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Protocol - Laboratory Test of Risk Taking (Balloon Analogue Risk Task)

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Description:

The Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) is a computerized, laboratory-based test of risky behavior, which can be used with adolescents and adults. During the test, participants inflate, or pump up, a hypothetical balloon. Participants receive a certain amount of money for each pump of the balloon until it pops, at which point all money is lost. Participants can stop inflating the balloon at any point in the trial and collect the accrued money. Unlike other decision tasks that elicit choices between different discrete response options (with different scheduled penalty probabilities), the penalty probability in the Balloon Analogue Risk Task accelerates as a function of reward pursuit within the same behavioral option (such as alcohol drinking).

For more information about the Balloon Analogue Risk Task, please refer to the Cognitive Atlas Interpretation.

Specific Instructions:

None

Protocol:

Summary of the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART)

Participants are shown a computer screen with a small balloon, a balloon pump, a box displaying money earned for the current balloon, a button to collect a monetary amount for the current balloon, and a box displaying total amount of money earned. Five cents are added to the temporary account each time participants click the pump, until the balloon pops, at which time all temporary money for that trial is lost. Participants can collect all the money in the temporary account at any time by pressing the collect money button. The number of pumps before the balloon pops is randomized across the trials. The task is completed after a total of 30 balloon trials, which are randomized as to how many pumps before the balloon pops.

Scoring

Although several summary scores can be calculated, the BART score is defined as the average number of balloon pumps that did not pop.

This program can be found at http://caperlab.net/task-downloads/

Protocol Name from Source:

Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART)

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

The Balloon Analogue Risk Task can be administered by research assistants trained in the ethical and competent use of psychological tests.

Equipment Needs

The computerized version of the Balloon Analogue Risk Task requires Windows XP, Windows Vista, or Windows 7 and NTFS file system, and internet connection for download and installation.

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered evaluation

Life Stage:

Adolescent, Adult

Participants:

Adults and adolescents aged 13 years or older

Selection Rationale

The Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) is a widely used task that directly assesses the propensity of the participant to take risks. Similar to real-world situations, the BART rewards risky behavior up until a point, but long-term, continued risky behavior leads to negative consequences.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Neurobehavioral Risk Taking Test Assessment Score 3371873 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel 3 (ERP 3) reviewed the measures in Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances, and Substance Abuse and Addiction domains.

Guidance from ERP 3 includes:

• Link to Balloon Analogue Risk Task website updated

• Changed name of Measure

• Updated protocol

• New Data Dictionary

Back-compatible: Partially back-compatible (updated/similar protocol which would require some changes to the data dictionary), variable mapping between current and previous protocols can be found here.

Previous version in Toolkit archive (link)

Source

Lejuez, C. W., Read, J. P., Kahler, C. W., Richards, J. B., Ramsey, S. E., Stuart, G. L., Strong, D. R., & Brown, R. A. (2002). Evaluation of a behavioral measure of risk taking: The Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 8, 75-84.

The Balloon Analogue Risk Task can be downloaded from the "Tasks" tab on the Center for Addictions, Personality, and Emotional Research website (Department of Psychology at the University of Maryland). http://caperlab.net/task-downloads/

General References

Aklin, W. M., Lejuez, C. W., Zvolensky, M. J., Kahler, C. W., & Gwadz, M. (2005). Evaluation of behavioral measures of risk taking propensity with inner city adolescents. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43(2), 215-228.

Fernie, G., Cole, J. C., Goudie, A. J., & Field, M. (2010). Risk-taking but not response inhibition or delay discounting predict alcohol consumption in social drinkers. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 112(12), 54-61.

Lejuez, C., Aklin, W. M., Zvolensky, M. J., & Pedulla, C. M. (2003). Evaluation of the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) as a predictor of adolescent real-world risk-taking behaviours. Journal of Adolescence, 26(4), 475-479.

Skeel, R. L., Neudecker, J., Pilarski, C., & Pytlak, K. (2007). The utility of personality variables and behaviorally-based measures in the prediction of risk-taking behavior. Personality and Individual Differences, 43(1), 203-214.

White, T. L., Lejuez, C. W., & Wit, H. (2008). Test-retest characteristics of the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART). Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 16(6), 565-570.

