Protocol - Temperament - Adult

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The Adult Temperament Questionnaire (ATQ) is a 77-item self-administered questionnaire that measures the constructs of effortful control, negative affect, extraversion/surgency, and orienting sensitivity. Each item is scored on a 7-point Likert-scale.


The Adult Temperament Questionnaire (ATQ) may be obtained via the Bowdoin College website: https://research.bowdoin.edu/rothbart-temperament-questionnaires/. Information about scoring the instrument is also available by request.

Protocol Name from Source:

Adult Temperament Questionnaire (ATQ)


Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required


Equipment Needs


Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual Yes
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adult, Senior


Adults, ages 18 years and older

Specific Instructions:


Selection Rationale

The Adult Temperament Questionnaire (ATQ) is a revision of an instrument that has been used successfully since 1988 and has been translated into twelve languages.


Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Turkish

Common Data Elements (CDE) Adult Temperament Questionnaire Assessment Scale 6132724 CDE Browser
Derived Variables


Process and Review

Expert Review Panel 4 (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from the ERP includes:

· Added new protocol

· Created new data dictionary


Evans, D.E., & Rothbart, M.K. (2007). Development of a model for adult temperament. Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 868-888.

The Adult Temperament Questionnaire (ATQ) may be obtained via the Bowdoin College website: https://research.bowdoin.edu/rothbart-temperament-questionnaires/.

General References

Eikenaes, I., Egeland, J., Hummelen, B., & Wilberg, T. (2015). Avoidant Personality Disorder versus Social Phobia: The Significance of Childhood Neglect. PLoS ONE, 10(3), e0122846.

Evans DE, Rothbart MK. (2009). A Two-Factor Model of Temperament. Personality and Individual Differences, 47(6):565-570.

Derryberry, D., & Rothbart, M. K. (1988). Arousal, affect, and attention as components of temperament. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55, 958-966.

Protocol ID:


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Research Domain Information
Measure Name:


Release Date:

November 28, 2017


This is a measure used to assess individual differences in emotional and motor reactivity and the attentional capacities that support self-regulation in children.


Temperament includes several dimensions of emotion and reactivity that are part of a person’s personality. Maturation and life experiences change these dimensions as a person ages. These dimensions can be measured via questionnaires, and the results may be correlated with changes in personality and behaviors later in life.


Psychosocial, affect, behavior, mood, impulsivity, personality