the thermal transients to stabilize and the patient to relax; 6) The patient is instructed to attach to the mouthpiece and breathe quietly until a stable end-expiratory level is achieved (usually 3-10 tidal breaths); 7) When the patient is at or near FRC, the shutter is closed at end-expiration for ~2-3 seconds and the patient is instructed to perform a series of gentle pants (~+/- kPa) at a frequency between 0.5 and 1.0 Hertz; 8) A series of 3-5 technically satisfactory panting manuevers should be recorded; 9) For those unable to perform appropriate panting manuevers, an alternative is to perform a rapid inspiratory manuever against the closed shutter; 10) At least three FRC values that agree within 5% (i.e. difference between the highest and value divided by the mean <= 0.05) should be obtained and mean value reported 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_BodyPleth_Transducer PX810401390102 If body plethysmography method is used to measure FRC, is the transducer capable of measure mouth pressure greater than +/- 5kPa? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_BodyPleth_Type PX810401390000 If body plethysmography method is used to measure FRC, which type of plethysmograph is used to track changes in thoracic volume? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Current_BarometricPressure PX810401150000 What is the current barometric pressure? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Current_Temperature PX810401140000 What is the current ambient temperature? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Current_Time PX810401160000 What is the current time? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Equipment_Closed_Circuit PX810401230000 Since the previous subject, if a closed-circuit technique was used, were volume-based spirometers flushed with room air at least five times over the entire volume range? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Equipment_OpenCircuit_Mouthpiece PX810401250000 Since the previous subject, if an open-circuit technique was used, were volume- and flow-based spirometers used without inspiration from the measuring system had their outhpieces replaced/sterilized? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Equipment_OpenCircuit_Replacement PX810401240000 Since the previous subject, if an open-circuit technique was used and the subject only expires into the spirometer, was the portion of the circuit which rebreathing occurs properly decontaminated? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Equipment_Reusable_Components PX810401220000 Has reusable equipment (such as mouthpieces, breathing tubes, valves and manifolds or any other equipment showing visible condensation from expired air) been disinfected/sterilized? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_FirstMethod_Erv PX810401370202 If first method, what is the reported value for the (technically satisfactory) expiratory reserve volume (ERV)? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_FirstMethod_Frc PX810401370201 If first method, what is the reported value for the functional residual capacity (mean of technically satisfactory FRC measurements)? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_FirstMethod_Ivc PX810401370203 If first method, what is the reported value for the (technically satisfactory) inspiratory vital capacity (IVC)? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_Analyzer_Flow PX810401410900 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, does the helium analyzer allow a flow of >=200 mL/min? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_Analyzer_Range PX810401410600 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, does the helium analyzer have a range of ~0-10% helium, a resolution of <= 0.01% helium over the entire range, and a 95% response time of <15seconds to a 2% step change in helium concentration? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_Analyzer_Stability PX810401410700 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, is the meter stable with a drift of <= 0.02% for measurement periods up to 10 minutes? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_Analyzer_Type PX810401410400 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, what type of analyzer is being used? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_Analyzer_TypeOther PX810401410500 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, what type of analyzer is being used? Other 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_CalibrationStep PX810401410200 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, before measurements are taken, was enough 100% helium added to the system where the helium reading was ~10%? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_Calibration_Control PX810401411800 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, was testing of biological controls performed at least once in the past month? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_CarbonDioxide PX810401411000 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, is the breathing-circuit CO2 levels during testing below 0.5%? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_DeadSpace PX810401411300 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, does the breathing valve and mouthpiece have a combined dead space <100mL? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_Flow PX810401410300 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, does the device have a flow of ~50 L/min? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_Leak_Check PX810401411600 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, for systems that can be pressurized, were leaks checked for at least once in the past 24 hours and/or after every tubing or canister changes? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_Measurement_Technique PX810401411400 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, does the measurement technique adhere to the following steps? 