Kohno, M., Ghahremani, D.G., Morales, A.M., Robertson, C.L., Ishibashi, K., Morgan, A.T., Mandelkern, M.A., & London, E.D. (2015). Risk-taking behavior: dopamine D2/D3 receptors, feedback, and frontolimbic activity. Cerebral Cortex, 25(1), 236-45.

Ashenhurst, J.R., Bujarski, S., Jentsch, J.D., & Ray, L.A. (2014). Modeling behavioral reactivity to losses and rewards on the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART): moderation by alcohol problem severity. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 22(4), 298-306.

Pleskac, T.J., Wershbale, A. (2014). Making assessments while taking repeated risks: a pattern of multiple response pathways. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General, 143(1), 142-62.

Protocol ID:

530502

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_1 PX530502010100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_10 PX530502100100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_11 PX530502110100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_12 PX530502120100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_13 PX530502130100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_14 PX530502140100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_15 PX530502150100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_16 PX530502160100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_17 PX530502170100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_18 PX530502180100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_19 PX530502190100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_2 PX530502020100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_20 PX530502200100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_21 PX530502210100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_22 PX530502220100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_23 PX530502230100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_24 PX530502240100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_25 PX530502250100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_26 PX530502260100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_27 PX530502270100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_28 PX530502280100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_29 PX530502290100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_3 PX530502030100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_30 PX530502300100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_4 PX530502040100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_5 PX530502050100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_6 PX530502060100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_7 PX530502070100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_8 PX530502080100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Collect_Money_9 PX530502090100 Did the participant collect the money before the balloon popped? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_1 PX530502010200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_10 PX530502100200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_11 PX530502110200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_12 PX530502120200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_13 PX530502130200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_14 PX530502140200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_15 PX530502150200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_16 PX530502160200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_17 PX530502170200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_18 PX530502180200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_19 PX530502190200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_2 PX530502020200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_20 PX530502200200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_21 PX530502210200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_22 PX530502220200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_23 PX530502230200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_24 PX530502240200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_25 PX530502250200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_26 PX530502260200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_27 PX530502270200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_28 PX530502280200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_29 PX530502290200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_3 PX530502030200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_30 PX530502300200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_4 PX530502040200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_5 PX530502050200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_6 PX530502060200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_7 PX530502070200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_8 PX530502080200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Money_Amount_9 PX530502090200 How much money was collected or lost? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_1 PX530502010300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_10 PX530502100300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_11 PX530502110300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_12 PX530502120300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_13 PX530502130300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_14 PX530502140300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_15 PX530502150300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_16 PX530502160300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_17 PX530502170300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_18 PX530502180300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_19 PX530502190300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_2 PX530502020300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_20 PX530502200300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_21 PX530502210300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_22 PX530502220300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_23 PX530502230300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_24 PX530502240300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_25 PX530502250300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_26 PX530502260300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_27 PX530502270300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_28 PX530502280300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_29 PX530502290300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_3 PX530502030300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_30 PX530502300300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_4 PX530502040300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_5 PX530502050300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_6 PX530502060300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_7 PX530502070300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_8 PX530502080300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
PX530502_Risk_Taking_Number_Pumps_9 PX530502090300 How many pumps were executed by the participant? N/A
Substance Abuse and Addiction
Measure Name:

Laboratory Test of Risk Taking (Balloon Analogue Risk Task)

Release Date:

November 21, 2016

Definition

This measure assesses the participant’s tolerance for exposure to risk in pursuit of a reward.

Purpose

Risk taking is a multidimensional construct defined as behavior with the potential for rewards as well as negative consequences (e.g., health or safety outcomes). In contrast to self-report measures, which capture individual aspects of risk taking, such as impulsiveness and sensation seeking, this measure is a direct assessment of risk-taking behavior. Because risk behaviors can begin in childhood and adolescence and continue into adulthood, this measure can be used to predict the emergence of potential new risk behaviors such as substance use.

Keywords

Adolescents, Adult, Balloon Analogue Risk Task, BART, Child, Decision Making, Drug Abuse, Drug Use, Executive Function, Impulsivity, Risk, Risk Taking, Substance Abuse, Substance Use, University of Maryland, SAA, Substance Use-related Neurobehavioral and Cognitive Risk Factors, computer administered