Protocol - Temperament - Adolescent
The Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire (EATQ-R) is a 65-item self- or parent-report questionnaire that measures the 11 dimensions of temperament (activation control, activity level, affiliation, attention, fear, frustration, high-intensity pleasure, inhibitory control, perceptual sensitivity, pleasure sensitivity, and shyness) and the 2 dimensions of behavior (aggression and depressive mood). Participants are asked to read each description of behavior and indicate how many times in the past week the behavior was exhibited. Participants should circle the frequency on a 7-point Likert scale (never, very rarely, less than half the time, half the time, more than half the time, almost always, always).
The Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire (EATQ-R) may be obtained by completing the request form on Mary Rothbart’s website (http://www.bowdoin.edu/~sputnam/rothbart-temperament-questionnaires/) and sending the form to the contact person indicated. Information about scoring the instrument is also available by request.
Personnel and Training Required
|Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection||No|
|Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual||Yes|
Mode of Administration
Self- or proxy-administered questionnaire
Adolescents aged 9-15 years
The Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire (EATQ-R) is a revision of an instrument that has been used successfully since 1992 and has been translated into nine languages. The instrument was revised in 2002 to add two behavioral scales.
English, Other languages available at source
|Human Phenotype Ontology||Mood swings||HP:0000720||HPO|
|Human Phenotype Ontology||Mood changes||HP:0001575||HPO|
Process and Review
Expert Review Panel 4 (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.
Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:
· No changes
Protocol Name from Source
Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire (EATQ-R)
Capaldi, D. M., & Rothbart, M. K. (1992). Development and validation of an early adolescent temperament measure. Journal of Early Adolescence, 12, 153-173.
Ellis, L. K. (2002). Individual differences and adolescent psychological development (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Oregon, Eugene, OR.
Ellis, L. K., & Rothbart, M. K. (2001, April). Revision of the Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire. Poster presented at the 2001 Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Minneapolis, MN.
Creemers, H., Dikstra, J., Vollebergh, W., Ormel, J., Verhulst, F., & Juizink, A. (2010). Predicting life-time and regular cannabis use during adolescence: The roles of temperament and peer substance use: The TRAILS study. Addiction, 105, 699-708.
Rothbart, M. K., Ahadi, S. A., & Hershey, K. L. (1994). Temperament and social behavior in childhood. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 40, 21-39.
Rothbart, M. K., & Bates, J. E. (1998). Temperament. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional and personality development (5th ed., pp. 105-176). New York: Wiley.
Willem, L., Bijttebier, P., & Claes, L. (2010). Reactive and self-regulatory temperament dimensions in relation to alcohol use in adolescence. Addictive Behaviors, 35, 1029-1035.
|Variable Name||Variable ID||Variable Description||dbGaP Mapping|
|PX181104000000||Protocol 181104 - proprietary. Check DCW for more||N/A|
December 13, 2010
This is a measure used to assess individual differences in emotional and motor reactivity and the attentional capacities that support self-regulation in children.
Temperament includes several dimensions of emotion and reactivity that are part of a person’s personality. Maturation and life experiences change these dimensions as a person ages. These dimensions can be measured via questionnaires, and the results may be correlated with changes in personality and behaviors later in life.
temperament - adolescent, Psychosocial, affect, behavior, mood, impulsivity, personality
|Protocol ID||Protocol Name|
|181101||Temperament - Child|
|181102||Temperament - Early Childhood|
|181103||Temperament - Infant|
|181104||Temperament - Adolescent|
|181105||Temperament - Adult|
Moore, T. M., et al. (2020) Development of a scale battery for rapid assessment of risk and resilience. Psychiatry Research. 2020 June; 288: 10. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112996