Protocol - Spatial Reasoning - Adolescents and Adults
The Block Design Test is an interviewer-administered test that is part of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale®, Fourth Edition (WAIS®-IV). The participants are given a picture and asked to use red and white blocks to recreate the design.
Block Design is a proprietary subtest of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale®, Fourth Edition (WAIS®-IV). Each WAIS-IV subtest is a part of a complete WAIS-IV assessment and is not sold separately. To administer a subtest requires a licensing agreement from Pearson. Researchers should complete and return an application to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Block Design Test is an interviewer-administered test that is part of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale®, Fourth Edition (WAIS®-IV).
The participants are given a picture and asked to use red and white blocks to recreate the design.
Protocol Name from Source:
Block Design Test subtest of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale®, Fourth Edition (WAIS®-IV)
Personnel and Training Required
Personnel should be trained to administer the test by a licensed neuropsychologist or other trained medical professional experienced with the Block Design test. Additionally, investigators are encouraged to have quality control procedures (such as videotaping sessions, etc.) in place to maintain consistency across examiners.
The interviewer will need a copy of the test that includes the images, blocks for the respondent to recreate the designs, and a copy of the scoring instructions.
|Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection||Yes|
|Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual||No|
Mode of Administration
Adolescent, Adult, Senior
Adolescents and adults, ages 16 and older
Block Design was selected because it is a widely used, validated protocol that requires less time to administer than similar instruments.
|Common Data Elements (CDE)||Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Fourth Edition Block Design Scaled Score Value||4725505||CDE Browser|
Process and Review
Expert Review Panel 4 (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.
Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:
- Added new measure
- Created new Data Dictionary
David Wechsler. The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV). Pearson Education, Inc. 2008
The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale®, Fourth Edition (WAIS®-IV) is a proprietary instrument and can be obtained through:
Attn: Customer Service
P.O. Box 599700
San Antonio, TX 78259
Benson, N., Hulac, D., & Kranzler, J. (2010). Independent examination of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV): What does the WAIS-IV measure? Psychological Assessment, 22(1), 121-130.
Canivez, G. L., & Watkins, M. (2010). Investigation of the factor structure of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV): Exploratory and higher order factor analyses. Psychological Assessment, 22, 827-836.
Lichtenberger, E. O., & Kaufman, A. S. (2009). Essentials of WAIS-IV assessment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley.
|Variable Name||Variable ID||Variable Description||Version||dbGaP Mapping|
|PX131801_Spatial_Reasoning_Adolescents_Adults_Recreate_Design||PX131801000000||Did the participants recreate the design?||N/A|
November 28, 2017
A performance-based task to assess spatial judgment and visualization skills.
This measure tests a respondent’s total range of function with respect to spatial reasoning. It is therefore more specific and sensitive than a measure of global mental status and can be used to assess major problems in spatial reasoning (e.g., due to head trauma or Alzheimer’s disease) as well as minor variations that may be a consequence of normal development and aging.
Neurology, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition, WAIS-IV, proprietary, Aging, Alzheimer’s Disease