1) Equipment is turned on and allowed an adequate warm-up time, with calibration as instructed by manufacturer; 2) The equipment should be set up for testing, including calibration, according to manufacturer's instructions; 3) Patient should be asked if he/she has a perforated eardrum (if so, earplug should be used); 4) Patient is seated comfortable with no need to remove dentures. The procedure is explained, emphasizing the need to avoid leaks around the mouthpiece during the washout and using a nose clip; 5) The patient breathes for ~30-60 seconds on the mouthpiece to become accustomed to the apparatus and to ensure a stable end-tidal expiratory level; 6) The patient is turned 'in' (i.e. connected to the test gas) at the end of a normal tidal expiration; 7) The patient is instructed to breathe regular tidal breathes; 8) The O2 flow is adjusted to compensate for O2 consumption (significant errors in the calculation of FRC can result in O2 consumption is not adequately accounted for); 9) The helium concentration is noted ever 15s; 10) Helium equilibration is considered to be complete when the change in helium concentration is <0.02% for 30 seconds. The test rarely exceeds 10 minutes, even in patients with severe gas-exchange abnormalities; 11) Once the helium equilibration is complete, the patient is turned 'out' (i.e. disconnected from the test gas) of the system; 12) At least one technically satisfactory measurement should be obtained. Due to extra costs and time in making multiple measurements, and the relatively good inter-day variability in adults, two or more measurements of FRC need to be made only when necessitated by clinical or research need. For younger children, it is recommeneded that at least two technically satisfactory measurements of FRC to be carried out. 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_Oxygen_Recalibration PX810401410800 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, for systems in which O2 concentration changes substantially, was the helium analyzer recalibrated over the range of O2 concentrations encountered? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_Quality_Control PX810401411500 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, before the subject was tested, were the following items checked? Water level of water-sealed spirometer; status of all CO2 and water absorbers; operation of the circuit fan; baseline stability of helium and volume signals 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_Spirometer_QualityControl PX810401410100 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, is the capacity of the spirometer at least 7 liters and is the device equipped with a mixing fan, CO2 absorber, O2 and helium supply, a gas inlet and outlet, and a water vapour absorber in the line to the helium analyzer? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_Stability_Temperature PX810401411700 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, was the stability (<0.02% drift in 10 min) and temperature of the helium meter checked at least once in the past week? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_Temperature PX810401411100 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, what is the temperature of the gas in the breathing circuit? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Helium_Temperature_Sensor PX810401411200 If helium dilution method is used to measure FRC, does the temperature sensor have an accuracy of better than 0.5 degrees Celsius over the range of 12-30 degrees Celsius and have a 90% response time of <30 seconds to a 5 degree Celsius step change of temperature of the gas inside the breathing circuit? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Imaging_Technique PX810401420200 If the subject has limited ability to cooperate, which imaging technique method will be used to measure his/her lung volume? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Imaging_Technique_Other PX810401420300 If the subject has limited ability to cooperate, which imaging technique method will be used to measure his/her lung volume? Other 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Inline_Filtered PX810401280000 If in-line filters are being used, does the measuring system meet the minimum recommendations for accuracy, precision (reproducibility), flow resistance, and back pressure with the filter installed? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_MethodOf_Measurement PX810401370100 Which method from lung volume measurement is being used? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Method_Frc PX810401380000 Which method is used for measuring forced residual capacity (FRC)? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Myocardial_Infarction PX810401020000 Has the subject suffered from myocardial infarction within the last month? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Nitrogen_BreathingValve PX810401400400 If nitrogen washout method is used to measure FRC, does the breathing valve for switching the patient from breathing room air to pure oxygen have a dead space of less than 100mL for adults and <2mL/kg in smaller children? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Nitrogen_Calibration PX810401400200 If nitrogen washout method is used to measure FRC, were pneumotachographs and other flow-measuring devices calibrated within the last 24 hours by discharging a 3-liter syringe at least 3 times giving a flow range of 0-6L/s? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Nitrogen_Calibration_Controls PX810401400900 If nitrogen washout method is used to measure FRC, was the performance of the device tested with biological controls at least once in the past month? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Nitrogen_Calibration_Day PX810401400800 If nitrogen washout method is used to measure FRC, before use, was the accuracy of the flow and volume output measured by the device confirmed within the past 24 hours with a calibrating syringe? