Protocol - Respiratory Rate - Adult
A study staff member counts the number of complete respiratory cycles (one inspiration and one expiration) a subject breathes in 60 seconds.
1) Use a watch that can measure time in seconds.
2) Place the subject’s arm in a relaxed position across his abdomen or lower chest.
3) Observe a complete respiratory cycle (one inspiration and one expiration).
4) Count the number of respirations for 60 seconds. For adults with regular respiratory rhythm, it may be adequate to count for 30 seconds and multiply by two.
5) While counting, note whether depth is shallow, normal, or deep, and whether rhythm is normal or an altered pattern.
6) Record the results.
Personnel and Training Required
Staff trained to count respiratory rates with a watch and auscultate breath sounds.
Watch that can measure time in seconds and a stethoscope
|Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection||No|
|Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual||No|
Mode of Administration
The working group selected this protocol to standardize the approach to measurement of respiratory rate.
|caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE)||Person Respiratory Rate Text||2970219||CDE Browser|
|Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)||Resp rate adult proto||62634-1||LOINC|
|Human Phenotype Ontology||Tachypnea||HP:0002789||HPO|
Process and Review
Expert Review Panel #6 (ERP 6) reviewed the measures in the Respiratory domain.
Guidance from ERP 6 includes the following:
• No significant changes to measure
Back-compatible: no changes to Data Dictionary
Protocol Name from Source
Potter, P. A.,?et al. Fundamentals of Nursing,?1985
Potter, P. A., & Perry, A. G. (1985). Fundamentals of nursing. St. Louis, MO: C.V. Mosby Company.
Evans-Smith P. (2005). Taylor’s Clinical Nursing Skills: A Nursing Process Approach. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
McFadden, J. P., Price, R. C., Eastwood, H. D., & Briggs, R. S. (1982). Raised respiratory rate in elderly patients: a valuable physical sign. British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Ed.), 284(6316), 626-627.
Taylor, C. Lillis, C, LeMone, P. & Le Bon, M (2005). Skill Checklists to Accompany Fundamentals of Nursing: The Art and Science of Nursing Care (5th Ed). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
|Variable Name||Variable ID||Variable Description||dbGaP Mapping|
|PX091403040000||Breathing depth comments||N/A|
|PX091403030000||Breathing pattern comments||N/A|
|PX091403010000||Number of respiratory cycles in one minute||Variable Mapping|
|PX091403020000||Respiratory Depth Comments||N/A|
January 29, 2010
Respiratory rate is the number of breaths an individual takes within a specific amount of time (frequently given in breaths per minute).
Respiratory rate is a low-burden, quantitative variable that can be used to distinguish individuals with and without various forms of lung disease.
Respiratory, breaths per minute, inspiration, expiration, auscultation
|Protocol ID||Protocol Name|
|91401||Respiratory Rate - Infant|
|91402||Respiratory Rate - Child|
|91403||Respiratory Rate - Adult|
|91404||Respiratory Rate - Infant|
There are no publications listed for this protocol.