Protocol - Visual Memory - Adult
Visual Reproductions is an interviewer-administered test that is a part of the Wechsler Memory Scale® Fourth Edition (WMS®-IV). The interviewer shows the respondent a series of simple images and asks the respondent to draw them from memory. The test can be performed as both an immediate and delayed recall. The protocol includes scoring instructions that account for accuracy and speed.
Visual Reproductions is a proprietary subtest of the Wechsler Memory Scale®, Fourth Edition. Each WMS-III or WMS-IV subtest is a part of a complete WMS-III/IV assessment and is not sold separately. To administer a subtest requires a licensing agreement from Pearson. Researchers should complete and return an application to firstname.lastname@example.org. The current fee for each subtest use is $1.25 each-subject to a minimum license fee.
The examiner shows the respondent a picture for 10 seconds and then gives the respondent a piece of paper and instructs them to draw the picture from memory. This is repeated three times with different images. The first two pictures contain a single image, but the last picture contains two images that are side by side.
After a predetermined amount of time, examiner asks the respondent to draw as many pictures as they can recall. The respondent is informed the pictures do not have to be drawn in the same order as they were shown. After completing these drawings, the respondent is asked which image they were shown first.
Wechsler Memory Scale, Fourth Edition (WMS-IV). Copyright © 2009 NCS Pearson, Inc. All rights reserved.
The Wechsler Memory Scale® is a registered trademark of Pearson Education, Inc.
Personnel and Training Required
Personnel should be trained to administer the test by a licensed neuropsychologist or other trained medical professional experienced with the Visual Reproductions test.
· Additionally, investigators are encouraged to have quality control procedures (such as videotaping sessions, etc.) in place to maintain consistency across examiners.
The interviewer will need a copy of the test that includes the cards with the images, paper for the respondent to draw the images and a copy of the scoring instructions.
|Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection||No|
|Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual||No|
Mode of Administration
Adolescent, Adult, Senior
Individuals aged 16- 89 years and 11 months
Visual Reproductions was selected because it is a widely used, validated protocol that requires less time to administer and score than similar instruments.
|Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)||Visual memory proto||62774-5||LOINC|
|Human Phenotype Ontology||Memory impairment||HP:0002354||HPO|
Process and Review
Expert Review Panel 4 (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.
Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:
· No changes
Protocol Name from Source
Wechsler Memory Scale?, Visual Reproductions subtest, Fourth Edition (WMS?-IV)
Wechsler, D. (2009). Wechsler Memory Scale®, Fourth Edition (WMS®-IV). Pearson Education, Inc.
The Wechsler Memory Scale®, Fourth Edition (WMS®-IV) is a proprietary instrument and can be obtained through:
Attn: Customer Service
P.O. Box 599700
San Antonio, TX 78259
|Variable Name||Variable ID||Variable Description||dbGaP Mapping|
|PX130901000000||Protocol 130901 - proprietary. Check DCW for more||N/A|
May 12, 2010
An interviewer-administered test that measures the ability of the respondent to remember images and pictures.
This measure tests a respondent’s total range of function with respect to visual memory. It is therefore more specific and sensitive than a measure of global mental status and can be used to assess major problems in visual memory as well as minor variations that may be a consequence of normal development and aging.
visual memory - adult, Neurology, cognition, dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, aging, proprietary, sickle cell disease, SCD, gerontology, aging, geriatrics
|Protocol ID||Protocol Name|
|130901||Visual Memory - Adult|
|130902||Visual Memory - Child|
Pattaro, C., et al. (2015) The Cooperative Health Research in South Tyrol (CHRIS) study: rationale, objectives, and preliminary results. J Transl Med. 2015 November; 13: 348. doi: 10.1186/s12967-015-0704-9