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Nitrogen_Calibration_Zero PX810401400600 If nitrogen washout method is used to measure FRC, was the N2 analyzer tared to zero using 100% O2 and then exposed to room air to confirm calibration? The percentage of N2 for room air should be within 0.5% of the expected reading for room air 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Nitrogen_Measurement_Technique PX810401400500 If nitrogen washout method is used to measure FRC, does the measurement technique adhere to the following steps? 1) Equipment is turned on and allowed an adequate warm-up time, with calibration as instructed by manufacturer; 2) Patient should be asked if he/she has a perforated eardrum (if so, earplug should be used); 3) Patient is seated comfortable with no need to remove dentures. The procedure is explained, emphasizing the need to avoid leaks around the mouthpiece during the washout and using a nose clip; 4) Patient breathes on the mouthpieces for ~30-60 seconds to become accustomed to the apparatus and to assure a stable end-tidal expiratory level; 5) when breathing is stable and consistent with the end-tidal volume being at FRC, the patient is switched into the circuit so that 100% oxygen is inspired instead of room air; 6) The nitrogen concentration is monitored during the washout. A change in inspired N2 of >1% or sudden large increases in expiratory N2 concentrations indicate a leak; hence the test should be stopped and repeated after a 15-minute period of breathing room air. The washout is considered to be complete when the N2 concentration is less than 1.5% for at least three successive breaths; 8) At least one technically satisfactory measurement should be obtained. If additional washouts are performed, a waiting period of >= 15 minutes is recommended between trials. In patients with severe obstructive or bullous disease, the time between trials should be >= 1 hour. If more than one measurement of FRCN2 is made, the value reported for FRCN2 should be the mean of technically acceptable results that agree within 10%. If only one measurement of FRCN2 is made, caution should be used in the interpretation. 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Nitrogen_Quality_Control PX810401400100 If nitrogen washout method is used to measure FRC, does the N2 analyzer have an inaccuracy <= 0.2% of full range throughout the entire measuring range (0-80%), have a resolution of <= 0.01%, and have a 95% analyzer response time of <= 60 milliseconds to a 10% step change in nitrogen concentration? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Nitrogen_Recalibration PX810401400700 If nitrogen washout method is used to measure FRC, before initial use and once every 6 months thereafter, was the linearity of the N2 analyzer confirmed by measuring the N2 percentage of a calibration gas mixture, where the expected N2 concentration is ~40% and observed values are within 0.5% of the expected concentration? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Nitrogen_SamplingRate PX810401400300 If nitrogen washout method is used to measure FRC, for flow and nitrogen signals, does the system have a sampling rate of >= 40 samples/sec? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Personnel_Competency PX810401310000 For personnel directly involved in pulmonary function testing, have they established competency in pulmonary function testing? (familiarity with theory and practical aspects of all commonly applied techniques, measurements, calibrations, hygiene, quality control, basic knowledge in lung physiology and pathology) 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Personnel_CompetencyExam PX810401330000 Has personnel passed a written and practical examination in the presence of an experienced instructor? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Personnel_FormalTraining PX810401300000 For personnel directly involved in pulmonary function testing, do they have formal training emphasis in health-related sciences (such as nursing, medical assistant, respiratory therapy, etc)? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Personnel_NotebookOf_Records PX810401350000 Are personnel maintaining a notebook of recoreds including but not limited to: calibration procedures, test-performance procedures, calculations, criteria, reference values source, and action to be taken when 'panic' values are observed? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Personnel_Notebook_Detail PX810401360000 Are there detailed statements and/or publications on the selection of references values and interpretation of lung function tests along with an assessment of the reliability of the data? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Personnel_Qualifications PX810401290000 Do personnel have the sufficient education (2 years college education) and training to understand the fundamentals of the test, know the common signs of pulmonary disease, and be able to manage acquired pulmonary function data? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Personnel_RefreshTraining PX810401340000 If it has been more than 3 years since his/her last competency exam or if lung function standards have been recently updated, have personnel taken a spirometry refresher training course? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Personnel_TrainingProgram PX810401320000 Has personnel completed training similar to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)-approved spirometry program? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_SecondMethod_Approach_Ic PX810401370306 If second method, and using the slow EVC approach, what is the mean of technically satisfactory inspiratory capacity (IC) measurements? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_SecondMethod_Approach_Ivc PX810401370304 If second method, and using the IVC/ERV approach, what is the reported value for the (technically satisfactory) inspiratory vital capacity (IVC)? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_SecondMethod_Approach_Largest_Vc PX810401370305 If second method, and using the IVC/ERV approach, what is the largest measurement obtained for the vital capacity (VC)? