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Protocol - Aggression and Hostility

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Description:

The Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ) consists of 29 self-administered items rated on a 5-point Likert scale. The BPAQ includes four subscales: Physical Aggression (items 1-9), Verbal Aggression (items 10-14), Anger (items 15-21), and Hostility (items 22-29.)

The score for each scale is the sum or the ratings for its items. The two items (7 and 18) worded in the direction opposite to aggression are reverse-scored. The total score for aggression is the sum of these scale scores. Higher scores indicate higher aggressive behavior.

Protocol:

Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire

Please rate each of the following items in terms of how characteristic they are of you.

1. Once in a while I can’t control the urge to strike another person.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

2. Given enough provocation, I may hit another person.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

3. If somebody hits me, I hit back.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

4. I get into fights a little more than the average person.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

5. If I have to resort to violence to protect my rights, I will.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

6. There are people who pushed me so far that we came to blows.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

7. I can think of no good reason for ever hitting a person (R).

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

8. I have threatened people I know.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

9. I have become so mad that I have broken things.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

10. I tell my friends openly when I disagree with them.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

11. I often find myself disagreeing with people.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

12. When people annoy me, I may tell them what I think of them.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

13. I can’t help getting into arguments when people disagree with me.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

14. My friends say that I’m somewhat argumentative.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

15. I flare up quickly but get over it quickly.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

16. When frustrated, I let my irritation show.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

17. I sometimes feel like a powder keg ready to explode.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

18. I am an even-tempered person (R).

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

19. Some of my friends think I’m a hothead.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

20. Sometimes I fly off the handle for no good reason.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

21. I have trouble controlling my temper.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

22. I am sometimes eaten up with jealousy.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

23. At times I feel I have gotten a raw deal out of life.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

24. Other people always seem to get the breaks.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

25. I wonder why sometimes I feel so bitter about things.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

26. I know that "friends" talk about me behind my back.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

27. I am suspicious of overly friendly strangers.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

28. I sometimes feel that people are laughing at me behind me back.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

29. When people are especially nice, I wonder what they want.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

Scoring:

Physical Aggression subscale: items 1-9.

Verbal Aggression subscale: items 10-14.

Anger subscale: items 15-21.

Hostility subscale: items 22-29.

The score for each scale is the sum or the ratings for its items. The two items (7 and 18) worded in the direction opposite to aggression are reverse-scored. The total score for aggression is the sum of these scale scores. Higher scores indicate higher aggressive behavior.

Protocol Name from Source:

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adolescent, Adult

Participants:

Adolescents and adults, ages 12 and older

Specific Instructions:

The authors (Buss & Perry, 1992) recommend that investigators "scramble the items so that items from any one factor do not pile up."

Selection Rationale

The Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ) is a widely used, low-burden questionnaire that is considered as the gold standard measurement of aggression. The BPAQ has internal and test-retest reliability, strong convergent validity, and is appropriate for both adolescents and adults. The BPAQ is a revision of the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory, which was a widely used, well-validated aggression questionnaire.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Psychological Aggression Questionnaire Score 4588819 CDE Browser
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

Buss, A. H., & Perry, M. (1992). The Aggression Questionnaire. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63(3), 452-459.

General References

Bridge, J. A., McBee-Strayer, S. M., Cannon, E. A., Sheftall, A. H., Reynolds, B., Campo, J. V., Pajer, K. A., Barbe, R. P., & Brent, D. A. (2012). Impaired decision-making in adolescent suicide attempters. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(4), 394-403.

Doihara, C., Kawanishi. C., Yamada, T., Sato, R., Hasegawa, H., Furuno, T., Nakagawa, M., & Hirayasu Y. (2008). Trait aggression in suicide attempters: A pilot study. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 62(3), 352-354.

Dougherty, D. M., Mathias, C. W., Marsh, D. M., Papageorgiou, T. D., Swann, A. C., & Moeller, G. F. (2004). Laboratory measured behavioral impulsivity relates to suicide attempt history. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 34(4), 374-385.

Gerevich, J., Bacskal, E., & Czobor, P. (2007). The generalizability of the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 16(3), 124-136.

