Protocol - Psychology Symptomatology of Children - Ages 6-18 (School age)

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A questionnaire on a child’s behavior providing scores on numerous scales. These include overarching Internalizing Problems, Externalizing Problems, and Total Problems, and specific syndrome scales (e.g., depressive, anxiety, ADHD, ODD, conduct problems, aggressive behaviors, somatic complaints, social problems). Versions are available for report by the child’s parents, primary caregivers, or surrogates, by the child’s teachers, or by the child.

Specific Instructions

The CBCL/6-18 should be used when the respondent is the child’s caregiver/parent. The TRF/6-18 should be used when the respondent is the child’s teacher. The YSR/11-18 should be used when the respondent is reporting on his/her own behaviors. These measures may be considered when a broad assessment of a range of indicators of psychological well-being, including DSM-based scales, is desired. The measures are proprietary. Complete scoring options require purchase of scoring materials.


The Child Behavior Checklist for School-Age Children (Ages 6 – 18) is a form to rate concerns about a child’s emotional and behavioral functioning. Scores can be compared against multicultural, age, and gender norms. Forms are available for completion by the child’s parent/caregiver (CBCL/6-18), the child’s teacher (TRF/6-18), or by the child (YSR/11-18).

The Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 6 - 18 is a proprietary protocol, and administration requires a license from ASEBA®.


Limited Availability

Personnel and Training Required


Equipment Needs


Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self- or proxy-administered questionnaire

Life Stage

Child, Adolescent


Parent or surrogate of Child aged 6-18 years.

Teacher of Child aged 6-18 years.

Youth self-report for Child aged 11-18 years.

Selection Rationale

This is a widely used measure for “general” mental health. This protocol has been incorporated into the National Institutes of Health study, Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO).


English, Spanish

caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) Pediatric Age 6-18 Child Behavior Checklist Assessment Scale 7054916 CDE Browser
Human Phenotype Ontology Behavioral abnormality HP:0000708 HPO
Derived Variables


Process and Review

Not Applicable

Protocol Name from Source

Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 6-18


Bilenberg N., The Child Behaviors Checklist (CBCL) and related material: standardization and validation in Danish population based and clinically based samples. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica,2007;100 (S398): 2-52.

Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 6-18 is a proprietary instrument, and administration requires a licensing agreement from ASEBA®:

Attn: Customer Support
Website: https://aseba.org/contact/
Telephone: 802-656-5130
E-mail: techsupp@aseba.org

General References

Achenbach, T. M. (2009). The Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA): Development, Findings, Theory, and Applications. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.

Achenbach, T. M. (2014). Using multicultural research to expand the scope of developmental psychopathology. In J. Burack & Schmidt (Eds.), Cultural and contextual perspectives on development at-risk (pp. 7-38). New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Achenbach, T.M., Becker, A., Döpfner, M., Heiervang, E., Roessner, V., Steinhausen, H., & Rothenberger, A. (2008). Multicultural assessment of child and adolescent psychopathology with ASEBA and SDQ instruments: research findings, applications, and future directions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 251-275.

Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA School-Age Forms & Profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.

Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2007). Multicultural Supplement to the Manual for the ASEBA School-Age Forms & Profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.

Weeland J., van Aar J. and Overbeek G., Dutch Norms for the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory: Comparisons with other Western Countries, Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 2017; 40 (2): 224-234.

Minh Dang H., Nguyen H. and Weiss B., Incremental validity of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in Vietnam, Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 2017; 29, (96).

Protocol ID


Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
PX301102010000 Protocol 301102 - proprietary. Check DCW for more
contact. show less
Pediatric Development
Measure Name

Psychological Symptomology of Children

Release Date

December 11, 2019


A questionnaire to assess children for emotional and behavioral problems, including DSM-oriented problems (e.g., depressive, anxiety, ADHD, ODD) and other problems (e.g., somatic complaints, withdrawn behaviors, aggressive behavior).


The Child Behavior Checklist assess observable child behaviors that may be indicative of psychological problems and compares responses against multicultural, age, and gender norms. A Language Development Survey for ages 18-35 months is also included.


ASEBA®, University of Vermont, Pediatric Development, Child Behavior Checklist