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_SecondMethod_Approach_Tlc PX810401370307 If second method, what is the calculated value for total lung capacity (TLC)? (mean of three largest sums of technically acceptable FRC values and linked IC manuevers) 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_SecondMethod_Approach_Vc PX810401370303 If second method, which approach is used to derive the value for vital capacity? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_SecondMethod_Erv PX810401370302 If second method, what is the reported value for the (technically satisfactory) expiratory reserve volume (ERV)? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_SecondMethod_Frc PX810401370301 If second method, what is the reported value for the functional residual capacity (mean of technically satisfactory FRC measurements)? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Spirometer_Recalibration PX810401260000 If the spirometer was disassembled and cleaned, was the device re-calibrated? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subjects_Infected_Precautions PX810401270000 For subjects with transmissible infectious diseases, were any of the following precautions taken? Reserving equipment for the sole purpose of testing infected patients, testing such patients at the end of the day to allow time for spirometer disassembly and disinfection, testing patients in their own rooms with adequate ventilation and appropriate protection for the technician 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_AbilityTo_Cooperate PX810401200000 Does the subject show signs of limited ability to cooperate? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Activities PX810401040000 Was the subject involved in any of the following activities? Smoke within at least 1 hour of testing, consuming alcohol within 4 hours of testing, performing vigorous exercise within 30 minutes of testing, wearing clothing that substantially restricts full chest and abdominal expansion, eating a large meal within 2 hours of testing 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Age PX810401060000 What is the subject's age? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Arm_Span PX810401080200 If so, what is the subject's arm span from fingertip to fingertip? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Bmi PX810401110000 What is the subject's body mass index? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Conditions PX810401030000 Does the subject suffer from any of the following conditions: chest or abdominal pain of any cause, oral or facial pain exacerbated by a mouthpiece, stress incontinence, dementia or confusional state? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Denture PX810401130000 Does the subject wear any denture or dental treatments that are loose and/or that may interfere with performance? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_DiseaseOr_Illness PX810401190000 Does the subject currently suffer from upper respiratory or any other contagious disease or illness? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Height PX810401070000 What is the subject's height? (without shoes, feet together) 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Knee_Height PX810401090200 If so, what is the subject's knee height? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Medications PX810401120100 Is the subject currently taking any medication that may alter lung function? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Medications_LastTime PX810401120300 If so, when was the last time the drugs were administered? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Medications_Type PX810401120200 If so, what type of medication is the subject taking? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_OralSores PX810401210000 Does the subject suffer from open oral sores or cuts? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_OtherHandicap PX810401090100 Does the subject suffer from any handicap which prevents an accurate measurement from standing height or arm span length? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Position PX810401050100 Which position will the subject be in for the duration of the test? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Position_Other PX810401050200 Which position will the subject be in for the duration of the test? Other 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Repeat_EquipmentTester PX810401170200 If so, is the equipment and operator from the previous session the same? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Repeat_OrderConserved PX810401180000 Is the planned order of lung function tests identical to previous tests? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Repeat_TimeRestriction PX810401170300 If so, is the current test time within 2 hours of the previous test time? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Return_Testing PX810401170100 Is the subject returning for repeat testing? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Thoracic_Deformity PX810401080100 Does the subject suffer from any deformity of the thoracic cage, such as kyphoscoliosis? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_Subject_Weight PX810401100000 What is the subject's weight? 4 N/A
PX810401_Standardisation_LungVolumeMeasurement_VC PX810401010000 Which of the following ways is the measurement for vital capacity taken? 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Lung Function - Lung Volume

Release Date:

July 30, 2015

Definition

Clinical assessment to determine the volume of gas within an individual’s lung.

Purpose

This measure can be used to differentiate obstructive and restrictive pulmonary conditions and to detect and quantify symptoms associated with conditions that impact the lung, such as sickle cell disease, cystic fibrosis, and obstructive airway disease.

Keywords

Lung function, lung volume, lung physiology, diffusion capacity, DLCO, functional residual capacity, FRC, sickle cell disease, SCD, emphysema, cystic fibrosis, CF, asbestosis, lupus, arthritis, smoking, sarcoidosis, carbon monoxide, obstructive airway disease, pulmonary, asthma, sleep apnea, breathing