Protocol ID:

640701

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX640701_Aggression_Arguments_Disagree PX640701011300 I can't help getting into arguments when people disagree with me. 4 N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Get_Into_Fights PX640701010400 I get into fights a little more than the average person. 4 N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Hit_Back PX640701010300 If somebody hits me, I hit back. 4 N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Mad_Broken_Things PX640701010900 I have become so mad that I have broken things. 4 N/A
PX640701_Aggression_No_Reason_ToHIt PX640701010700 I can think of no good reason for ever hitting a person (R). 4 N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Often_Disagreeeing PX640701011100 I often find myself disagreeing with people. 4 N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Openly_Disagree PX640701011000 I tell my friends openly when I disagree with them. 4 N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Provocation_Hit PX640701010200 Given enough provocation, I may hit another person. 4 N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Pushed_To_Blows PX640701010600 There are people who pushed me so far that we came to blows. 4 N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Resort_ToViolence PX640701010500 If I have to resort to violence to protect my rights, I will. 4 N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Score PX640701013000 Physical Aggression subscale: items 1-9. Verbal Aggression subscale: items 10-14. Anger subscale: items 15-21. Hostility subscale: items 22-29. The score for each scale is the sum or the ratings for its items. The two items (7 and 18) worded in the direction opposite to aggression are reverse-scored. The total score for aggression is the sum of these scale scores. Higher scores indicate higher aggressive behavior. 4 N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Tell_What_Ithink PX640701011200 When people annoy me, I may tell them what I think of them. 4 N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Threatened_People PX640701010800 I have threatened people I know. 4 N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Urge_ToStrike PX640701010100 Once in a while I can't control the urge to strike another person. 4 N/A
PX640701_Anger_Argumentative PX640701011400 My friends say that I'm somewhat argumentative. 4 N/A
PX640701_Anger_Even-Tempered PX640701011800 I am an even-tempered person ¿¿ 4 N/A
PX640701_Anger_Feel_Ready_ToExplode PX640701011700 I sometimes feel like a powder keg ready to explode. 4 N/A
PX640701_Anger_Flare_Up_Quickly PX640701011500 I flare up quickly but get over it quickly. 4 N/A
PX640701_Anger_Fly_Off_Handle PX640701012000 Sometimes I fly off the handle for no good reason. 4 N/A
PX640701_Anger_Frustrated_Show_Irritation PX640701011600 When frustrated, I let my irritation show. 4 N/A
PX640701_Anger_Hothead PX640701011900 Some of my friends think I'm a hothead. 4 N/A
PX640701_HostilityBitter PX640701012500 I wonder why sometimes I feel so bitter about things. 4 N/A
PX640701_Hostility_Friends_Talk_AboutMe PX640701012600 I know that "friends" talk about me behind my back. 4 N/A
PX640701_Hostility_Others_Get_Breaks PX640701012400 Other people always seem to get the breaks. 4 N/A
PX640701_Hostility_People_Laughing_AtMe PX640701012800 I sometimes feel that people are laughing at me behind me back. 4 N/A
PX640701_Hostility_People_Nice_Iwonder PX640701012900 When people are especially nice, I wonder what they want. 4 N/A
PX640701_Hostility_Raw_Deal_OfLife PX640701012300 At times I feel I have gotten a raw deal out of life. 4 N/A
PX640701_Hostility_Sometimes_Jealous PX640701012200 I am sometimes eaten up with jealousy. 4 N/A
PX640701_Hostility_Suspicious_Of_Strangers PX640701012700 I am suspicious of overly friendly strangers. 4 N/A
PX640701_Hostility_Trouble_Controlling_Temper PX640701012100 I have trouble controlling my temper. 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Aggression and Hostility

Release Date:

November 21, 2014

Definition

A questionnaire that measures the personality trait of aggression.

Purpose

Aggression is a multifaceted construct reflecting a range of verbal, emotional, and physical behaviors that can result in physical or psychological harm, typically consisting of expressions of anger or hostility, assertions of dominance, and/or intimidation. Aggression is related to suicidal behavior and may be useful for distinguishing attempters from nonattempters. Aggression is also a risk factor for crime, violence, and substance abuse.

Keywords

Aggression, Hostility, Violence, Temper, Anger, Verbal aggression, Physical aggression