Protocol - Visual Memory - Adult

Add to My Toolkit

Visual Reproductions is an interviewer-administered test that is a part of the Wechsler Memory Scale® Fourth Edition (WMS®-IV). The interviewer shows the respondent a series of simple images and asks the respondent to draw them from memory. The test can be performed as both an immediate and delayed recall. The protocol includes scoring instructions that account for accuracy and speed.

Specific Instructions

Visual Reproductions is a proprietary subtest of the Wechsler Memory Scale®, Fourth Edition. Each WMS-III or WMS-IV subtest is a part of a complete WMS-III/IV assessment and is not sold separately. To administer a subtest requires a licensing agreement from Pearson. Researchers should complete and return an application to pas.licensing@pearson.com. The current fee for each subtest use is $1.25 each-subject to a minimum license fee.


Limited Availability


Immediate Recall

The examiner shows the respondent a picture for 10 seconds and then gives the respondent a piece of paper and instructs them to draw the picture from memory. This is repeated three times with different images. The first two pictures contain a single image, but the last picture contains two images that are side by side.

Delayed Recall

After a predetermined amount of time, examiner asks the respondent to draw as many pictures as they can recall. The respondent is informed the pictures do not have to be drawn in the same order as they were shown. After completing these drawings, the respondent is asked which image they were shown first.

Wechsler Memory Scale, Fourth Edition (WMS-IV). Copyright © 2009 NCS Pearson, Inc. All rights reserved.

The Wechsler Memory Scale® is a registered trademark of Pearson Education, Inc.

Personnel and Training Required

Personnel should be trained to administer the test by a licensed neuropsychologist or other trained medical professional experienced with the Visual Reproductions test.

· Additionally, investigators are encouraged to have quality control procedures (such as videotaping sessions, etc.) in place to maintain consistency across examiners.

Equipment Needs

The interviewer will need a copy of the test that includes the cards with the images, paper for the respondent to draw the images and a copy of the scoring instructions.

Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Performance-based task


Adolescent, Adult, Senior


Individuals aged 16- 89 years and 11 months

Selection Rationale

Visual Reproductions was selected because it is a widely used, validated protocol that requires less time to administer and score than similar instruments.


Chinese, English

Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Visual memory proto 62774-5 LOINC
Human Phenotype Ontology Memory impairment HP:0002354 HPO
Derived Variables


Process and Review

Expert Review Panel 4 (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

· No changes

Protocol Name from Source

Wechsler Memory Scale®, Visual Reproductions subtest, Fourth Edition (WMS®-IV)


Wechsler, D. (2009). Wechsler Memory Scale®, Fourth Edition (WMS®-IV). Pearson Education, Inc.

The Wechsler Memory Scale®, Fourth Edition (WMS®-IV) is a proprietary instrument and can be obtained through:

Attn: Customer Service
P.O. Box 599700
San Antonio, TX 78259
Telephone: 800.627.7271
Email: clinicalcustomersupport@pearson.com

General References


Protocol ID


Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
PX130901000000 Protocol 130901 - proprietary. Check DCW for more
contact. show less
Measure Name

Visual Memory

Release Date

May 12, 2010


An interviewer-administered test that measures the ability of the respondent to remember images and pictures.


This measure tests a respondent’s total range of function with respect to visual memory. It is therefore more specific and sensitive than a measure of global mental status and can be used to assess major problems in visual memory as well as minor variations that may be a consequence of normal development and aging.


Neurology, cognition, dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, aging, proprietary, sickle cell disease, SCD, gerontology, aging, geriatrics

Measure Protocols
Protocol ID Protocol Name
130901 Visual Memory - Adult
130902 Visual Memory - Child

Pattaro, C., et al. (2015) The Cooperative Health Research in South Tyrol (CHRIS) study: rationale, objectives, and preliminary results. J Transl Med. 2015 November; 13: 348. doi: 10.1186/s12967-015-0704-9